While regenerating counter-battery radar fleets is a priority for both Ukraine and Russia, Russia will struggle in this because of the lack of high-tech electronics that have been disrupted by sanctions, the British Defense Intelligence states in its daily update:
“As of 23 March 2023, Ukrainian Special Operation Forces released footage of a Russian ZOOPARK-1M counter-battery radar being destroyed in the Donetsk area.
Ukrainian SOF spotted the Russian 1L220 Zoopark-2 artillery locating radar and tracked it on move to its hiding place, then relayed its coordinates to artillery
— Euromaidan Press (@EuromaidanPress) March 24, 2023
Efforts by both sides to neutralize their opponent’s counter-battery radars have been a constant element of the conflict. These systems are relatively few in number but are a significant force multiplier. They allow commanders to rapidly locate and strike enemy artillery.
However, because they have an active electromagnetic signature, they are vulnerable to being detected and destroyed. Russia has lost at least six ZOOPARK-1M and likely only has a very limited number left in Ukraine.
Regenerating counter-battery radar fleets is likely a key priority for both sides, but Russia will likely struggle because the systems rely on supplies of high-tech electronics which have been disrupted by sanctions,” the agency tweeted.
A counter-battery radar is a type of radar system used by militaries to locate and track the position of enemy artillery, rocket launchers, and other indirect fire weapons. The primary purpose of a counter-battery radar is to detect and track incoming projectiles in real-time, determine their location, and provide data for counterfire. It is an effective tool for detecting and neutralizing enemy artillery and other indirect fire weapons.
Counter-battery radar systems typically use advanced algorithms and signal processing techniques to determine the trajectory and location of incoming projectiles, allowing for precise targeting of enemy artillery and other indirect fire weapons. These systems can also provide valuable intelligence and situational awareness to military commanders, enabling them to respond quickly and effectively to enemy attacks.