Donbas “republics” remove Ukrainian from local schools

Demonstration against the Russification of Ukraine, Kyiv, November 9, 2016 

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Article by: Yevhen Dykyi

The DNR (“Donetsk People’s Republic”) authorities have organized mass courses on “Russian language and literature” in occupied Donetsk. The teachers of Ukrainian who have remained in the occupied territory are attending these courses, which are taught by teachers of Russian. Students and teachers report that local schools have stopped practically all teaching of Ukrainian. Therefore, the teachers of Ukrainian have no choice except to retrain for teaching Russian. Why is the Donetsk occupying administration destroying the Ukrainian language in education?

In 2017 the so-called government of the DNR has ordered that the teachers of Ukrainian language and literature who have remained in the occupied territory must undergo training in teaching Russian language and literature. If they refuse, they will be forced to look for another job. According to Victoria (name changed for her safety), a teacher of Ukrainian from Donetsk, the teachers who want to continue to work in schools have no other choice than to attend these courses.

“In the former Institute of Postgraduate Teacher Education (the name has been changed to Republican Institute or something similar — Ed.) the former teachers of Ukrainian are undergoing retraining. They receive diplomas with the DNR stamp and then have to right to teach Russian. The teaching of Russian in the seventh grade lasts 6 hours, and Ukrainian 30 minutes. This is why teachers are taking these courses to avoid losing their job,” she explains.

According to Victoria, conflicts of an ideological nature take place during these so-called courses.

“They clash with the teachers from the departments of Russian language and literature on ideological grounds. After all, (the Russian language teachers) say that Ukraine does not exist as a state, that Ukrainian literature and folklore are something inferior,” Victoria reports.

According to the declaration by the so-called DNR “Ministry of Education,” the first group of 120 people have already started the preliminary training. Two additional similar groups are planned. Earlier, Larysa Poliakova, the so-called “minister of education,” stated that the Ukrainian language has been removed from exams in the occupied territory.

It is interesting that the DNR group has declared that there are two “official languages” in the territory under its control : Russian and Ukrainian. The reality, however, is that the Ukrainian language has been ousted from all spheres of life.

Russia is continuing its imperial practices on language

Yevhen Dykyi, a researcher from the International Democracy Institute, believes that what is happening is a continuation of the Russian imperial policy that has prevailed for centuries.

“This is a continuation of the experience dating still from the Valuev Ukaz (secret 1863 decree forbidding most publications in the Ukrainian language — Ed.) and the Ems Ukaz (secret 1876 decree from Tsar Alexander II banning the use of Ukrainian language in print and on the stage and the import of Ukrainian publications Ed.),” he said. “Let’s not forget the Stalinist Russification and the wave of Russification carried out by Comrade Shcherbytskyi (leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine from 1972 to 1989 — Ed.). Let’s begin with the assumption that the DNR-LNR government does not exist. This must be clearly understood. Everything that happens in this territory is done under the direct orders or with the approval of the Kremlin. We are actually discussing Russian policy in the occupied territories. Before the New Year, one of the spokesmen for the Kremlin, who expresses ideas that the Russian leadership hesitates to state openly, talked about plans to divide Ukraine into Ukraine and Novorossiya. In Novorossiya the use of Ukrainian is to be banned completely, ” he said.

According to Dykyi, Ukrainian, as the language self-identification, allows Ukraine to stand out as a separate state and Ukrainians as a separate nation.

“The far-reaching consequences that Russia wants to achieve are obvious. But let us understand clearly that as long as the Ukrainian language exists, there is a chance that we will exist as a nation in all other respects. If the name Ukraine remains but with the Russian language, then we are simply ‘slightly different Russians.’ The existence of Ukrainians as a separate nation does not fit the imperial Russian model,” he concludes.

However, Dykyi believes that Donbas will be liberated before the consequences of this Russian policy become critical.

