Copyright © 2021

The work of Euromaidan Press is supported by the International Renaissance Foundation

When referencing our materials, please include an active hyperlink to the Euromaidan Press material and a maximum 500-character extract of the story. To reprint anything longer, written permission must be acquired from [email protected].

Privacy and Cookie Policies.

Teacher releases primer for discussing Russia’s hybrid war in Ukraine

Borislaw Bilash II
Borislaw Bilash II

Borislaw Bilash II, a physics teacher in the USA, has released his third edition of a primer for teachers about the events of Euromaidan and Russia’s subsequent invasion of Crimea and hybrid war in Donbas.

His previous primer focused on Euromaidan.

The current primer is an guide to help teachers explain the latest events in Ukraine: Euromaidan, Russia’s invasion of Crimea, and hybrid war in Donbas. A separate section is dedicated to evaluating information and assessing the reliability of sources in the conditions of an information war.

Mr.Bilash started creating it at the very beginning of the protests to explain to his friends what was happening, but word about the primer soon spread further. The educational council of the Ukrainian World Congress translated the document into Ukrainian, and the Ukrainian school council of Alberta asked for permission to use it in their curriculum. Apart from that, he received letters from all around the world thanking him for the document and pieces of it were lifted by others.

Why is it important to understand what happened and is happening in Ukraine?

“A lot of people don’t realize how the events of 30 November 2013 started a ball rolling with so much inertia that it’s never going to get stopped. It has affected world history. It’s not just a local problem with Ukraine. It’s not just one man in a palace in Kyiv. The orders have to come from further above. The orders are coming from outside of one country, dictating the interests of another country,” Borislaw explained.

“Look at Syria, at Europe, the refugees. Are Putin’s actions outside his borders simply designed to distract the world’s attention from what he is doing in Ukraine? Perhaps is working to distract his own citizens from the problems he has created in his own country?  Look at the North Pole – Russia years ago planted a flag there. What does it mean when Russia sends fighter jets into the airspace of the UK? What does it mean when Russian jets conduct inappropriate fly-by’s by US warships? The internet makes the world a global community. There are no countries isolated from others. You have to understand the events taking place in the world. It has an effect on politics, on international relations. The world is a sandbox, and we have to figure out how to play nice.”

A special section of the primer is dedicated to evaluating the reliability of information found in the internet. “Every author has an agenda.  Sometimes it is as innocent as simply wanting to inform others of a fact or discovery.  Other authors may have a more-sinister reason for publishing their work – perhaps to misinform others as in done in politics and during war,” states the introduction of this section. According to the author, guiding questions will help refocus the reader away from some of the misinformation they may have been exposed to by fixing an open mind in the reader/educator, as educational research has demonstrated that providing a guiding question helps the reader learn.

Based on Borislaw’s primer, we made these resources:

How it all happened – A short guide to Ukraine’s revolution and subsequent Russian occupation and hybrid war
A timeline of the Euromaidan revolution

And for evaluation, check out this test to see how well you know the history of Maidan!

The latest version of his primer is below (available also as a google doc by clicking this link).

You could close this page. Or you could join our community and help us produce more materials like this.  We keep our reporting open and accessible to everyone because we believe in the power of free information. This is why our small, cost-effective team depends on the support of readers like you to bring deliver timely news, quality analysis, and on-the-ground reports about Russia's war against Ukraine and Ukraine's struggle to build a democratic society. A little bit goes a long way: for as little as the cost of one cup of coffee a month, you can help build bridges between Ukraine and the rest of the world, plus become a co-creator and vote for topics we should cover next. Become a patron or see other ways to support. Become a Patron!
Related Posts

February 27: Russia has concentrated 63500 of its military near the border with Ukraine

February 27 – 3 Ukrainian military were killed and 7 injured in the ATO area in the last 24 hours, – informed NSDC spokesman Andriy Lysenko.

February 27 – Russia plans to seize those parts of Ukraine that are needed create a corridor to Crimea (attack on Mariupol is possible in the spring), – stated Director of National Intelligence James Clapper.

February 27 – Organizers of Kharkiv terrorist attacks have received weapons and funding from the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of Russian Armed Forces, – stated at a press conference on Friday the Chief of Security Service of Ukraine Valentyn Nalyvaichenko. He said that for the attack, the terrorists were given mines from the army main office in Belgorod. They also received 10 000 US dollars as a payment for Kharkiv terrorist attack.

February 27 – Russia has concentrated 63500 of its military near the border with Ukraine. According to "Information Resistance" group, most Russian soldiers are located in Crimea (30 thousand). Additionally, near Russia-Ukraine border in Chernihiv direction there are 3350 soldiers, Kharkiv direction – 5150 soldiers, Donetsk direction – 21800 soldiers. Another 3200 Russian soldiers are located in Transnistria.

February 27 – Ukrainian pilot Nadiya Savchenko who is illegally detained at the Russian prison, intends to go on a dry hunger strike, – said her lawyer Illya Novikov in a comment to "Dozhd" TV channel.

