Oleg Sentsov. Photo: Anton Naumlyuk
Multiple filmmakers and cultural actors around the world (including Pussy Riot’s Maria Alyokhina) are mobilizing for the Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov. The latter was arrested in May 2014, a few days after the annexation of the Crimea, under the charge of “preparing terrorist acts” and sentenced in August 2015 to 20 years of imprisonment under a strongly contested trial. This is an English translation of their appeal, originally published on liberation.fr.
“I spent two years in prison for a song about Putin. Oleg Sentsov never sang a song, but he received a 20-year sentence from the court. Oleg Sentsov is a Ukrainian film director, whom the [Russian] government has accused of terrorism for allegedly attempting to detonate a Lenin’s monument in the Crimea. Oleg is 40 years old and has two children left without a father.
20 years in prison in Russia means death! It is obvious that Sentsov did not detonate the monument, his ‘fault’ is simply to be a Crimean citizen who openly denounced the situation of the annexation. I am convinced that the release of Sentsov is a common cause. This artist should be free. And as I said on the occasion of the European Film Awards: A united community can make a difference. That’s why I ask you to stand up and defend Oleg.”
– Maria Alyokhina (Pussy Riot), on the occasion of the 29th European Film Awards in Wroclaw, Poland on 10 December 2016.
On 2 December 2016, Russian cultural figures urged President Vladimir Putin to protect the creative freedom and freedom of expression of artists.
In reply, Mr. Putin reminded that the artists had to be careful and not “to exceed the limits,” that is, not to offend religious feelings. He then referred to the 2015 attack on Charlie Hebdo as an example of the danger of offending religious feelings.
But he also added that “there is a very narrow line between dangerous buffoonery and freedom of expression.”
Sokurov, who won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in 2011 for his film Faust, reacted sharply: “Who will then protect the atheists?”
He addressed Putin and demanded the release of Oleg Sentsov:
“He has to compete with me at film festivals, not to sit in our Arctic prison,” said Sokurov. “It’s a shame, it’s sad.”
Unshakable, Putin insisted that the court had found Sentsov guilty of preparing terrorist attacks and had been convicted by the courts.
The so-called “trial” was denounced by Human Rights Watch as “stalinist” because Oleg and his co-accused Oleksandr Kolchenko were kidnapped in Crimea a few weeks after its annexation by Moscow and were imprisoned in Russia. In order to be able to judge them, the Russian authorities have forced them to uptake the Russian nationality, while neither of them never asked for it and continuously asserted their Ukrainian nationality. “I’m not a serf to be transferred with the land,” shouted Sentsov at the end of his trial, feeling utterly outraged.
As no real evidence has been adduced, this conviction is based on testimony obtained by the FSB (ex-KGB) through intimidation and despite the demands of lawyers for a fair trial, none of the accusations of torture of witnesses were investigated.The “tendency” to incarcerate artists in Russia arose with the tightening of control on the national political scene following the 3rd election of Putin in 2012.
The members of punk band Pussy Riot were arrested in 2012. Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova spent nearly two years in jail for “hooliganism motivated by religious hatred.”
In 2015, the artist Piotr Pavlensky was imprisoned. He spent seven months behind bars until a court ordered his release last June after the mobilization of public opinion.
Many other cases exist.
France is the friend of Russian civil society and its artists. The current political regime is dangerously attacking fundamental freedoms and make use of intimidation to create the fear of being imprisoned, calling into question the very principle of democracy in Russia. Artists are the free voices of a society.
Today more than ever, we ask our government to assert strongly the freedom of expression and the artists’ role in the society. France cannot remain deaf, blind and mute, we must remind the Kremlin that it must respect its obligations under the Minsk agreement and to release Sentsov, Kolchenko, and all Ukrainians illegally detained.
We also ask our candidates to the presidential election who wish to engage in a closer relationship with the leader of the Kremlin to express clearly their opinion and their position on Mr.Putin’s remarks regarding the limitations of the rights of artists for the freedom of expression and creativity, especially when they take religion as a subject for exercising their art.
We, filmmakers, artists, cultural actors and citizens are totally outraged by such statements on the freedoms of expression and creativity and are revolted about the situation of Oleg and all the artists or opponents illegally imprisoned in Russia.
At the initiative of Cinéorama, Mylène Ollivier, Cyril Cadars; The EFA (European Academy of Cinema); The ARP (Civil Society for Perception and Distribution of Authors, Producers and Independent Producers); SACD (Society of Dramatic Authors and Composers); Scam (Civil Society of Multimedia Authors); The SRF (Film Producers’ Society); The SPI (Union of Independent Producers).
Among the first signatories:
Marie Amachoukeli, Julie Bertuccelli, Stéphane Brizé, Alice Diop, Jacques Fansten, Mahamat-Saleh Haroun, Michel Hazanavicius, Agnès Jaoui, Pascale Ferran, Bertrand Tavernier
In June 2014, in a movement initiated by the Board of Directors of the European Academy of Cinema, European filmmakers including Pedro Almodovar, Ken Loach, Mike Leigh, Aki Kaurismaki, Stephen Daldry, Bertrand Tavernier and Wim Wenders called on President Vladimir Putin to release him failing to charge him for real charges. They also called on the Russian government to conduct a “prompt, thorough and impartial investigation into this visibly arbitrary investigation by the FSB (ex-KGB).” In August 2015, on the initiative of the Board of Directors of the European Film Academy, another letter was sent to the Russian authorities requesting the immediate release of Oleg. On 10 December 2016, during the 29th European Film Awards in Wroclaw, Poland, Maria Alyokhina of punk band Pussy Riot whose members were imprisoned for criticizing Russian President Vladimir Putin called for the release of Oleg Sentsov.