The Kremlin’s chaos strategy in Ukraine and its helpers

From the "March of a Nation" organized by Ukrainian far-right group Azov in Kyiv on 14 October 2016. Photo: Yevhen Kotenko, RIANovosti

From the "March of a Nation" organized by Ukrainian far-right group Azov in Kyiv on 14 October 2016. Photo: Yevhen Kotenko, RIANovosti  

Analysis & Opinion, Featured

Article by: Mykhailo Basarab, Maksym Serdiuk

The Kremlin is desperately working on generating chaos and absurdity in Ukraine.  In their article on the Ukrainian portal Lb.ua, “Hybrid warfare: the Kremlin’s chaos tools in Ukraine,” political scientists Mykhailo Basarab and Maksym Serdiuk pointed out the key groups and themes of the Ukrainian public discussion that Moscow is using for imposing artificial chaos on Ukraine. The authors call Russia’s modern military strategy hybression (“hybrid aggression“).

“Few realize that the hybression occurs every day within the free Ukraine: in government agencies, on TV channels, at Western embassies in Kyiv. It’s carried out with the same tactics, with the same technologies as in the case of Moscow’s interference in the US, British, and French politics,” believe the authors.

Here we publish the translated key parts of the article.

The objective of Kremlin’s hybression (“hybrid aggression“) is primarily to create chaos and a controlled conflict, rather than the fomenting a pro-Moscow public opinion on particular issues. That is why people acting as instruments of the Kremlin’s aggression are often not outspoken traitors, but genuine internal subjects of Ukraine. They are usually manipulated while kept in the dark. Hence, the Russian hybrid invasion is mostly non-obvious for not only ordinary Ukrainians but even for Ukrainian officials.

Prerequisites for chaos

Translation/adaptation: Euromaidan Press

Image: social media; Translation/adaptation: Euromaidan Press

The Euromaidan Revolution and the war in the eastern Ukraine created a huge demand for social and political justice. Civil society formed a clear agenda for a new Ukraine:

  • the punishment of Yanukovych regime’s figures personifying the whole treasonous comprador elite;
  • an adequate response to the Russian invasion;
  • combating corruption.

But the elites went the way of pseudo-reforms. Сonstitutive transformations were substituted by the process of establishing new anti-corruption institutions.

Moreover, the new government did not satisfy the public demand for political justice, namely, to delegitimize the remnants of the Yanukovych regime. Apart from the complicity in Yanukovych’s crimes in corruption and the Euromaidan massacre, his allies collaborated with the Russian invaders, and still deny the very fact of aggression. The new Ukrainian government had the possibility to unite the nation by fulfilling the Euromaidan’s immediate demands, even while remaining hooked up to black cash flows and corruption schemes of the previous regime. But this wasnt’ done. 

Instead of being prosecuted, the so-called regionnaires (former operatives of the Yanukovych’s Party of Regions, now mostly grouped in the Opposition Bloc party) were allowed to become full-fledged political actors after the revolution. This should raise suspicions, considering the extent they are influenced by Kremlin. They became a suspiciously comfortable opposition to the Poroshenko administration. The regionnaires remain a powerful factor of absurdity and, most of all, an irritating motivator for anti-institutional, spontaneously-violent patriotic protests.

Rebuffing Russian hybression is an issue where the government ignored public demands the most. This is less about a military response to Russia’s invasion (Ukraine was obviously not ready for that) than about the political and legal reaction of the state to the annexation of the Crimea and Russian-led separatist takeover of the Donbas. Instead of an adequate assessment of reality and proper international legal action, the government responded to the Russian invasion with the plan of a “peaceful settlement” of the conflict with so-called separatists, thus accepting the qualification of the war as an internal conflict, an anti-terrorist operation. The absurd Minsk agreements became the quintessence of the inconsistent and contradictory “Poroshenko Peace Plan,” which was actually imposed by the enemy.

The new terminal of Donetsk Airport in 2012 and in January 2015. Collage: twitter balticfrequency

The new terminal of Donetsk Airport in 2012 and in January 2015, razed to the ground by the Russian-hybrid forces. Collage: twitter.com/balticfrequency

The “peace process” with Russia’s puppet “Luhansk and Donetsk People’s Republics” is illogical and hopeless because the President and his allies regularly claim that it is Russia invading Ukraine and that solely Russia can end this war.

