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Coalition: three or five?

Coalition: three or five?
Article by: Dmytro Shurkhalo
Translated by: Mariya Shcherbinina
Kyiv – Petro Poroshenko’s Block will support Arseniy Yatseniuk’s candidacy for the post of Prime Minister of the new coalition government under the condition that a joint activity plan is accorded in detail. This decision was made public during the meeting between President Petro Poroshenko and the newly-elected member of the Parliament from his eponymous block. The format of the parliamentary coalition – in particular, how many factions will enter it and whether it will included non-faction members, remains unclear. 

President Petro Poroshenko himself proposed to his colleagues to nominate Arseniy Yatseniuk.

“The President’s proposal which was supported by the future members of the Parliament from his party to nominate Arseniy Yatseniuk… According to the constitution, the biggest faction is the one which nominates the Prime Minister and we used this right to demonstrate that the words ‘time to unite’ are not just a good party motto, but the principle of our actions,” said head of Petro Poroshenko’s Block Yury Lutsenko

Poroshenko’s Block is currently not ready to say whether they will have claims on the post of the Verkhovna Rada speaker.

“This is not an issue of the coalition. Naturally, in order not to create excessive tension, we can say that we will have proposals in terms of who we see as speaker. However, this issue is not on the agenda at the moment. What is on the agenda is the issue of the coalition agreement and the speed of launching real work within the eights Verkhovna Rada,” noted on of the PPB leaders Vitaly Kovalchuk.

Two posts and one mechanism – what else is there to accord?

The format of the coalition as well remains undetermined at the moment. It is possible that it will only include three factions: Petro Poroshenko’s Block, People’s Front and Samopomich. However, the President’s associates do not exclude the possibility of Batkivshchina or Oleh Lyashko’s Radical Party joining them. The participation of non-faction members also remains undetermined. It is more or less clear that the newly-elected members are against the former regionals who voted for the dictator laws of January 16 and other odious figures.

According to political expert Volodymyr Fesenko, a coalition of five factions is better because then one political party cannot block a decision.

“On principle, broadening the coalition rids one of the members of the ‘golden share.’ If there are five members in the coalition, an accorded position of two or even three political parties will be necessary to block a decision,” he notes.

After according the Prime Minister’s candidacy, the key unsolved issues that remain are the posts of Speaker and Minister for Internal Affairs, as well as the cooperation mechanism within the coalition itself.

“Yatseniuk wants for the government to be autonomous to the max, and Poroshenko’s party wants the coalition to have influence on the Cabinet of Ministers,” thinks Volodymyr Fesenko.

Political expert Viktoria Podhorna also emphasizes that Petro Poroshenko’s Block and People’s Front demonstrated different approaches towards the formation of the coalition.

Taking this into account, experts and newly-elected MP’s assume that the creation of the government will be a complex process and that the new Cabinet of Ministers will not emerge before the month of December.

Translated by: Mariya Shcherbinina
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