Putin-backed legislation will make official the status of Russian passports as an instrument of the country's military aggression and annexation strategy. (Credit: depositphotos)

Putin-backed legislation will make official the status of Russian passports as an instrument of the country's military aggression and annexation strategy. (Credit: depositphotos

Opinion, Russian Aggression

Edited by: A. N.

If the leader of any other country proposed new citizenship legislation that would give his government the power to award national citizenship to anyone living in areas his or her country might occupy in the future, there would be international outrage at this indication of plans for further aggression and annexation.

But that is precisely what Vladimir Putin has done in draft legislation he has sent to the Russian State Duma for passage at the end of December 2021. Legislation that because of his powers almost certainly will be adopted without change; and there has not been any expression of outrage by other powers despite the arrogance of such an announcement.

Unfortunately, as Rosbalt’s Aleksandr Zhelenin points out, the new draft law contains other features which reflect “radical changes in the foreign and domestic policies” of the Kremlin leader in the 20 years since the last citizenship law was passed. (The 2002 act has been amended and those amendments anticipate the claim Putin is now making.)


  • For the text of the 80-plus-page bill in the Russian State Duma, see duma.gov.ru;
  • For Zhelenin’s analysis, see rosbalt.ru.

The Rosbalt analyst says that “first of all,” everyone should pay attention to two paragraphs of the new legislation, no. 12 and no. 20, which talk about “the possible changes of the borders of the Russian Federation in the future and corresponding to that the procedure for obtaining Russian citizenship by people living on territory that has been annexed.”

This underscores, Zhelenin continues, that “the Russian state not only as a matter of principle has not rejected the course of external expansion but is preserving for itself the legal basis for such actions in the future.” The only thing one can’t say with any certainty is just which territories now part of other states or having their own statehood now would be involved.

Among the other disturbing features of the new law which will go into effect six months after it is adopted is the following one: it reverses Russian commitments of the past never to strip anyone of Russian citizenship, something the West insisted on in the 1990s because the Soviet government had so often used this device against dissenters.

The draft law does say that anyone who has Russian citizenship by birth cannot lose it by government action; but it goes on to say, Zhelenin points out, that anyone who acquires Russian citizenship and then violates certain Russian laws is at risk of precisely that outcome, thus creating two classes of citizens in the Russian Federation.

According to Zhelenin, this action will help the powers that be in Moscow ensure that those people who do acquire Russian citizenship are as obedient and loyal to the Kremlin as possible. But that raises a question which the author of this legislation has not yet bothered to answer.

“If you so distrust new citizens, why then are you handing out hundreds of thousands of Russian passports in Ukraine and Moldova?” For the moment at least, the Rosbalt commentator says, “this question is hanging in the air.”

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Edited by: A. N.
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