Copyright © 2024

The work of Euromaidan Press is supported by the International Renaissance Foundation

When referencing our materials, please include an active hyperlink to the Euromaidan Press material and a maximum 500-character extract of the story. To reprint anything longer, written permission must be acquired from [email protected].

Privacy and Cookie Policies.

EU seeks tribunal for Russian war crimes in Ukraine, proposes plan for confiscating frozen Russian assets

EU tribunal
Screenshot from address
EU seeks tribunal for Russian war crimes in Ukraine, proposes plan for confiscating frozen Russian assets

With the support of the UN, the EU proposes to create a specialized court to investigate and prosecute the crime of Russian aggression, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said on 30 November. As well, the EU proposes confiscating Russian assets that have been frozen to punish Moscow for invading Ukraine, exploring legal options with EU partners to compensate Kyiv for damage from Russian aggression.


“While continuing to support the International Criminal Court, we are proposing to set up a specialized court, backed by the United Nations, to investigate and prosecute Russia’s crime of aggression. We are ready to start working with the international community to get the broadest international support possible for this specialized court,” she said.

A specialized court, or tribunal, for the crime of aggression against Ukraine, has been viewed by experts as the only way to punish Russia for its invasion and bring its leadership to accountability, as none of the existing international judicial institutions have the proper mandate.

We have a dream: why the world needs a Special Tribunal for the Crime of Aggression against Ukraine

Earlier, Ambassador-at-Large of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Anton Korynevych said that the European External Action Service is preparing a position on possible options for establishing a special tribunal to prosecute the Russian leadership for the crime of aggression against Ukraine.

Kyiv is working on several options for the creation of a special tribunal, one of them – on the basis of an agreement between Ukraine and the UN, which may adopt a resolution.

The establishment of the special tribunal has already been supported by various organizations and states – from the Parliamentary Assembly of NATO, the European Parliament to the national parliaments of Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and the Netherlands.

As well, she informed that:

  • Russia is estimated to have caused EUR 600 bn worth of damage to Ukraine
  • The EU has blocked EUR 300 bn of the Russian Central Bank reserves and frozen EUR 19 bn of Russian oligarchs’ money

“In the short term, we could create, with our partners, a structure to manage these funds and invest them. We would then use the proceeds for Ukraine. And once the sanctions are lifted, these funds should be used so that Russia pays full compensation for the damages caused to Ukraine,” the EU Commissioner stated.

“Russia and its oligarchs have to compensate Ukraine for the damage and cover the costs for rebuilding the country… We will work on an international agreement with our partners to make this possible. And together, we can find legal ways to get to it,” Von der Leyen said.

Debates about handling frozen Russian assets have been going around in the EU for months. The problem is that in most EU states, legally seizing frozen assets is possible only after a criminal conviction. As well, many assets are registered as belonging to front groups and family members.

On 14 November, the UN General Assembly approved a resolution calling upon Russia to be held accountable for its invasion of Ukraine, including by paying reparations.

Ukraine’s President Zelenskyy’s formula for peace in Ukraine presented to the G20 summit includes Russia’s payment of reparations to compensate for the damage it has caused.

You could close this page. Or you could join our community and help us produce more materials like this.  We keep our reporting open and accessible to everyone because we believe in the power of free information. This is why our small, cost-effective team depends on the support of readers like you to bring deliver timely news, quality analysis, and on-the-ground reports about Russia's war against Ukraine and Ukraine's struggle to build a democratic society. A little bit goes a long way: for as little as the cost of one cup of coffee a month, you can help build bridges between Ukraine and the rest of the world, plus become a co-creator and vote for topics we should cover next. Become a patron or see other ways to support. Become a Patron!

To suggest a correction or clarification, write to us here

You can also highlight the text and press Ctrl + Enter

Please leave your suggestions or corrections here

    Euromaidan Press

    We are an independent media outlet that relies solely on advertising revenue to sustain itself. We do not endorse or promote any products or services for financial gain. Therefore, we kindly ask for your support by disabling your ad blocker. Your assistance helps us continue providing quality content. Thank you!