The urgent need to fight rampant corruption was one of the catalysts for Ukraine’s Revolution of Dignity, the Euromaidan four years ago. Since then, several key reforms have been launched on the anti-corruption front. Yet, their effective implementation still lags behind, and concrete results remain to be seen.
- the apparent failure of National Agency for Corruption Prevention (NACP) to work effectively, especially in checking asset declarations;
- the continuing efforts to undermine National Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU), including through the recent legal amendments limiting its powers in the criminal procedure and its jurisdiction;
- the lack of efficient adjudications for corruption offences following the NABU investigations.
The independence and effectiveness of the newly established anti-corruption bodies must be secured, not undermined.
What has been done by Ukraine to fight corruption, which shortcomings exist and which further steps must be taken has been the subject of assessment by the Council of Europe’s anti-corruption body, GRECO (Group of States against Corruption, abbreviated from French) over the past years. In the report published in August 2017, GRECO gave specific recommendations on how to better prevent corruption among parliamentarians, judges, and prosecutors; and in July it made public its assessment of the implementation by Ukraine of its previous recommendations on transparency of political funding and criminalisation of corruption.
The perceived inefficiency and lack of independence of the National Agency for Corruption Prevention was a repeated criticism that GRECO experts heard during the evaluation process in Ukraine. In recent days, new revelations allege its malfunctioning. We have stressed on several occasions, and want to underline again the vital need to ensure the NACP’s independence and impartiality. This is particularly important for the effective monitoring of asset declarations and of political financing.
As for the National Anti-Corruption Bureau, during the last evaluation visit in December 2016, GRECO noted alarming attempts to curtail its remit and obstruct its operations.
NABU’s strong track record of investigations evidences its efficiency. Any move to undermine NABU puts into question the actual political will to tackle corruption. NABU should be defended from improper influence or pressure for it to continue its work as resolutely and productively as it has done to date.
More should be done at the level of the judiciary.
Currently, the courts trying high-level corruption cases are not well equipped for the task, judges are lacking specialized knowledge and are feeling exposed in the complex and unstable political and professional environment. There is a clear need to entrust high-profile corruption cases involving complex financial schemes to specialized, independent, and impartial judges. This may be accompanied by the establishment, at least for a transitional period, of a specialized anti-corruption court which would set the wheels in motion to handle such cases effectively and ensure fair adjudication of cases.
Today, four years after Maidan, we and, most importantly, the Ukrainian citizens need the see a determined “change of gear” in Ukraine. The country has a unique opportunity to progress, and it cannot afford losing momentum.
To justify the expectations of its people and regain their trust, public accountability and transparency must be increased – not only in law, but in practice.
The active civil society involvement can further contribute to a lasting change. It is not enough to announce reforms; they must be properly implemented. This would constitute a display of true political will to fight corruption. The Council of Europe in general and GRECO in particular closely monitor the situation and stand ready to continue supporting Ukraine on this path.
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