Ivan Lozovyi, the founder of the Committee for the Protection of the Ukrainian Language, thinks that these developments demonstrate the importance of the language issue.

“You can see what the enemy is doing. They are eliminating the Ukrainian language from those places where it hardly exists. For what purpose? To solidify their positions there. From the Russian perspective, this is absolutely logical. In this case, Ukraine must learn from the occupational administration. Using different methods, it is still necessary to carry out the Ukrainization of Ukraine itself,” he concludes.

Translated by: Anna Mostovych

Source: Radio Svoboda

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Comments

  1. Avatar Victor Victory says:

    Ukraine should stop anything and everything dealing with Russia, make a law requiring Russians in Ukraine to not speak Russian but Ukrainian.

    1. Avatar туфтуф says:

      That would degrade Ukraine and shift it even further from the civilised world.

      1. Avatar gmab says:

        I don’t think so. NO one complains about this except for RuSSia.

        1. Avatar туфтуф says:

          But savagely bombing civilian areas is a war crime. Trump wants ukroelections repeated cus he thinks they were not carried out in accordance with rules of a cibilised society. Do u want ur coutry to sink further in the eyes of the intl community? U ll lose allies and become part of Russia anyway, though.

          1. Avatar Quartermaster says:

            Go talk to your Russian buddies then. Also, talk with the missile battalion that shot down MH-17. Russia is a pariah state that shells civilians on a regular basis. Even the OSCE is finally admitting what is going on. You Russian filth are going to get what is coming to you.

          2. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Mh117 is an unsolved mystery. The girl who was working that night innaviation control has disappeared.

          3. Avatar Quartermaster says:

            We know what happened. A Buk missile was fired by a Russian battery which then quickly left to go back to Russian territory.

          4. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Thats just a msm narrative for dummies.

          5. Avatar туфтуф says:

            How the duck do u upload pics on this sh*t? I have plenty of good ones given to me from the front. Ones u cnt find on cnn.

          6. Avatar Eddy Verhaeghe says:

            Upload Images in the left hand corner of the ‘Reply’ screen. Although I’m fairly certain that you know how to upload pics and I’m 101% certain that you will not upload ‘Ones u cnt find on cnn’…

          7. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Which wld that 1 be? I have a collection very few ppl have.

          8. Avatar Brent says:

            Maybe she ran away with Carlos the Spanish speaking ATC that Russia claimed worked at Boryspil?

            Did you even think what the f*ck Ukraine would need a Spanish speaking Air Traffic Controller for? How many flights from Spain or South America even go over Ukraine?

            Thanks for confirming you’re nothing more than a lying stooge who is clueless to reality…

          9. Avatar туфтуф says:

            I dnt know. Thats the meaning of the word mystery. The rest are conjunctures. Google the word if u dnt know it.

          10. Avatar Eddy Verhaeghe says:

            As always I have to ask you for a link to a serious source that corroborates your claim…

          11. Avatar Brent says:

            TOTO, you’re a real moron!!!

            I bet you had no problem with your beloved Russia decimating all those “civilian areas” in Chechnya when it invaded it….TWICE. I bet you had no problem with Russia bombing the sh*t out of Syrian hospitals and civilains. I bet you have no problem with Russia murdering 298 innocent people aboard MH17 https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/02a64941d4e51f2b5a832c68dac8af375b4d518b544ab89100023347358e85bd.jpg , and yet you complain about Ukraine trying liberate ITS OWN SOVEREIGN TERRITORY FROM INVADING RUSSIANS when Putin himself vowed to hide his soldiers behind Ukrainian women and children?

            You really are one moronic little useful idiot….

          12. Avatar туфтуф says:

            logic: Lugansk (ex Luhansk) and Doneck are held by separs. Ukro army is trying to get them out by using military force. Who is then shelling the cities? The use of military is prohibited by constitution against ukrainians. Illegal gvt who, if not destroyed, needs to visit the Hague. No visa required.

          13. Avatar Alex George says:

            Except they aren’t, are they?