Moreover, Putin’s Ukrainian crony Viktor Medvedchuk is one of Ukraine’s semi-official negotiators in the Minsk talks. The Ukrainian army, Prosecutor’s Office, courts, the whole economy have all been deprived of the legal instruments necessary in a state of war.

By formally recognizing a virtual aggressor, the ORDLO (“certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts,” a euphemism for “Donbas separatists” used in the Minsk Agreements) besides the real one, Russia, the Ukrainian government failed to admit the fact of an international war.

Medvedchuk, one of tools of Kremlin's organized chaos
Viktor Medvedchuk (left) as one of Ukraine’s representatives at negotiations of the Trilateral Contact Group sitting next to ex-president Leonid Kuchma (standing in the middle), another Ukraine representative at Minsk talks. Minsk, 2014

Poroshenko’s chief election promise of an easy and fast peace became a dangerous political trap for his administration. Because of this, the passionary segment of the population opting for an active total resistance to the enemy became frustrated in the government’s perceived inability to protect Ukraine from the Russian threat. At the same time, the common person, now convinced in the possibility of an “easy peace,” he threat of war too lightly. Many Ukrainians increasingly tend to believe that the war is a kind of abstraction, a horror story, or is explained by a conspiracy of oligarchs seeking profits.

This government-nurtured carelessness about the war is the reason behind the wide criticism of an absolutely necessary decision of Ukraine’s ban on the Russia-based social media and email services (vk.com, ok.ru, mail.ru etc). As there was no perceived real threat from the war, the infringement of Ukrainians’ telecomunications rights was seen as impossibly harsh. After all, such thinking is logical in the “Anti-terrorist operation-Minsk deal” matrix, where the majority of Ukrainians lead an ordinary peaceful life, and someone has already decided to pursue a political compromise with the Kremlin.

By ignoring the key political demand of society and disguising the war, the government lost public trust and placed itself in the focus of popular discontent. This situation is being intensively exploited by Russian propaganda. So, the main prerequisites for chaos in Ukraine are in place.

The Kremlin’s media network within Ukraine: a collective “Russia Today” on the shoulders of revanchists

The government’s tolerance to the Yanukovych regime figures has legitimized their media influence in the post-Euromaidan Ukraine. They include not only Yanukovych-associated MPs or businessmen who switched sides and are now publicly loyal to Ukraine statehood: Serhiy Lyovochkin, Yevheny Murayev, Rinat Akhmetov, Andriy Derkach. The masterminds of the whole corruption mechanism of the Yanukovych regime, oligarchs Serhiy Kurchenko and Oleksandr Klymenko, have been living and doing business in Russia since the war began, remaining under 24/7 surveillance of the Russian FSB.

And yet the media holdings owned by, or linked to the two – Korrespondent.net, FM radio stations network, the free daily newspaper Vesti – are successfully operating in Ukraine. So are other media organizations allegedly controlled by other figures from the old regime.
Ihor Huzhva hands out the free newspaper Vesti, an instrument of wide dissemination of pro-Kremlin messaging. Photo: anticor.com.ua

Ihor Huzhva hands out the free newspaper Vesti, an instrument of wide dissemination of pro-Kremlin messaging. Photo: anticor.com.ua

The independent MP Yevhen Murayev, an open revanchist and ex-regionnaire, is developing his own NewsOne TV news channel. Ihor Guzhva, the former editor-in-chief of the Vesti newspaper, is managing the popular Strana.ua news website. Another news channel, ZIK TV, has soared to the national level amid the war-caused economic downturn. Upon moving to Kyiv, ZIK TV is being flooded with editors and anchors from 112 Channel allegedly controlled by Vitaliy Zakharchenko, the notorious Ukraine police chief during the Euromaidan who has fled to Russia and voices extreme anti-Ukraine views and NewsOne TV as well as from Radio Vesti.

At first glance, all the revanchist medias observe a pluralism of political opinions while working to whitewash the Yanukovych regime and discredit the Euromaidan revolution. These media usually refrain from Ukrainophobia and obvious fake-making, unlike how it’s done in Russia.

But a single manipulation strategy can be clearly identified in the editorial approach of all the media controlled by the revanchists: to incite absurdity, to provoke chaos and uncertainty among the audience. This strategy is accomplished by performing several semantic tasks.

