Russian fighter jet blasted Ukrainian ships with unguided missiles in Azov Sea, SBU claims

Russian jets over Kerch bridge hours before attack on Ukrainian ships

Russia's Su-25 fighter jets cruising over the Kerch bridge while a Russian oil-tank ship blocked passage for three Ukrainian boats. Kerch Strait, 25 November 2018. Photo: 

Russian Aggression

Translated by: Yuri Zoria

On its press briefing in Kyiv on November 29, the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) made public the intercepted communications between Russian aircraft pilots which took part in the attack on Ukrainian Navy ships on 25 November, before they were seized and 24 sailors imprisoned. The intercepts appear to show that a Russian fighter jet and a military helicopter blasted the three ships with unguided missiles. Note: this article has been updated to include a comment by Andras Racz, security analyst at the Hungarian policy think tank Political Capital.

Read also: Russian attack on Ukrainian ships near Kerch Strait – full chronology

Russian 25 November attack on Ukrainian ships

On its YouTube channel, the SBU shared the corresponding records presented by SBU Deputy Head Oleh Frolov at the briefing.

SBU operatives “used technical means to access the talks of the crews of the Russian Su-30 jet and the Ka-52 helicopter with their command center,” Frolov reported.

Editor’s Note

The video filmed by construction workers of the Kerch railway bridge shows one of Russia’s Ka-52 combat helicopters cruising over the Kerch bridge on 25 November, there were at least two of Ka-52’s, one of which subsequently hit Ukrainian boats with unguided missiles:

“These talks leave no doubt that the Russian military command deliberately ordered the use of weapons against Ukrainian ships,” said Oleh Frolov.

The recorded radio communication between a pilot of Russian Sukhoi Su-30SM fighter jet (call sign “509th”), a controller (call sign “Jumper”), and a Russian Navy ship (call sign “Mantilla”) happened on 25 November from 18:43 until 20:36.

Editor’s Note

The video shows a pair of Russia’s air support Su-25 jet aircraft flying over the Kerch bridge hours before the attack on Ukrainian vessels (according to SBU, Su-25’s didn’t hit the boats later, it was a Su-30 and a Ka-52, as well as seacrafts):

The controller provides the Su-30 pilot with the coordinates of the area where a Ukrainian ship is located, and “Mantilla” later gives the “coordinates of the target.”


“The work is done, using practically two [rockets],” reports “509th.”

The helicopter pilots (call signs “9-47” and “9-49”) received the coordinates also within the period from 19:12 to 21:42. They were first told: “Enter within the weapons range, don’t use weapons until further advised,” later the instructions were changed.

“9-47” reports four vessels spotted, two sitting and the other two moving toward them.

No order to use weapons is heard in the record, but it becomes clear by the reporting of the “expenditure of karandashi” (“pencils,” a military slang word for unguided missiles) – the 47th had none, the 49th shot away two.

The record ends at the question of the controller to the “9-47” helicopter pilot on how many “karandashi” they have left.

“This communication between the crews of the Su-30 jet and Ka-52 helicopters disclosed using weapons against Ukrainian Navy ships. The conversations clearly point to the usage of two ‘pencils’ as by Su-30, as by a Ka-52,” Frolov explained to journalists.

According to him, the aircraft purposefully used the weapons and returned to their places of permanent deployment.

“These talks leave no doubt that the Russian military command deliberately ordered the use of weapons against Ukrainian ships,” Oleh Frolov emphasized.

As reported earlier, during the attack on Ukrainian vessels in neutral waters near the annexed Crimea, Russian military and border guards fired for effect on Ukrainian Navy crews.

The invaders took captive 24 Ukrainian servicemen.

Editor’s Note

We have asked Andras Racz, security analyst at the Hungarian policy think tank Political Capital, to comment on whether it was possible for the jet and helicopter to have fired upon the ships without destroying them. According to Mr. Racz,

“It is perfectly possible. […] most probably, the Russian air units did not intend to actually destroy the Ukrainian ships and kill all the crews.
Had they intended to sink them, they would have fired a lot more missiles, and possible even used gunfire, particularly from the helicopter.
However, they fired altogether only four unguided missiles (two missiles from the Su-30, and another two from the helicopter.)
The radio transcript seems to support this assumption.

According to the radio transcripts, at 19:57 the Su-30 requested to be the first one to do the job, while it was still 24 kilometers from the target.
At 20:05 the Su-30 already reported that after firing two missiles, its job was done and it was already returning to the northern point.

Had the Su-30’s job been to destroy the Ukrainian ships, most probably it would have at least double-checked the results of its fire (thus would have realized that no, ships were not destroyed and were still afloat), hence probably would have fired a lot more than only two missiles.

Hence, for me, the transcript indicates that the Su-30’s mission was probably to fire live missiles as warning shots at the Ukrainian ships in order to stop them (damaging them a bit is not a problem), but not to destroy them. This would explain, why the altogether four missiles did not cause too much damage: they were not intended to do so.”

SBU reported that the three Ukrainian vessels and their crews – tugboat “Yany Kapu” and armored artillery cutters “Berdyansk” and “Nikopol” – came under six types of Russian attacks:

  • The Russian FSB border administration’s ship “Don” rammed small tugboat “Yany Kapu.” (Bellingcat found that “Ukrainian tug ‘Yany Kapu’ was intentionally rammed at least four times over a period of at least an hour.”)
  • The Russian SU-30 fighter jet fired two missiles against Ukrainian ships
  • K-52 helicopter launched two more rockets.
  • Ship-based large-caliber naval artillery armament was used.
  • Later Russian special forces assaulted the vessels and used physical violence against Ukrainian sailors.
  • “The sixth type of violence is still on – physical, moral and psychological pressure and illegal arrest of 24 servicemen,” says SBU.

“The fire targeted exactly the cockpit where Ukrainian sailors were located,” stressed Oleg Frolov.

Read more on the 25 November Russian attack on Ukrainian military boats and its consequences:

Read more on the earlier developments in the Sea of Azov:

Translated by: Yuri Zoria

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