First public photos of Russian-run Donetsk concentration camp leaked online

Source: RFE/RL, #1
Source: RFE/RL, #2
Translated by: Yuri Zoria

Editor’s Note

Izolyatsia (“isolation” or “insolation”) is the name of an art center that emerged at the deserted Insolation Materials Plant in the East-Ukrainian city of Donetsk a few years before the Russian invasion of the region. In 2014 amid the then-unfolding occupation of the Ukrainian region, Russian-hybrid forces seized Izolyatsia and established a secret prison on the center’s premises.

The jail remains active to this day. “People who were unlucky to end up there now call the location a torture chamber, a concentration camp, or even hell,” the online newspaper Ukrayinska Pravda wrote earlier.

Despite a lot of testimonies of former prisoners, up until now only the “before-images” of Izolyatsia were available online that showed it as still an art center or a plant.

Now, the anonymous Telegram channel @traktorist_dn has published several post-2014 photos of the prison allegedly taken in 2017-2018, and multiple pages of the prison’s visitor log dated as 2016. The photos feature neither guards nor prisoners, only locations and equipment of the so-called “MGB DNR” (the Russian-run “Ministry of State Security of the Donetsk People’s Republic”).

The following text is the abridged translations of two articles by RFE/RL’s Donbas.Realii supplemented by additional images published on the mentioned Telegram channel.

Donetsk-based Izolyatsia illegal prison. The map is based on a hand-drawn plan by former hostage Oleh held in Izoliatsia who was interviewed by Ukrainska Pravda, the colored diamond markers are added according to data by another former hostage Dmytro Potekhin.

Cells, torture tools, and the yard: these are the first-ever public photos of the Russian-hybrid-forces-run Izolyatsia prison. The photo was posted by the anonymous Donetsk Tractorist channel on 27 January.

The fact that the photos really depict Izolyatsia was confirmed by Stanislav Aseyev, a journalist and expert of the Ukrainian Institute of the Future, who was imprisoned there for 2.5 years,

“Now you can see unique shots: a photo showing the general view of the Izolyatsia premises, cells for prisoners (the first floor with prison bars), and the exercise yard surrounded by barbs, where we were taken out in the mornings for 5-7 minutes. … It seems that those who still have brains in its administration have finally realized that this subject is going to turn for them in the near future into international investigation and a trial on our [Ukrainian] part, and ‘nullifying’ them by their FSB ‘brothers,’ in this case. So they decided to earn an indulgence. UPD: Plus a photo of a table for torture in the basement, with Scotch tapes and tapik,” Stanislav Aseev wrote (the “tapik” is an old-school military field phone Ta-57, widely used for electrocuting prisoners by Russian-hybrid forces in the Donbas, – Ed.).

Current view of former Donetsk art center Izolyatsia situated on the premises of an old industrial area that was turned into a prison by Russian occupation forces back in 2014. Source: Telegram channel @traktorist_dn.

Basement corridor at Izolyatsia, Donetsk. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Makeshift torture chamber at Izolyatsia with a military field telephone Ta-57 on the table used as a high-voltage electricity source for electrocuting prisoners. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

An “exercise yard” at Izolyatsia, Donetsk. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Inside a prisoner cell at Izolyatsia, Donetsk. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Inside a prisoner cell at Izolyatsia, Donetsk. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Torture chamber for Izolyatsia prisoners. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Torture chamber for Izolyatsia prisoners. The photo shows empty Scotch tape rolls and a pile of tape used to immobilize prisoners, on the right there is a bag with Ta-57 telephone. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Editor’s Note

This is how the Izolyatsia looked prior to the war when it was a factory and then as an art center:

Cover of Izolyatsia prisoner’s visitor log titled, “Log for registering visits to the detained by SSO MGB DNR” (i.e. “SOF of Donetsk People’s Republic’s Ministry of State Security”) . Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

The first page of Izolyatsia visitor log with the first record dated 4 June 2016. The log records include names or call signs of visitors, prisoner names, and dates of the beginning and end of the visits. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

A page of Izolyatsia visitor log showing records of prison visits in January-February 2017. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Prisoners often call it a modern concentration camp. Prior to the Russian aggression, the center of contemporary art Izolyatsia operated in the shops of the former insulation materials plant in Donetsk. Russian-controlled groups seized its premises in 2014. Later, according to prisoners and hostages who returned to free Ukraine in prisoner swaps, a prison was established at Izolyatsia, and there are dozens of testimonies of torture there.