Firstly, logical boundaries of discussion and the news context are being artificially and manipulatively expanded to the extent of absurdity. To the point where a lay viewer loses any rational reference points and opinion leaders. The main theme for such “an absurd therapy” is the issue of Russian aggression. All the aforementioned TV channels regularly report on the Donbas war developments, as well as on the Russia’s subversion activities elsewhere in Ukraine, citing the military spokespersons, Ukraine’s Security Service etc. Alongside that, however, there are “politicians” and “pundits” daily appearing on the air to de facto deny the Russian invasion, or point out that Ukraine is the one to blame for the war. The “journalists” in question, however, are not even trying to point out this evident contradiction to either the audience or to such interviewees (not to mention to stop seeking their comments further). The audience is being deliberately immersed in an interpretation absurdity.

For example, former Russia MP Ilya Ponomaryov once told ZIK TV that the 2014 Putin’s invasion was in fact caused by Ukraine Parliament’s attempt to abolish the 2010 language law, granting privileged status to the Russian language [Editor’s note: Ponomaryov actually said that the abolishment of the said law helped Putin start the war, but did not cause it]. Politician Inna Bogoslovska, on NewsOne TV, expressed the idea that “Russians and Ukrainians have been made enemies.” On the same TV channel, anchor Yevhen Chervonenko declares, “In the times of war we must look for things that unite, rather not split apart.

A similar tactic of semantic manipulation has been already used for years in the West: by the Russia government propaganda network including Russia Today, Sputnik etc.

There, “alternative points of view” were gradually weaved in the coverage of national and international topics. These include the opinions such as that man-made climate change, or that the Holocaust of Jews are hoaxes; the European Union oppresses and exploits the poorer EU countries; the Georgia’s Rose and the Ukraine’s Orange revolutions were merely coups organized by the CIA.

Secondly, the revanchist media network demonstrably manipulates issues and figures of current affairs. Topics which are insignificant in terms of factual reality and sociological data are unduly over-covered, and vice versa. Most often, corruption is portrayed as being more important than the ongoing Russian aggression. Marginal politicians and commentators with biographies and achievements offering no grounds for journalistic interest are being promoted way more than they deserve. Completely discredited figures of Yanukovych regime are now being imposed on the audience as moral authorities and experts in all matters along with other pseudo figures. An absurd augmented reality is being created in the minds of viewers and listeners.

The most striking case of the news characters’ manipulation is independent MP Vadym Rabynovych. He hasn’t held any government office, can’t  competently comment on any specific policy question. Despite that, ever since the Russia’s invasion began, Rabynovych has been hyped up precisely by the media controlled by revanchists and ex-Yanukovych figures who escaped to Russia. Over the past three years, this media pool has turned him into a recognizable persona, a viable presidential candidate, according to the recent polls.

Thirdly, the media outlets in question systematically exaggerate the size and significance of Ukraine’s domestic problems. Even worse, they tend to downplay the consequences of Russian aggression, as well as Russia’s influence in Ukraine since the country’s independence in 1991. While revanchist lapdog MPs keep denying the Kremlin’s responsibility for the war, their media outlets artificially conceal the problem of Russian aggression in the flow of other news, pushing trash information to the forefront.

A typical example is the side issue of the formal existence of the parliament coalition, one of the criteria for President’s discretionary decision to dismiss the Parliament. The revanchist media portray this geeky topic, with all the details of inter-party compromises, as a major public issue.

Fourthly, the revanchist media network artificially overblows topics that deepen public disagreements and radicalize views. For example, in mid-May 2017, several pro-Kremlin mass-media inexplicably brought up the LGBT “Equality March,” which was set to take place in the last decade of June. Moreover, it affects very few Ukrainians: the number of participants of the gay parades and their active opponents never exceeded several thousand nationwide.

Fifthly, from time to time, the revanchist media pool does resort to primitive broadcasting of the Kremlin propaganda. For instance, Nadiya Savchenko, the independent MP who is also a resident pundit for NewsOne TV, regularly repeats talking points of Russian President Putin and Foreign Minister Lavrov like “we’re doomed to live in one country (with the Russian pseudo-separatists) anyway, so we need to hear them out.” A recent Mikheil Saakashvili talk show on ZIK featured a “street survey” where all the respondents happened to confirm the anchor’s point: the war with Russia continues because the Ukrainian government benefits from it.

