Copyright © 2024

The work of Euromaidan Press is supported by the International Renaissance Foundation

When referencing our materials, please include an active hyperlink to the Euromaidan Press material and a maximum 500-character extract of the story. To reprint anything longer, written permission must be acquired from [email protected].

Privacy and Cookie Policies.

Russian troops unconstitutionally occupy Moldovan territory – Constitutional Court

The Constitutional Court of Moldova delivers its judgement on Moldova’s neutrality. Chișinău, Moldova. 2 May 2017. Image: YouTube
Russian troops unconstitutionally occupy Moldovan territory – Constitutional Court
The decision of the Constitutional Court of Moldova makes it clear that the presence of Russian troops in Transnistria is unconstitutional and violates the law. The neutral status of Moldova does not exclude cooperation with other military alliances to strengthen the defense capability of the country.

On 2 May 2017, the Constitutional Court of Moldova delivered the judgment on the interpretation of an article of the country’s constitution on the permanent neutrality of Moldova, following a petition filed by the deputies of the Liberal Party in 2015.

The Court ruled that the deployment in the territory of the Republic of Moldova of “troops or military bases, run and controlled by foreign states, is unconstitutional”.

The only foreign troops deployed in Moldova are the Operational Group of Russian Forces (formerly the 14th Guards Army) in the uncontrolled region of Transnistria. At the same time, the so-called Armed Forces of PMR (military formations by self-proclaimed authorities of Transnistria) may meet the definition of “troops controlled by foreign states”.

The participation of Moldova in collective security systems, peacekeeping, humanitarian operations, does not contravene the Constitution according to the Court’s decision.

Earlier this year Moldova Army canceled participation in “Platinum Eagle” exercise in Romania at the request of Moldova’s pro-Russian President Igor Dodon who refused to sign the decree of deployment.

The Court’s decree also states that the validity of the constitutional provision on neutrality was not affected by the fact that it was declared amid the military occupation of a part of the territory and the fact that the provision lacks international guarantees of this statute.

The decision of the Court is final.

President Dodon criticized the ruling, according to him the decision “leaves room for various interpretations and political speculation.”

Political analyst Igor Munteanu, executive director of the Institute for Development and Social Initiatives, believes, “This decision is incomplete and does not provide an answer to the key question: what kind of neutrality does Moldova uphold having foreign troops present in its territory without the consent of the constitutional authorities?” 

UPDATE: Mihai Popșoi, a political analyst from Moldova, commented to EuromaidanPress on the possible legal consequences of the decision, he said, “In theory, Russia should immediately withdraw its military from Moldova. In practice, there are no consequences.”

Meanwhile, on 12 April 2017, the “parliament” of the “Transnistrian Moldovan Republic” showing its dreams of the integration with Russia approved the use of the Russian flag alongside so-called PMR flag.

  • Being a part of the Moldovan S.S.R. of the USS.R., the “Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic” (PMR, Transnistria) declared its independence in late 1990. Then Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev declared the Transnistria proclamation to be lacking legal basis and annulled it by a presidential decree.
  • Armed clashes on a limited scale broke out between Moldova and Transnistrian “separatists” including Russian Cossacks and other mercenaries as early as November 1990.
  • On 27 August 1991 Moldova declared its independence.
  • Fighting intensified on 1 March 1992 and lasted throughout the spring and early summer of 1992.
  • The 14th Army of Russia was involved in the conflict, its commander General Mayor Aleksandr Lebed said, “I am proud that we helped and armed Transnistrian guards against Moldovan fascists.”
  • The 1992 Moscow ceasefire agreement, signed by the presidents of Moldova and Russia, established a Russian peacekeeper presence in Transnistria.
  • The Russian 14th Guards Army involved in Transnistria conflict in 1990-1992 was reformed into the Operational Group of Russian Forces in Moldova in 1995 and shrunk to no more than 1,500 troops.
  • In 1994, Russia and Moldova signed an agreement that committed Russia to withdraw the troops in three years, however, the Russian Duma didn’t ratify it.
  • In 2008, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly urged Russia to withdraw its “illegal military presence from the Transdnestrian region of Moldova”.

Read more:

You could close this page. Or you could join our community and help us produce more materials like this.  We keep our reporting open and accessible to everyone because we believe in the power of free information. This is why our small, cost-effective team depends on the support of readers like you to bring deliver timely news, quality analysis, and on-the-ground reports about Russia's war against Ukraine and Ukraine's struggle to build a democratic society. A little bit goes a long way: for as little as the cost of one cup of coffee a month, you can help build bridges between Ukraine and the rest of the world, plus become a co-creator and vote for topics we should cover next. Become a patron or see other ways to support. Become a Patron!

To suggest a correction or clarification, write to us here

You can also highlight the text and press Ctrl + Enter

Please leave your suggestions or corrections here

    Will the West continue to support Ukraine?
    • Know what moves the world.
    • Premium journalism from across Europe.
    • Tailored to your needs, translated into English.
    Special discount
    for Euromaidan Press readers
    Euromaidan Press

    We are an independent media outlet that relies solely on advertising revenue to sustain itself. We do not endorse or promote any products or services for financial gain. Therefore, we kindly ask for your support by disabling your ad blocker. Your assistance helps us continue providing quality content. Thank you!

    Related Posts