            The Russians hold 15% of Luhansk Oblast and about 40% of Donestsk oblast. They have been attacking Ukrainian positions around Avdiika for several days now, but the Separatists won’t fight, and the Russian army tends to die a lot.

      2. Avatar Mykola Banderachuk says:

        the civilized world stops at russia’s borders.

        1. Avatar туфтуф says:

          Russian borders stop at Galiia.

          1. Avatar Brent says:

            Intelligence stopped before entering your racist brain

          2. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Shes too old to be a stripper. Serious lady.

    2. Avatar Alex George says:

      Nah, the widespread use of Russian in Ukraine makes Moscow hopping mad!

      Ukrainians will always hav facility in both.

      In future, some of the best Russian literature will be written in Ukraine. But not in the cultural backwater that is Russia.

    3. Avatar Pawel Michal Bartolik says:

      Ukrainize Ukraine? Yes. Ban Russian language? You must be kidding, Ukrainize by other means.

  2. Avatar туфтуф says:

    They have every right to do so on their own sovereign territory. Thus they show readiness to be integrated fully into Russia. On the other hand, they do not impose their laws on the rump Ukraine, thus showing commitments to democratic values of a civilised society.

    1. Avatar Mykola Potytorsky says:

      The Donbas is not Russian territory you meathead

      1. Avatar туфтуф says:

        Theoretically it may not be. Practically, everybody knows that Russia controls every little thing there. They dnt accept hrivnas in shops. You have to change them into rubles if u wanna eat.

      2. Avatar туфтуф says:

        I agree with you but Russians dnt. And it is they who matter. You re knocking on the wrong door. Or barking up the wrong tree, as it were.

        1. Avatar Quartermaster says:

          What Russians think on the matter is irrelevant. As Ruissia withdraws its troops from the Donbas, the Ukrainians will keep advancing. Eventually, the Russian will have been defeated and, hoepfully, the Russian filth that has been pretending to be in charge in the Donbas will be in the dock. The only shame in that is the Ukrainians won’t execute them as they deserve.

          1. Avatar туфтуф says:

            I hope so. But why withdraw only to come back full force again,? You should have been an ukro general . By now, there wldnt have been 3 major cauldrons, but 33. Lolz

          2. Avatar Quartermaster says:

            You’re simply raving like a mad man. With this, I’m blocking you. I’ve wasted enough time on you.

          3. Avatar Alex George says:

            So, he asked reliable sources, and you couldn’t even supply one.

          4. Avatar туфтуф says:

            U know as well as l do that no source provided by me wld be considered reliable, even if it was a cnn report creaded in Hollywood.

          5. Avatar Alex George says:

            How would anyone know that? YOu have never provided a single source for anything, just made grandiose claims in order to feel important.

          6. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Today was a bad day for ukroarmy. It lost over 100 men against the tractor drivers of Donbass. True, not all were killed by the Republicans; 35 died at the hands of the right sector as they were retreating from the advancing army of Novorossiya, 25 died when an ammo dump exploded near Avdeevka.

          7. Avatar Eddy Verhaeghe says:

            Would love to see a reliable source for your assertion about those over a 100 men lost… As for your assertion that the Right Sector killed 35 retreating Ukrainian soldiers, we know that it is a practice common to Soviet and DPR/LPR’s armies when their troops are retreating. Again would love to see a reliable source for that assertion.

          8. Avatar туфтуф says:

            The most reliable sources are from ppl on the ground. Intelligence service reports. I can copy/paste it here, but am concerned l will be considered as one who talks too much so will have to “embelish” it a little and will do it for u.

          9. Avatar Eddy Verhaeghe says:

            Waiting… 😉

          10. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Wait.lolz

          11. Avatar Eddy Verhaeghe says:

            Still waiting…

          12. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Ok

          13. Avatar Alex George says:

            Yes, the usual – can never produce a source, and has never done so . Not even once….