Georgia's ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili as a TV anchor on ZIK TV. Screehshot: YouTube

Georgia’s ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili (R) as a talk show host on ZIK TV. Screenshot: YouTube

Thus, the audience is being purposefully brainwashed with impressions of the hopeless absurdity of the situation, eternal institutional incompetence of the Ukrainian statehood, lack of hope and perspective.

The main TV channels of the informal pro-Kremlin network, 112 and NewsOne, offered the market a revolutionary (and very costly) news broadcasting format with a non-stop participation of outside commentators: politicians, activists, and pundits. Many such guests admit that these media are controlled by the enemies of Ukraine, but nevertheless justify their own appearances there by the opportunity “to provide viewers with an alternative point of view.”

But the course and the scope of the discussion are not determined by studio guests. This broadcasting format is merely used to impose the false balance of thoughts and legitimize the above described semantic manipulations with the outside studio guests, who are only “ballast” for editors constructing the required thematic and emotional context. The discordant noise, created by the mix of well-known, completely unknown, and sometimes outlandish commentators reinforces the atmosphere of chaos and absurdity. Unprepared viewers struggle with coming to their final opinion on any given issue. Minds are left in despair after this “discussion,” which is the intended effect.

This is how the media controlled by former “heavyweights” of the Yanukovych regime create the atmosphere of chaos, despair, and apathy in Ukraine. This atmosphere is likely to undermine the public support of the ruling coalition and finally delegitimize Poroshenko’s presidency. Most importantly, this might significantly complicate the defensive war against Russia.

The Horsemen of Chaos

The Revolution of Dignity and the war have shown an incredible ability of Ukrainians to unite and self-organize. To achieve chaos in Ukraine, the Kremlin now pushes for infighting among not only politicians and oligarchs but also the leaders of our civil society. Some of them can be reasonably suspected of collaboration with the aggressor. Most infighters, however, are useful idiots. By this term, Soviet diplomats and spies denoted Western activists, used without their knowledge by the USSR during the Cold War.

Anti-corruption activists

Western donors have traditionally supported Ukraine NGO projects aimed at promoting the so-called participatory democracy. They were meant to tackle institutional weakness and corruption “from the outside” through the maximum involvement of media and civil society. First of all, these are journalists and activists specializing in anti-corruption activities. This created a whole new cluster of Ukraine’s counter-elite, consisting of grant-funded figures. They became public opinion leaders already during the Yanukovych rule and played an invaluable role before and during the Euromaidan revolution. Their total domination of the public debate would still be reasonable if it wasn’t for a completely new reality: Russia’s aggressive war on Ukraine.

As stated above, the new government failed to satisfy the people’s demand for reform – provoking an unprecedented, aggressive assault by activists demanding the final dismantling of the corrupt system. As of now, however, this initially righteous offensive has already turned into a hellish political war to kill. A war not so much FOR changes, as AGAINST state institutions and the state as a whole.

A pathological example of “anti-corruption” herostratism is provided by MP and former journalist Serhiy Leshchenko. He has come a surprising way from anti-corruption campaigns pointed at highest officials to, recently, denying the very fact of Russian aggression. The war in Donbas, according to Mr. Leshchenko, continues only because the Ukraine government wants to keep stealing on defense contracts. Moreover, he is now actually relaying Kremlin propaganda about a supposed “ban of on the Russian language” by Poroshenko, as well as calling the state policy of de-communization absurd.

MP Serhiy Leshchenko (R) in the Verkhovna Rada. Kyiv, 20 March 2017. Screenshot: podrobnosti.ua

MP Serhiy Leshchenko (right) in the Verkhovna Rada. Kyiv, 20 March 2017. Screenshot: podrobnosti.ua

Most anti-corruption figures are hard to suspect of ties to Russia. However, most of them are, consciously or not, trying to absolutize “anti-corruption” beyond any rational limits. These public opinion leaders are pushing hard to completely replace the country’s agenda, presenting corruption as the only evil of Ukraine, and combatting it as the only public goal.

Herewith, corruption is a hot topic for all pro-Kremlin media in Ukraine. They do their best to hype the anti-corruption discussion, to amplify its resonance, to emotionally manipulate it. Any fact or half-gossip on corruption get the priority interest of this media pool.

