Article by: Ukrainian parliament and Polish Sejm
Euromaidan Press publishes the full text of the Declaration of Memory and Solidarity which is to be jointly adopted by Ukraine, Poland, and Lithuania. On 20 October, it was adopted in the Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada by 243 votes (out of 226 necessary) and the Polish Sejm. Earlier, it was envisioned that the Lithuanian Seimas will vote for this document together with Ukraine and Poland, but the newly elected parliament will start its work only in the second half of December. Thus, references to Lithuania were removed from the Declaration for now.
Verkhovna Rada speaker Andriy Parubiy said that the document is an answer to Russian aggression against Ukraine, Poland, and the entire western world when presenting the Declaration.
The Declaration stresses that both countries experienced tragedies through Russia’s imperial policies, in particular – through the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which led to the start of World War II and the occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the USSR in September 1939.
The document also condemns Russia’s current occupation of territories of Ukraine and underlines the necessity for a joint commitment to measures towards the restoration of the territorial integrity of Ukraine, as well to protect a United Europe from external aggression.
DECLARATION OF MEMORY AND SOLIDARITY
by the Sejm of the Republic of Poland and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
Guided by the spirit of solidarity among the peoples of Poland and Ukraine;
Acting in the spirit of strategic partnership between the Republic of Poland and Ukraine;
Stressing our unwavering commitment to the fundamental principles of international law and to the common defense of the national sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability of the borders of each of our countries;
Recalling the great historic sacrifice of our nations to defend their freedom and independence;
Striving to defend freedom and ensure that our nations live in dignity within a united Europe;
We, representatives of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine,
Jointly and simultaneously adopt this Declaration of Memory and Solidarity to pay homage to the memory of millions of victims of our nations during World War II and to condemn external aggressors who attempted to destroy our national independence,
Note the fact that the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact concluded on 23 August 1939 between two totalitarian regimes – the Communist USSR and Nazi Germany – led to the outbreak of the Second World War caused by the aggression of Germany that was joined by the Soviet Union on 17 September 1939. As a consequence of those events, Poland was occupied by Germany and the Soviet Union, followed by mass-scale repressions against our peoples. These events also led to the approval of decisions in Yalta in 1945, which ushered in a new stage in enslaving the entire Eastern and Central Europe, which lasted for half a century,
Remember that it was the weakness of international response to the rise of totalitarian and chauvinistic ideologies and the absence of necessary response towards aggressors flouting international law, as well as the policy of appeasement that encouraged the aggression of the Communist and Nazi regimes and the ensuing re-division of Europe,
Pay homage to the millions of victims of aggression and occupation of our lands by the communist Soviet Union and Nazi Germany,
Remember the heroic resistance of Polish and Ukrainian anti-Communist and anti-Nazi forces who laid a moral foundation for the restoration of independence of our countries,
Believe in the need to strengthen unbiased historical research and to restrain those forces that provoke controversy in our countries,
Highlight that the aggressive foreign policy of the Russian Federation, the Russian occupation of Crimea, implementation and support by the Kremlin of the military intervention in eastern Ukraine, the violation of the fundamental norms of international law and treaties concluded with Ukraine, the failure by Russia to honour its agreements and its hybrid information war are posing a threat to peace and security in the whole of Europe,
Express our solidarity with the entire Ukrainian people, including Crimean Tatars, in this period of great trial,
Underline the joint commitment to measures towards a peaceful settlement of the conflict in the east of Ukraine and the restoration of its territorial integrity,
Emphasize the need for cohesive actions in the framework of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation against new threats and express support to a deeper cooperation between the Alliance and Ukraine as well as to Ukraine’s strategic goal of becoming a NATO member,
Urge all European partners to demonstrate unity and international solidarity to protect a United Europe from external aggression,
Urge all peoples of the entire Europe to remember the causes and consequences of World War II and to make joint efforts to defend security and freedom.