Recently, users of the Russian Wikipedia tried to remove the Russian-language article Izolyatsia (Prison) because of the Ukrainian sources cited by its authors. This article is still being proposed for deletion.

The Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine has been investigating criminal cases over the events in this place. In late 2020, according to Zera Kozlieva, deputy head of the department for overseeing the investigation of crimes committed during the armed conflict, one of the militants with the call sign Palych, who was the prison commandant, was declared a suspect. According to ex-prisoners, his real name is Denis Kulikovsky.

A Russian T-72 tank hidden in one of Izolyatsia buildings. The “DNR’s MGB” also uses former industrial shops of Izolyatsia to hide its heavy military equipment. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Rear view of the Russian T-72 tank hidden in one of Izolyatsia buildings. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Former prisoners confirmed the authenticity of the photos published on the Telegram channel “Донецкий Тракторист” (“Donetsk tractor driver”).

The blogger claims that his goal is to shut down Izolyatsia. Former prisoners believe that representatives of the prison administration are behind the “leak” of the photographs, and members of the Trilateral Contact Group (TCG a.k.a. the Minsk Group that deals with negotiating peace for the East-Ukrainan wartorn areas, – Ed.) admit that the prison has become too toxic even for the Russian-controlled administration of Donetsk.

Two BMP-2 IFVs hidden at Izolyatsia. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Even the very name of the telegram channel – “Donetsk Tractor Driver” – is making fun of Russian propaganda. In response to accusations of using Russian troops in the Donbas against Ukraine, Russian President Vladimir Putin said back in 2015 that yesterday’s miners and tractor drivers were allegedly fighting for Donetsk.

Now, one of those “tractor drivers” has decided to shed light on one of the most secret sites in the part of the Donbas, which is not controlled by the government of Ukraine today.

Unidentified armored vehicle, and two military Kamaz trucks at Izolyatsia. In the background, two BTR personnel carriers can be also seen. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Three military Ural trucks, three Kamaz trucks and an unidentified vehicle at Izolyatsia. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

The author of the anonymous telegram channel told Radio Donbas.Realii that he himself was detained in one of the illegal prisons of the DNR group. His main goal today, he says, is to shut down secret prisons in Donetsk, and he promises to maintain his telegram channel as far as he has such an opportunity. He also says to be in touch with prisoners in Donetsk prisons now.

Only someone of the secret prison’s warders or an employee of the so-called MGB can publish such photographs, according to another former prisoner of Russian hybrid forces, Stanislav Pechonkin. The publication of photographs is not an initiative of a “Robin Hood”, he said to Donbas.Realia.

“This is not a riot within the system. Most likely, this is some kind of clan confrontation. There is no unity. When I was held hostage, even I heard information about the confrontation between the special operations service, the base of which is Izolyatsia, and, say, the anti-terrorism department. And so on,” says Pechonkin.

The real goals of the Telegram channel are going to remain secret and it’s not worth thinking that a prisoner of Izolyatsia could have taken the photographs – the hostages have no equipment to take them and they have no way to transfer them, says Pechonkin.

A seized long haul truck at Izolyatsia. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Internally displaced Donetsker Denis Kazanskyi, a member of the Ukrainian delegation to TCG believes that, judging by the Telegram channel, the Izolyatsia prison has become too toxic even for the Kremlin.

“At Izolyatsia, as you may know, there are not only Ukrainian soldiers and people with a pro-Ukrainian attitude but also many people who were simply ‘appointed’ as spies and Ukrainian agents. Including even those who fought ‘on the DNR side’ – the militants themselves,” Kazansky commented to Donbas.Realii.

Kazansky believes that some DNR member doesn’t like the existence of such a secret prison and now they are trying to draw attention to it with the help of publications in order to shut down the prison.

“These photographs could have been taken by a person who came there with an inspection. Or someone who came to settle about some prisoner. But in any case, this is an attempt to raise a topic that is inconvenient for the DNR members and to force them to shut down Izolyatsia,” he says.

Whitewashed curbs and trees outside the prison buildings. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Whitewashed curbs and trees outside the prison buildings. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

Whitewashed curbs and trees outside the prison buildings. Photo: Telegram/traktorist_dn

At the moment, Ukrainian law enforcement officers have identified five people who committed crimes in Izolyatsia, says Andrey Leshchenko, head of the Prosecutor General Office’s department for supervision of criminal offenses committed in the context of an armed conflict. In total, according to law enforcement officials, there were about fifty such people.

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Source: RFE/RL, #1
Source: RFE/RL, #2
Translated by: Yuri Zoria

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