February 27 – On Friday, the militants have concentrated on shelling Donetsk area, – reports ATO press-centre.

February 27 – In case the situation in Donbas deteriorates, the UK could reconsider a decision to grant Ukraine lethal weapons, – said UK's Foreign Minister Philip Hammond. "At this point we decided not to provide Ukrainian army with lethal weapons, but we can review this decision", – said Hammond.

February 27 – First Deputy to NSDC Secretary Oleg Hladkovskyi has said that Ukraine is receiving lethal weapons from foreign countries. "Where there is no unnecessary hustle, which we, unfortunately, often create ourselves – these countries we do receive lethal weapons from", – he said.

February 27 – During the International Defence Exhibition & Conference IDEX-2015 in Abu Dhabi, Ukrainian delegation has signed a contract for the purchase of remotely piloted aircraft and radioelectronic warfare equipment with French company Thales Group.

February 27 – Security Services of Ukraine state that Vladyslav Surkov, an assistant to the President of RF is sending terrorist organizations "LNR" and "DNR" secret messages about their reaction to the actions of the official authorities in Kyiv. Valentyn Nalyvaichenko, Head of Ukraine's Security Services, stated this at a press conference on Friday by demonstrating a fragment of a circular dated February 2015. In this document, particularly, there is a statement that the decision to invite into Ukraine a peace-keeping contingent of UN is contradictory to the peace agreements. The circular is almost written in the same words as those later used by the leaders of the fighters in their comments on their media resources. Also, according to Nalyvaichenko, the Security Services of Ukraine are continuing to gather proof about the involvement of Surkov in directing the groups of the special staff of the Federation Security Services, who cooperated with the former directors of Security Services of Ukraine at the time of the events on Euromaidan.

February 26 – The situation in the ATO are has slightly stabilized, no attacks of our positions were recorded overnight, – said NSDC spokesman Andriy Lysenko.

February 26 – When speaking at US Congress Defense Committee meeting on February 25th, Supreme Allied Commander Europe of NATO Allied Command Operations Philip Breedlove has said that Russian troops are stationed in Transdniestria in order to "prevent Moldova getting closer to the West". Being stationed in Transdniestria they can hit Ukraine as easily as Moldova.

February 26 – National Joint Stock Company "Naftogaz of Ukraine" will take out a loan from the National Bank of China to the amount of 3.6 billion dollars.

February 26 – Russian "Gazprom" has agreed to discuss gas supply to the occupied areas of Donbas separately from overall Ukraine-Russia gas issues.

February 26 – Ukraine has begun the withdrawal of heavy weapons, – stated the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. 100mm main guns are being withdrawn from the boundary line. 100-mm howitzers and anti-tank guns "Rapira" are being repositioned. They are being relocated 25 km from the lines identified by Minsk agreements.

February 26 – As a result of joint counter-terrorism activities implemented by the Security Service of Ukraine and the Interior Ministry of Ukraine, the criminals involved in the terrorist attack in Kharkiv on February 22th were detained. 4 people were killed in the attack, – informed NSDC Secretary Oleksandr Turchynov.

February 26 – In the last month Russia has relocated over a thousand units of military equipment, vehicles, tanks, artillery and air defense systems to Donbas, – stated NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at a joint press conference with Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.

February 26 – Національний банк знизив офіційний курс гривні на 26 лютого до 30,01 гривні за долар.

National Bank of Ukraine lowered the official rate of hryvnia to 30.01 UAH per 1 US dollar for February 26th.

February 26 – During the lastfive months teachers on the territories controlled by "LNR" did not receive salaries or any social payments. ATO Spokesperson Andriy Lysenko announced this during a briefing. According to him the last time that teachers were paid for their work was for September 2014. "Since the majority of families of teachers remain without money, and the fighters continue to rob peaceful civilians, the educators gave an ultimatum to the leadership of "LNR". In case there is no payment of salaries, from March 9th, no school will remain open in Luhansk," he said.

February 26 – Ukraine has already filed with the European Court of Human Rights three law suits against the Russian Federation. The first one that Ukraine filed in the European Court of Human Rights against Russia was back in March 2014, during events which culminated in the annexation of Crimea.

Putin aide predicts relations 'renaissance'... if Russian 'national interests' respected

NATO Commander Breedlove: Imported Russian Missiles Have Turned Crimea into a Black Sea 'Power Projection' Platform

Don't Expect Lifting of Russia Sanctions in March, Mogherini

Top U.S. intelligence official backs arming Ukraine forces against Russia

Alexander J. Motyl: Why Russia Will Lose in Ukraine

Mark MacKinnon: Bypassing official channels, Canada's Ukrainian diaspora finances and fights a war against Russia

Ukrainian-Canadians fight against the kremlin

Minister Nicholson Calls for Russia to Release Ukrainian Air Force Pilot Nadiya Savchenko

War on Corruption: Ukraine Struggles to Emerge from the Shadow of the Oligarchs

Jason Kenney to send military training mission

P.S.: Please spread this appeal as much as possible.