Statement of the Presidium of the Vaad of Ukraine in Response to the Letter of US Congressmen Concerning Anti-Semitism in Poland and Ukraine
US Democratic Party Congressman Ro Khanna has recently published a letter dated April 23 on his personal website. The 57 Congress representatives who signed the letter expressed their dismay over anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial.
The letter had wide social resonance. It was quoted, discussed and commented upon by many mass media in Ukraine and abroad.
To start, the letter contains a whole number of statements that do not correspond to reality, as well as incorrect formulations of phrases.
The very first paragraph contains a statement that clearly contradicts reality, alleging “state-sponsored Holocaust distortion and denial taking place in… Ukraine.”
We doubt that any of the congressmen who signed the letter could name a fact like that, too.
In the post-Soviet space, Ukraine makes the greatest effort to preserve the memory of Holocaust victims through teaching, researching, and memorialization. The state often joins this process, while local authorities give some very powerful examples of it.
The congressmen mention Poland’s new law making it a criminal offense to state that Poland as a state and Poles as a nation participated in the Holocaust (which, in our opinion, is totally misinterpreted in the letter). Along with it, they state, “Ukraine’s 2015 memory laws went even further by glorifying Nazi collaborators and making it a criminal offense to deny their ‘heroism’.”
This statement does not correspond to reality either. The Law of Ukraine Of the Legal Status and Honoring the Memory of Fighters for Ukraine’s Independence in the 20th Century says nothing about anyone’s heroism and suggests no responsibility for its denial.
We can even dispute the interpretation of this Law as glorifying anything.
In reality, the Law states the obvious – the fact that fighters for Ukraine’s independence fought for Ukraine’s independence. Neither does the Law make any collaborationist units part of its list of dozens of organizations and groups; it never mentions such units as the Galicia Division of the SS or the Nachtigall Abwehr Battalion, for example.
The policy of historical memory in today’s Ukraine is undergoing a difficult process of formation and the field is open for discussions.
The Law of the Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance on the Decommunization of Academic Historical Science raises a lot of critical remarks, which only confirms the openness of Ukraine, her civil society, education, and science. And do not imagine that Ukrainian society as a whole monolithically supports all the government decisions.
However, the letter implies that its authors consider the Ukrainian Insurgent Army “Nazi collaborators,” which of course is a freer interpretation of reality than one supported not only by historians but also by politicians.
However, the letter speaks of “state-sponsored Holocaust revisionism in Ukraine” as an irrefutable fact, moving on to the next subject – the statement that it “is accompanied by other forms of anti-Semitism.” Then, quoting the report of Israel’s Department of Diaspora Affairs, the congressmen state that “the whitewashing of these Ukrainian ‘heroes’ has coincided with the increasing incidence of anti-Semitism across Ukraine.” The report of Naftali Bennet’s office did speak of a twofold rise in the number of anti-Semitic incidents in Ukraine in 2017 as compared to the previous year.
Unfortunately, the congressmen rely on unreliable data. Israel’s Department of Diaspora Affairs conducted no monitoring of its own. In compiling their report, they relied on disparate stories in the mass media and social networks, so their report cannot be taken as a serious source of true information. In order to obtain true and full information on anti-Semitic manifestations in Ukraine, please refer to the monitoring of the Vaad of Ukraine. And our monitoring has registered no negative dynamics. Suffice it to say, not a single anti-Semitic incident of violence was registered in Ukraine throughout the year of 2017. Meanwhile, dozens of anti-Semitic attacks took place in many countries of Western Europe and the USA.
The results of the monitoring and analysis of anti-Semitic incidents in Ukraine offered by the Vaad of Ukraine for the past 15 years has become the basis of official reports of the US Department of State and the OSCE.
Apart from statements that do not correspond to reality, incorrect interpretations and use of false information, the letter surprises us with its surfacing at this particular time. The main part of the letter is devoted to discussing the laws of 2015 and their consequences. Please note that no significant changes in this area and no rise in the number of anti-Semitic incidents in Ukraine have been registered lately. Concerning Poland, a certain actualization is linked to the adoption of an amendment to the Law Of the Institute of National Memory in early February 2018 (which is also a bit late for such a reaction now).
On top of that, one may recall that when American congressmen wrote similar letters in 2009 and 2013, they were initiated by political technologists working for the Kremlin. This we can be sure of. And although we have no (perhaps, not yet) information as to who prompted the writing of this letter (for Ro Khanna is unlikely to have personally written it) and how exactly its signing was lobbied, we believe it quite possible that its appearance is part of a new wave of anti-Ukrainian propaganda of anti-Semitic speculations.
In connection with everything written above, the Vaad of Ukraine deems it necessary to state that:
- the letter signed by the congressmen contains statements and false accusations that do not correspond to reality;
- contrary to the letter, there is no state-sponsored Holocaust denial or heroization of the Nazis in Ukraine;
- there is no essential rise in anti-Semitism in Ukraine – not a single incident of anti-Semitic violence has been registered in Ukraine in the past two years.
- We consider this letter to be a piece of anti-Ukrainian defamation which is already in use by the propaganda sector of Russian Federation’s hybrid war on Ukraine.
- We urge all those interested in getting true information on anti-Semitism in Ukraine to contact the Vaad of Ukraine.
Presidium of the Vaad of Ukraine
Kyiv, 9 May 2018
As of March 2015, Vaad of Ukraine includes 266 organizations from 90 Ukrainian cities, including 52 religious communities, 50 urban communities, 13 social structures, 17 Jewish schools, 79 cultural organizations, 12 associations of ghetto and concentration camps, 10 youth organizations, 5 organizations – associate members. The Association represents these organizations at the Eurasian and World Jewish Congresses, at the World Zionist Organization.
Vaad of Ukraine is a co-founder of the Zionist Federation of Ukraine, the Jewish Confederation of Ukraine, the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress (EAJC), the Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (KNUU), the All-Ukrainian Charity Fund “Rehush Yehudi.” The Association publishes the newspaper “Hadashot” and is headed by Joseph Zisels.
An earlier version of this article referred to the Congressmen as Senators. In fact, they are members of the House of Representatives.