Activists are happy to use the pro-Kremlin media for conveying their “anti-corruption” protest. In their righteous confrontation with the government, they don’t shy away from any media.

Apathy about Ukraine is being instigated abroad as well. The West, which discovered the new Ukraine of the anti-corruption Euromaidan in the winter of 2014, is now being fed with a biased picture of a hopelessly-corrupted fragile post-Soviet territory. The feeding is being done with the most active participation of Russia agents in the West, such as US Congress Representative Rohrabacher or French MP Thierry Mariani, and the English-language Kremlin media.

The same goes for the freedom of speech, a sensitive issue for both Ukraine and the West. This is now one of the central themes of the Opposition Bloc – a group of corrupt officials who once grabbed power in the Donbas in the 1990s precisely by “pacifying” the local journalists. As for the anti-corruption activists, their current” freedom of speech” rhetoric contributes to advocating for the revanchist media holdings, which happily give them air time to instigate corruption despair in Ukraine.

“Grant-eaters”

Another group of Moscow’s useful idiots in Ukraine are left-liberal recipients of certain Western aid-sponsored NGOs pushing pacifist and cosmopolitan propaganda. They are increasingly opposed to the Ukrainian army and nationalists, de facto associating themselves with the Russian aggressor. Among the agenda pursued is a campaign against so-called hate speech in the media, actually directed against fact-checking, freedom of speech and “for” censorship. In wartime all this could only stimulate chaos and healthy protest against such an assistance to Kremlin, rather than promote liberal values.

Need we remind that the anti-war movement was created by the Soviet KGB during the Cold War – and is now actively used in Russian hybression in the West, where figures with proven Kremlin ties resort to pacifist populism, not only among the left progressives but also the far right. Both wings of “fighters for peace” are widely represented, for example, among the guests of the Russia Today, a Russia state television outlet.

“Poroshenko bots”

Anticorruption euro-liberals are the most powerful, but not the only chaos-generating group in Ukrainian society. The public discourse is also being manipulated by their opponents, proponents of Poroshenko who are sometimes labeled as “Poroshenko bots,” and are particularly active in social media. Intellectuals serving the government employ several toxic political ideas, first of all, the dichotomous meme “betrayal-victory.” This super-cynical communication tactic was designed to calm down the public about the Minsk Peace Process and other failures of the Poroshenko administration by absurdizing any criticism of failures. In the reality of war, however, a deliberate devaluation of the “betrayal” and “victory” moral concepts causes depression and the dual reaction of the majority’s apathy and the minority’s radicalization. At the same time, this very “Poroshenko bot” scene makes attempts to bully the liberal anti-corruption figures for their perceived lack of patriotism.

Another, more primitive and equally-damaging “Poroshenko bot” strategy, is producing myths about the West’s so far non-existent non-military counteroffensive on Russia, the so-called Anaconda Plan of gradually strangling Putin’s regime, or the predicted death of oil and gas economy. The purpose of this manipulation is similar to the “betrayal-victory” meme: to justify Poroshenko’s absurd “peace plan” by creating the illusion that the West will fix everything instead of Ukraine. This leads two chaos-inducing outcomes. On the one hand, contextual manipulations result in the indirect denial of a real military threat from Russia. On the other hand, if the West has everything under control anyway, why wouldn’t Ukraine just call snap parliamentary and presidential elections right now like the opposition demands, in the midst of war?

Ukrainian far-right and neo-Nazis

The oldest group of Russia’s useful idiots are the Ukrainian far-right and neo-Nazis. Their answers to the war in Donbas, the crisis of the liberal West, and capitalism might be sincere, but they are mostly absurd and useful for the Kremlin. Their use of Nazi symbols is incompatible with Ukraine’s defense against the “Russian world,” as the Russian Federation is a Third Reich reincarnation in almost every detail. Communist methods of “direct action,” such as threats of violence and intimidation that Ukrainian far-right groups use every day, are abhorrent to defending the Motherland (or Nation) in the modern world.

A Kremlin-controlled crisis

What we have in Ukraine is a long-running controlled political crisis. It is controlled by Kremlin. It’s an ongoing, outside-spun spinning top of endless accusations and insults that sometimes generates uniquely absurd points. For example, some known public activists actually accused President Poroshenko of assassinating Belarusian-Ukrainian journalist Pavlo Sheremet, a claim unsupported by evidence.

