Georgia a victim not just of communism but also of Soviet occupation, memorialization reaffirms

Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili opening a new memorial to Georgian cadets killed fighting against the Red Army in February, 1921 at the Georgian National Defense Academy in Gori, Georgia. (Image: newsgeorgia.ge)

Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili opening a new memorial to Georgian cadets killed fighting against the Red Army in February, 1921 at the Georgian National Defense Academy in Gori, Georgia. (Image: newsgeorgia.ge) 

Analysis & Opinion, History

Since 1989 and 1991, it has become a commonplace in the analysis of formerly communist countries that those who viewed themselves as having been occupied by Moscow have had an easier time of making the transition toward more open political systems.

That is because, of course, those who viewed the old system as an occupation regime as well as a repressive system had a double reason for fighting for change while those who did not view it in that way often found the forces for change divided and confronted by others who did not see the two things as interconnected.

Thus, the countries of Eastern Europe – with the exception of some in the former Yugoslavia — and the three Baltic states all view themselves not only as having been communized but having been occupied by the Soviets as well. Not surprisingly, they have done far better than those countries which did not or do not share that perception.

That makes the way in which countries deal with their past in the 20th century a matter of extreme importance for the future. Some countries, like Azerbaijan, first emphasized the fact that they were occupied as well as communized and celebrated their earlier independence before it was crushed by the Red Army.

Others including even the Russian Federation, have featured small groups of people who insist that the communist regime was an alien occupying force, although that view is not shared by a majority of the population, making forward progress more difficult and backsliding as now more likely.

That makes any shift toward the view that additional countries in the post-Soviet space are coming to share the view that they were double victims, of communism and of Muscovite occupation, especially important and noteworthy. One such move in that positive direction has been taken in Georgia.

Today, as every year since 2010, the Georgian government has marked the anniversary of the beginning of the Soviet occupation of Georgia in 1921. Flags have been lowered to half mast in honor of those who lost their lives fighting against Soviet Russian aggression and Georgian officials spoke out on what this anniversary now means.

Visiting Tabakhmela, near Tbilisi where Georgian forces had their last victory before Soviet forces overwhelmed the Georgian capital, President Giorgi Margvelashvili said

“Today we are standing where our forefathers were protecting our homeland from the Soviet occupation and where our children, too, will be standing because this country will always be independent.”

In the 2010, the Georgian parliament unanimously adopted a resolution on this memorial day, pointedly noting that this event must commemorate not only those who died fighting Soviet forces in 1921 but also “the hundreds of thousands of victims of political repressions [by] the Communist occupation regime.”


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Edited by: A. N.

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