Dozens of cultural actors in France appeal to free Sentsov and all Ukrainian political prisoners

 

Political prisoners

Editor’s Note

Intellectuals and cultural figures from around the world call upon western leaders to demand from Russian President Vladimir Putin to release Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and all Ukrainian political prisoners in an editorial in the French newspaper Le Monde. Among the signatories of the letter are such famous cultural figures as philosopher Slavoj Žižek, historian Galia Ackerman, vice president of the French Senate Davis Assouline, historian Alain Besançon, philosopher Pascal Bruckner, writer Emmanuel Carrère, politician Daniel Cohn-Bendit, director Jean-Pierre Dardenne, philosopher Michelle Eltchaninoff, director by Stefan Fokinos, essayist Raphaël Glucksmann, director Aki Kaurismyaki, director Wim Wenders and many other well-known people.

The letter was published in the wake of Vladimir Putin’s visit to Paris, 10 November. A large protest in support of Oleg Sentsov and all Ukrainian political prisoners is planned on the day.

In 1980, Andrei Sakharov was exiled in the closed city of Gorky, punished for having alerted the world to the danger that the USSR represented. Under house arrest and constantly monitored by the KGB, he was cut off from the world by the Soviets for several years, during which he carried out two hunger strikes and was tortured and force-fed through a tube by his captors. It was only thanks to perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (transparency), in 1986, that Mikhail Gorbachev ended his exile and his suffering.

This did not prevent another Russian dissident – Anatoly Marchenko – from dying in his cell the same year, on December 8th, 1986, after eleven years in prison and a hunger strike that lasted 117 days. His crime was having revealed, in a book, the harsh reality of work camps and Soviet prisons. As he put it: “The only possibility of fighting evil and lawlessness is to know the truth.”

This truth has cracked and broken down walls. The USSR became Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, the Baltic nations and others. And yet the filmmaker Oleg Sentsov began a hunger strike for the same reasons, on May 14th, 2018 – to alert the public to the evil and lawlessness he faced and to warn the world.

The truth is that, in the 21st century, Oleg Sentsov, a young filmmaker, father of two children and author of a film shown at some of the most prominent festivals in European cinema, disappeared on the May 10th, 2014, as he was leaving home, kidnapped by Russian secret police in his native Crimea, that piece of Ukraine brutally seized by Russia. The truth is that he was beaten and tortured, imprisoned in Russia and sentenced a year later to twenty years in prison, following a trial denounced as “Stalinist” by Amnesty International.

The truth is that almost seventy other Ukrainians are unjustly detained in Russia. They are mainly Crimean, many Tatars, and were kidnapped, like Oleg Sentsov, and forcibly given Russian citizenship so that they could be tried and imprisoned in Russia. Some are still awaiting trial, while many others received heavy sentences in high-security prisons, mostly following show trials based on information obtained through torture. Trials for “example”.

We may protest – and filmmakers have certainly turned out across the world, including in Russia, despite clear risks. Yet Vladimir Putin will not budge. He knows by now that he will face no consequences. Mealy-mouthed responses from western democracies for 20 years that have allowed him free rein in Chechnya, Georgia, Crimea, and Syria. Why would Putin give in? No one has ever dared ask.

From the depths of his prison cell, Oleg Sentsov understood that he and the other Ukrainian hostages were alone. He decided to take charge of his fate and, with only his body as a weapon, began an unlimited hunger strike. To underline the political dimension of the strike, he demanded the liberation of all Ukrainian political prisoners in Russia, without requesting freedom for himself.

But his courageous gesture went far beyond that, because he insisted that Europe and the world not forget Ukraine, Crime and the Donbas. He warned us, as Marchenko and Sakharov once did about the USSR, of the dangers that Vladimir Putin’s Russia pose to the core values on which our democracies are built: freedom, mutual respect, and peace.

The European Parliament quite rightly gave, to the honorary citizen of the city of Paris Oleg Sentsov was already, the Sakharov Prize on October 23rd, along with this declaration from its President: “Through his courage and determination, by putting his life in danger, the filmmaker Oleg Sentsov has become a symbol of the struggle for the release of political prisoners held in Russia and around the world. By awarding him the Sakharov Prize, the European Parliament is expressing its solidarity with him and his cause. We ask that he be released immediately.”

We hope that this strong symbol will lead to concrete, strong acts from our political leaders.

Tomorrow, invited by Emmanuel Macron, one hundred heads of state – including Vladimir Putin – will come together in Paris to mark the hundredth anniversary of the armistice that ended the First World War.

While nationalism returns to the forefront of politics around the world and reminds us of the darkest days of the 20th century, we demand that democratic heads of state and government use the means at their disposal to hold Russia to account and force it to respect international law: there must be an inquiry in the UN Human Rights Council, the Minsk Accords must be expanded to allow an exchange of prisoners including Oleg Sentsov, and Russia must be condemned by the European Court of Human Rights, which has already stated it is competent to handle such a case.

If none of these avenues work, a law must be voted to allow the punishment of those who have put Oleg Sentsov in prison. A similar law already exists in many countries (the USA, Estonia, Lithuania, the United Kingdom and Canada, among others), and it is called the Magnitsky Act – named after one of Putin’s first victims. Europe should consider adopting it to heavily punish the jailors of Oleg Sentsov and the other Ukrainian hostages.

As we mark the 100th anniversary of the First World War, this day of peace among nations, we demand that democratic heads of state and government convince Vladimir Putin to free Oleg Sentsov and the other Ukrainian political prisoners, immediately and unconditionally.

He should let them go home.

Editor’s Note

Sentsov was arrested by the Russian FSB on 11 May 2014, shortly after the Russian occupation of Crimea. Together with three other Ukrainians, Oleksandr Kolchenko, Henadiy Afanasiev, and Oleksiy Chirniy he was illegally transferred to Russia and is being charged in “plotting terrorist acts.” These charges are entirely based on testimonies of Chirniy and Afanasiev, both of whom have stated that they were tortured by the FSB. On 31 July 2015, Afanasiev retracted his testimony, leaving the accusation in shatters, but the four activists were still sentenced to long terms in prison; of them, Sentsov was punished most heavily, having been sentenced to 20 years. Over the more than four years of his imprisonment, he has remained unbroken and had for 145 days held a hunger strike, demanding to release the circa 70 Ukrainian political prisoners of the Kremlin, who, like him, are imprisoned by Russia without a crime.

On 25 October 2018, Sentsov was awarded the Sakharov prize. He became the first Ukrainian in the history of the prize to receive this award. His lawyer and sister were invited to attend the awarding ceremony, which will take place on 12 December.

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