A country chaotized with infighting is an ideal target for external aggression. This applies to Russia’s attack on not just Ukraine.

The Kremlin’s interference with West’s politics is also focused on fomenting a civil conflict, not on bringing Moscow agents to power, nor on establishing a pro-Russia consensus.

Kremlin has sought and, in some countries, achieved, a paralysis of elites caused by intensive, endless discussion of false dilemmas, or issues polarizing society. The most important case of this chaotization is the new US president Donald Trump. The Trump Factor is designed to stir domestic instability in America, thus creating anxiety and “vacuum of influence” worldwide. The vacuum, that the Putin Empire hopes to fill in.

Similarly, the Ukraine society is being “helped” to fixate on domestic problems and disregard the true scale of the threat from Kremlin. First of all, this virtually paralyzes Ukraine’s ability to defend itself from a brazen aggressor. The uncivil debate and mutual accusations about, at times, negligible issues, distract the attention of many from the fact that Russia is trying to destroy our statehood at all, to enslave Ukrainians forever. There is another grave threat from the chaotizing of the Ukraine elites: the public can respond to this chaos with weapons and blood.


About authors: Mykhailo BASARAB and Maksym SERDIUK are analysts in Ukraine with Korner Solutions. Both have in political and social studies, as well as in communications, election, crisis, and risk consulting. Mykhailo Basarab is also a regular guest commentator for various Ukraine media.

This article was translated and annotated by Yuliya Shpak and Maksym Serdiuk. The text has been shortened by Euromaidan editors to fit the site’s article format.


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Translated by: Yuliya Shpak, Maksym Serdiuk
Edited by: Yuri Zorya

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  • Screwdriver

    “The oldest group of Russia’s useful idiots are the Ukrainian far-right and neo-Nazis.”
    I love it ! :-)

    • veth

      Like you, old nazzi, Russians are all nazzies.

      • Screwdriver

        “Russians are all nazzies” – Typical Nazi statement, thanks for confirming who you are.

        • veth

          WHEN PUTLER ORDERED THE INVASION OF DONBASS AND CRIMEA ALL THE RUSSIAN NAZZIES SMILED.

          • Screwdriver

            ALL smiled, right ?

          • Rafael Hernandez

            Typical Hiltlerish propaganda by veth and all the other russophobes here

          • Rafael Hernandez

            It was locals that wanted to be free of the nazi regime in Kiev that smiled. As you know only Ukrainians, especially western Ukrainians endorse fascism

      • Dirk Smith
        • veth

          Is that Screwdriver, the nazzi?

          • zorbatheturk

            All RuSSians are Na zis.

          • veth

            All nazzies are Russians

    • veth

      Funny, that arrested Russian Army soldiers are wearing swastika’s.

  • Screwdriver

    Meanwhile in Ukraine:
    Солідні іноземці за 40, переважно із Тучеччини, в четвер прибували в аеропорт Запоріжжя чи Харкова, де на них уже чекав трансфер до Дніпра. За легендою, всі вони приїздили на наукові конференції. Як з’ясувалося, в програму «конференції» було включене лише одне питання – секс-розваги.
    Співробітники управління боротьби зі злочинами пов’язаними з торгівлею людьми ГУНП в Дніпропетровській області спільно з Дніпропетровською місцевою прокуратурою № 2 в рамках відпрацювання оперативної інформації виявили, перекрили та ліквідували канал секс-туризму на території Дніпра.
    «Незаконний бізнес організував громадянин Азербайджану 1991 року народження, який має постійний вид на проживання в Україні. Під вигаданими приводами, як то наукові конференції, зустрічі в рамках міжнародної співпраці чи обміну досвідом, іноземці прилітали в Україну. Їх зустрічали в аеропортах Запоріжжя чи Харкова та перевозили у Дніпро. На місці «науковців» розселяли в готельно-ресторанних комплексах міста та знайомили з «програмою» перебування. За бажанням іноземців, дівчат їм привозили за місцем поселення чи везли до місця, де чоловіки могли вибрати дівчат, з якими бажають провести секс-тур. Деякі туристи навіть включали у свій стислий графік перебування екскурсію по місту з обраним гідом»,- розповів заступник начальника відділу управління боротьби зі злочинами, пов’язаними з торгівлею людьми Роман Захаров.
    За словами поліцейського, вартість такого туру для іноземців складала декілька тисяч доларів США та включала переважно чотири дні з четверга по неділю. Вже відомо, що до надання секс-послуг було залучено близько трьох десятків дівчат віком від 18 до 25 років.
    «Сума самої послуги залежала від тривалості спілкування з дівчатами та особливостей надання секс-послуги і доходила до 3,5 тисяч гривень. Тисячу з них забирав організатор, а решта йшла дівчатам. Всі «туристи» доволі таки заможні люди. У себе на батьківщині вони, зазвичай, мають сім’ї, а сюди приїздили «відпочити» на вихідні», – додав Роман Захаров.

