Poll results: Slight improvement amid national pessimism in Ukraine, positive local outlook

decentralization works

Residents of Dnipro city see local improvements but they are not so optimistic at the national level according to a recent IRI poll. Background: A school in Petrykivka settlement, Dnipro Oblast, reconstructed this year (source: FB Yuri Holik) 

More

This summer’s nationwide public opinion survey of Ukrainians revealed a strong support for the NATO and EU and a slight improvement in the public perception of the country’s direction. However, last June only 18% thought that Ukraine was headed in the right direction against 68% of those pessimistic about the overall situation. Meanwhile, an additional poll in four cities revealed that Ukrainians are much more optimistic about local improvements than about general nationwide situation. This may mean that the decentralization reform works.

IRI’s Center for Insights in Survey Research held a public opinion survey of the residents of Ukraine from 9 June to 7 July 2017. The survey polled 2,400 permanent residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older throughout Ukraine sampling the representation of the general population by gender, age, region, and the size of settlements. An additional 4,800 respondents were also surveyed in the four cities of Dnipro, Mykolaiv, Khmelnytskyi, Mariupol to compare local-level responses with nationwide results.

Infographic: iri.org

Infographic: iri.org

The national outlook remains pessimistic since April 2014. However, it has slightly improved as compared with 2015-2016.

The national outlook as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

The national outlook in 2011-2017. Graph: iri.org

More than 60% of respondents said that the economic situation worsened in entire Ukraine as well as for their households over the last year, 43% are expecting further worsening in the next year.

Local surveys in four cities in different parts of Ukraine revealed that Ukrainians are positive about the local developments against their pessimistic evaluation of the overall situation in the country.

Assessment of the national and local outlook in the western city of Khmelnytskyi as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

Assessment of the national and local outlook in the western city of Khmelnytskyi as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

 

Assessment of the national and local outlook in the eastern city of Mariupol as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

Assessment of the national and local outlook in the eastern city of Mariupol as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

The positive local outlook may be indicative of progress made in the decentralization reform. The reform created 413 new united territorial communities and gave them resources and authority. It helped implement hundreds of projects, create dozens of convenient public service centers, and build thousands of kilometers of new roads. In December 2016, the Verkhovna Rada allocated 35 billion hryvnia (about $1,3 billion) for the reconstruction of the road infrastructure.

Ukrainians don’t trust their politicians. More than 70% disapprove activities of the President and the Cabinet of Ministers. The disapproval rating of the Parliament is even worse (88%). The highest approval rating of politicians reaches only 22%, while 40-90% tend to negatively evaluate the politicians. The highest ratings of the political parties are merely 5-10%.

Ukrainians express strong support for the European Union and NATO. Most of the respondents are of the opinion that Ukraine should enter both structures. The lowest positive evaluation (29%) of entering the EU was observed in the eastern Ukraine where 40% still want to see Ukraine in the Russia’s Customs Union. The highest (78%) support for the EU membership was discovered in the western provinces.

The approval rating of the economic unions as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

The approval rating of the economic unions as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

Some 40% favor entering the NATO with only 16% of supporters in the east and 59% in the country’s west.

The approval rating of the NATO membership as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

The approval rating of the NATO membership as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

The Ukrainians remain positive towards most of their neighbor countries as well as towards the US and Canada, the European Union and its member states. Meanwhile, a half of the respondents evaluate cold attitude towards Russia.

Read also: USA and Ukraine are Russia’s top-2 enemies, new Levada poll shows

Attitude towards countries as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

Attitude towards countries as of June 2017. Graph: iri.org

According to the poll results, the most important issues for Ukraine are corruption within state bodies (51%), the military conflict in the Donbas (50%), and law industry production (29%). Meanwhile, the most important personal issues for the participants of the survey were control over price growth (44), unemployment (34%), the Donbas conflict (34%), and the social protection (31%). Only 30% see corruption as an important personal issue.

 


Read more:

Since you’re here – we have a favor to ask. Russia’s hybrid war against Ukraine is ongoing, but major news agencies have gone away. But we’re here to stay, and will keep on providing quality, independent, open-access information on Ukrainian reforms, Russia’s hybrid war, human rights violations, political prisoners, Ukrainian history, and more. We are a non-profit, don’t have any political sponsors, and never will. If you like what you see, please help keep us online with a donation!

Tags: , , ,