          14. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Cnt see it. Not in trustworthy sources. Got it from the trenches.

          15. Avatar Alex George says:

            Ah yes, the mythical sources, from the old windbag.

          16. Avatar туфтуф says:

            One must never forget that Russias GREATEST weapon is FEAR which it can instill in EVERY nation on Earth. No fear, and Russia turns into a paper tiger. Like nato, who are traders, and not, as it is popularily believed, soldiers.

          17. Avatar Alex George says:

            You forgot surprise, ruthless efficiency and a fanatical devotion to the Pope…. Their two main weapons

    2. Avatar gmab says:

      The problem for them is that RuSSia doesn’t want them. Putin is letting go of the terrorists. He will however, build a stronger Opposition Party in the Rada- most of whom will win seats in Donbas, Ukraine’s sovereign territory. Back to square one for the Fuhrer in the Kremlin.

      1. Avatar туфтуф says:

        Russia wants them so they can have power of veto in the rada in case ukroland makes a move towards unholy alliance with the West.

        1. Avatar Alex George says:

          Yes that was his plan, and he knows its dead. He had a chance of doing it before 2014, but after that he has so destroyed the regard in which many Ukrainians held Russia that it will never occur.

          1. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Ukraine has 2 options: keep Donbas and have prorussian rada, or lose the enrire country, except Galicia. As an artificial formation of a relatively recent date, tertiam non datur.

          2. Avatar Brent says:

            Can you even explain where exactly “Galicia” is without having to look it up?

          3. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Lviv.

          4. Avatar Eddy Verhaeghe says:

            It is much, much more than Lviv. By the way for russophiles it is Lvov ;-))

          5. Avatar туфтуф says:

            I know. The whole Polish bit. Pitty Poland will be erased.

          6. Avatar Alex George says:

            No, Ukraine has one option: Keep everything, including Donbas and Ukraine, and displace Russia as cultural and political leader of the eastern Slavic peoples.

          7. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Imaginative and ambitious. Especially now when we have a putinist in the white house. Lolz

          8. Avatar Alex George says:

            Sure he;s a putinist, just as he’s a Dark State and everything else.

            The truth is simply what I wrote: Ukraine only needs one option: Keep everything, including Donbas and Ukraine, and displace Russia as cultural and political leader of the eastern Slavic peoples.

      2. Avatar Quartermaster says:

        Yanukovich’s party may rise from the dead, and that will be the closest Putin will get to a controlled opposition. They won’t have much influence for a very long time.

        1. Avatar Mykola Banderachuk says:

          nobody rises from the dead, except one person by the name of Jesus Christ. In russia, however, people do rise from the dead, stalin for one and his vampire pals ie putin

        2. Avatar Alex George says:

          True, the pro-Russian parties were devastated in elections after Maidan. They virtually disappeared as a force in Ukrainian politics.

          That is a measure of Putin’s incompetence – his foolish aggression turned the Ukrainian people strongly against anything to do with Russia.

          Putin more than any other single person has fatally weakened Russia by destroying the age-old links between Great Russia, White Russia and “Little Russia”.

    3. Avatar Brent says:

      sh*t for brains, it’s UKRAINIAN SOVEREIGN TERRITORY.

      1. Avatar туфтуф says:

        De iure. De facto, it is controlled by lawfully elected DPR and LNR army police and presidents. Even the educational system is Russian. Ukrainian language has been banned, and teachers of Ukrainian are undergoing prequalification in order to be able to teach Russian.

        1. Avatar Alex George says:

          LMAO – there is no “educational system” in Donbas, just as there is no economy, nor any police. Just bandits extracting money from the people.

  3. Avatar туфтуф says:

    For once, thank goodness, l am in a position to give you some good news: Valeriy Bolotov, an Ukrainian first president of the LPR, died under mysterious circumstances in his home in Podmoscovie. His death is being investigated by FSB.

    1. Avatar gmab says:

      His death was caused by the FSB.