  • ak47
  • veth

    Plans are afoot in the Kremlin to replace the leaders of the Russian-occupied territories in the Donbas, Oleksandr Zakharchenko in Donetsk and Igor Plotnitsky in Luhansk, according to several sources.

    Replace aka the bullet Russian style………….

  • veth

    No compromises on Ukraine’s sovereignty over Crimea – Ukraine’s envoy to EU Ukraine’s Ambassador to the EU, Mykola Tochytskyi, in his op-ed published by Euroactiv, in his response to a last week’s piece

    “Here’s what a realistic Ukraine settlement may look like” by Josh Cohen, first carried by Reuters, says the aggressor must not be appeased.

    19:10, 13 September 2017

    bykvu.com “The recent op-ed by Josh Cohen promotes ideas of settlement that not only ignore Ukraine’s sovereign choice but are hardly compliant with the fundamental principles of international law,” Tochytskyi wrote on Euroactiv. Cohen’s call to the U.S. not to consider the possibility of supplying defensive weapons to Ukraine and take off the table the issue of possible future Ukraine’s NATO membership because it would inevitably lead to retaliation by Moscow in Donbas, Syria, North Korea, Afghanistan, Kaliningrad or elsewhere “could be seen as a usual short-sighted narrative of appeasing the aggressor”, according to the Ukrainian diplomat. Tochytskyi recalls that the non-bloc status of Ukraine back in 2014 did not prevent Russia from launching an aggression against its neighbor country. Since then, more than 11,000 Ukrainians lost their lives, about 25,000 have been wounded, 7% of Ukrainian territory has been occupied, and 20% of its economic potential has been lost. “But Ukraine withstood and defended itself,” the Ukrainian official stressed. “With overwhelming support by Ukrainians for European and Euro-Atlantic integration, it would be wise not to speculate on the issue of possible future membership but leave it to the sovereign choice and decision of Ukraine and the member states,” wrote Tochytskyi, adding that “what struck me the most in the article was the cynical idea to elaborate a formula for shared sovereignty over Crimea or Russian payment to Ukraine for the occupied territory.” He also condemned the idea to “ease sanctions against Russia while offering Ukraine assistance in rebuilding the Donbas region.” “The territorial integrity of Ukraine is not a bargaining chip. Ukrainian society which went through the Revolution of Dignity and three years of fighting against external aggression simply will not accept any idea of so called ‘shared sovereignty’ over Crimea or financial compensation for the occupation,” he wrote. The diplomat emphasizes that there is “no other option than to build the solution to the Crimean issue on the basis of the norms and principles of international law, respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.” “The Russian aggression began with the brutal occupation of Crimea and this is where it should come to its end,” he wrote. The only possible settlement agreeable to Ukraine is restoring the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine over Crimea which can be done by launching an international mechanism of de-occupation as initiated by the President of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, with the aim of Russia’s peaceful withdrawal from Crimea, according to Tochytskyi. “To this end, we have to use all available instruments of international law, international courts and arbitrages, monitoring mechanisms, international organisations and fora,” he wrote. “The fact that Russia has been recognised as an occupying power by the majority of the UN member states, as well as the consistent implementation by the EU of its non-recognition policy gives us confidence in the overwhelming support by our international partners.” Noting that the Crimean peninsula has become a grey zone for human rights and a territory of fear, the Ukrainian envoy to the EU says that the “repression of Crimean Tatars and Ukrainians who do not recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea continues.” Among the recent appalling examples is the sentencing of the Deputy Chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People, Ahtem Ciygoz, by the occupation authorities, to 8 years in jail for protesting against Russia’s takeover of Crimea. “Obviously Russia is not going to leave Crimea on its own. We have to make it do so. We should step up international diplomatic and political pressure on the aggressor to restore Ukraine’s sovereignty over Crimea and to release dozens of Ukrainian political prisoners prosecuted by Russia,” Tochytskyi wrote. “Expanding sanctions towards the participants of faked elections in the occupied territory of Crimea and Sevastopol as well as to those responsible for grave human rights violations should be in our toolkit.” Admitting that the it “could probably be a long way”, the diplomat remains positive that “only by bringing Russia back to the norms and principles of international law and by not giving up our common values we could safeguard peace, security and stability in the region.” “What would be the alternative? A chaos and domination of force over the international law,” Tochytskyi concludes.