      1. Avatar туфтуф says:

        Possibly. Heart attacks are caused by quickly dissolving poisons which cannot be trace even by FSB pathologists. But Plotnicky is still alive and Trump wants to hand over the whole of the post soviet area to Putin for an alliance against China. Last year, the Chinese and Russians signed a broad strategic partnership and held several joint military exercises.

        http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-06/26/c_135466130.htm

        1. Avatar Alex George says:

          “Trump wants to hand over the whole of the post soviet area to Putin for an alliance against China.”

          Does he now – what is your support for that assertion? Has Trump ever said it?

          “Last year, the Chinese and Russians signed a broad strategic partnership”

          Really? So its rather strange that the article you link says nothing at all was signed last year.

          Keep trying my friend, eventually you may get it right.

          1. Avatar туфтуф says:

            I dnt care and am irrelevant. I read that in British and American papers. The inbependent.

          2. Avatar Brent says:

            Oh, those “main stream media” sites you were whining about???

          3. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Yes. Cus u dnt recognise the ones that give u truth. In order to talk to u, have to rely on cnn, even when it broadcasts abt the war are shot in Hollywood. Horror, how low l fell.

          4. Avatar Alex George says:

            Except that none of them support you, do they?

            You have no sources, except in your own mind

          5. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Am edditing out the names. Will give you copy/paste from a Serbian commander in Serbian tomorrow. In Serbian. Am lazy to translate it although am fluent in Serbian. Throw it into translate, u ll get the idea.

          6. Avatar Alex George says:

            Sure you will. Its always “tomorrow”…. ;o)

          7. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Tomorrow it is. Why not meditate a bit instead of having a Big mac with fries?

          8. Avatar MichaelA says:

            its tomorrow

          9. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Ok.

          10. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Tomorrow it be, then.

          11. Avatar туфтуф says:

            Today is NEVER tomorrow. Thats why we have 2 diff words.

    2. Avatar Mykola Banderachuk says:

      good news

    3. Avatar Brent says:

      Since Russia is running ouit of its own terrorists to murder, maybe they’ll start on the useful idiots and stooges like yourself soon….have some “tea”, comrade…it’s among Russia’s finest exports!!!

      1. Avatar туфтуф says:

        No matter whom russia uses, the most important is its man in white house. The deepest KGB penetration in history.

        1. Avatar Alex George says:

          Oh so today its KGB that elected Trump. Last week it was “dark State”. Next week it will be Beijing, or Mombasa

          ;o)

    1. Avatar Alex George says:

      Here’s a pleasant thought: in another 50 years what we now know as the Russian federation will be broken into about a dozen different states. They will look to Ukraine as their cultural centre, mediator and guide.

      Russian will still be spoken across Eurasia of course, but the primary language of culture will be Ukrainian.

      ;o)

      1. Avatar Mykola Banderachuk says:

        russian is just a dialect anyways

        1. Avatar Oknemfrod says:

          Dialects emerge as spin-offs of a language’s main branch, which occurs naturally. As opposed to that, Russian is an artificially created Esperanto-like object promulgated top-down.

  4. Avatar Alex George says:

    For most of its history, Moscow has either forbidden or discouraged the learning of Ukrainian. This is not surprising – Ukrainian is the older language. Its very existence reminds people that Ukraine is the true heir to Kievan Rus.

    As to how successful the Russian policy has been – the fact that they still feel they have to do it now, centuries later, says all that is necessary.

    So no surprise that the separatists, who are controlled by Moscow, carry out its policy.

    The irony is that Ukraine is becoming the cultural leader not only for Ukrainian speakers but also for Russian speaks, as so many of Russia’s brightest flee Russia.

  5. Avatar Pawel Michal Bartolik says:

    Yes, Ukrainize Ukraine!

  6. Avatar Tony says:

    Thus russian hypocrisy demonstrates that the “language issue” was a fabricated excuse to attack Ukraine.