    Read more on UNIAN: https://www.unian.info/politics/2132171-no-compromises-on-ukraines-sovereignty-over-crimea-ukraines-envoy-to-eu.html

  • veth

    Russia must withdraw all weapons and mercenaries from the Donbas before the deployment of a UN peacekeeping force there, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin has said in an interview with Ukrinform.
    “We familiarized the UN Security Council and all partners with the logic of our position. It lies in the fact that Russia, with all weapons and mercenaries, must withdraw from the Donbas, an international contingent must enter there and, accordingly, a transitional period should begin, so that the Donbas a hundred percent returns to the Ukrainian legal field and not only. Of course, there can be no question of legitimizing the Russian protectorate and territorial limitations of the mandate of the mission. It should cover the entire occupied territory and the uncontrolled section of the Ukrainian-Russian border,” he said.

    • Fortranz

      “- Russia must withdraw all weapons and mercenaries from the Donbas before the deployment of a UN peacekeeping force there,-”

      Further, Russia must disband all separatist government(s) of the Donetsk and Luhansk and Crimea Oblasts,and return there government(s) to locally elected government officials freely elected by the Donetsk and Luhansk and Crimea Oblasts people(s).

  • Fortranz

    “- the so-called regionnaires (former operatives of the Yanukovych’s Party of Regions, now mostly grouped in the Opposition Bloc party) were allowed to become full-fledged political actors after the revolution. This should raise suspicions, considering the extent they are influenced by Kremlin. They became a suspiciously comfortable opposition to the Poroshenko administration. The regionnaires remain a powerful factor of absurdity and, most of all, an irritating motivator for anti-institutional, spontaneously-violent patriotic protests.-“

    Western Democracies are societies in which both internal [domestic anti-government groups] and external threats [Soviet Imperialism] that seek its end, appear [or are made to appear] to be fighting for legitimate aims. While casting its defenders [USA, EU, UK, Canada, Australia, NATO etc.] as repressive reactionaries. Even the internal forces of peace, reconciliation and legitimacy of the Western Democracies are discredited and paralyzed by the Western Democracies themselves. Through Western Democracies own and Soviet corruption of freedom of speech, of internal and external excessive self-criticism, denial and self-doubt and political compromise of Western Democracies legitimate aims.
    [Observations of Soviet corruption campaign(s) of anti-Communists in 1980’s]

    “- Rebuffing Russian hybression is an issue where the government ignored public demands the most. This is less about a military response to Russia’s invasion (Ukraine was obviously not ready for that) than about the political and legal reaction of the state to the annexation of the Crimea and Russian-led separatist takeover of the Donbas. Instead of an adequate assessment of reality and proper international legal action, the government responded to the Russian invasion with the plan of a “peaceful settlement” of the conflict with so-called separatists, thus accepting the qualification of the war as an internal conflict, an anti-terrorist operation. The absurd Minsk agreements became the quintessence of the inconsistent and contradictory “Poroshenko Peace Plan,” which was actually imposed by the enemy.-“

    Ironic, 37 years have pasted and the West is still almost deaf as to how the Russian propaganda machine corrupts its governments.

    When will we ever learn?

  • zorbatheturk

    RuSSia is Scum.

  • Tony

    Regarding psychological warfare of the enemy, don’t put up with it. Jail the channel 112 guys and their friends, it’s war after all.
    As for the others, force them to broadcast 30 minute lessons on critical thinking during prime time, it’s a gift that will keep on giving.