Leaders of the Ukrainian presidential race: Petro Poroshenko (L, photo: Twitter/poroshenko), Yulia Tymoshenko (C, photo: ba.org.ua), Volodymyr Zelenskyi (R, YouTube).
The Central Electoral Commission of Ukraine registered 44 presidential candidates for the election, a record number in Ukrainian history. Thus, this time the voters will receive the longest ever 115-centimeter long ballot. It can be even compared to a computer DDoS attack, when too many simultaneous requests may slow down a web server, making the web sites it hosts inaccessible to visitors.
Similarly, a large number of the so-called “technical candidates” can reduce the overall number of the votes cast for the leaders of the race since many people, especially senior citizens, can simply fail to find their candidate on the list.
As of now, however, before the final design of the ballots was approved, five minor candidates have withdrawn their registration, shrinking the list to 39 and bringing the ballot to the still-record length of 80 cm.
Out of those five, three (MP Dmytro Dobrodomov, Lviv mayor Sadovyi and former journalist Dmytro Hnap) withdrew their candidacy in favor of former Defense Minister Anatoliy Hrytsenko who polls place at 5th-6th position. Opposition MP Yevhen Muraiev endorsed another former member of Yanukovych’s Party of Regions, Oleksandr Vilkul. Another former candidate, Serhiy Kryvonos, declared support to incumbent President Petro Poroshenko.
Finally, oligarch Serhii Taruta supported former Prime Minister Yuliya Tymoshenko, however, his name will remain in the ballot since he has withdrawn after the CEC approved the final list. Thus, Taruta’s name will be crossed out of the ballot papers manually by the members of the local electoral commissions.
Out of the huge list of the candidates, all latest polls and odds reveal three most likely contenders:
- Comedian Volodymyr Zelenskyy, who hasn’t ever been a politician, plays a president in a TV series, and is rumored to have links to runaway oligarch Ihor Kolomoyskyi, which both oligarch and comedian, of course, deny;
- MP Yulia Tymoshenko, who was a Prime Minister in 2005 and 2007-2010;
- Incumbent President Petro Poroshenko.
Pollsters say Zelenskyy
The latest public opinion polls conducted by most respected Ukrainian pollsters – Socis, Rating, KIIS, Razumkov Centre – show that Volodymyr Zelenskyy is the leader of the campaign, while Tymoshenko and Poroshenko are either second or third.
The latest survey by Socis, one of the major Ukrainian pollsters, was conducted on 9-14 March, and here is what it revealed.
The absolute figures are:
- Zelenskyy – 18,3%
- Poroshenko – 11,85%
- Tymoshenko – 8,5%
- Boyko – 6,15%
- Hrytenko – 5,55%
- Liashko – 3,65%
The ratings of the leaders in the latest poll by Socis, calculated according to the preferences of the voters who intend to vote and have already chosen their candidates, show higher figures:
- Zelenskyy – 29,64%
- Poroshenko – 19,19%
- Tymoshenko – 13,77%
It is noteworthy that a survey conducted by the Washington-based research and campaign company Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research together with the Ukrainian research agency InfoSapiens revealed only a much lower gap between the ratings of the top two candidates than all domestic pollsters find in their surveys:
Bookmakers bet on Poroshenko
According to Favoritsport, the only Ukrainian bookmaker officially registered as a state lottery, as of 7 March the bets for the top-five candidates are as follows (the lower the better, the probability is given in brackets):
- Poroshenko – 1.90 (52.63%)
- Zelenskyy – 2.10 (47.61%)
- Tymoshenko – 5.25 (19.04%)
- Hrytsenko – 20.00 (5%)
- Boiko – 40.00 (2.5%)
The odds of other potential presidents range from 100.00 to 500.00 (1%-0.2%) and their chances to win seem highly unlikely according to the bets.
Another service popular in Ukraine, Parimatch, gave the same top five contenders on 6 March, the same odds remain intact as of 22 March. However, their odds slightly differ. Prior to 6 March, Parimatch gave a 54% probability to Poroshenko and 22% to Zelenskyy, now the company gives the same odds to the leaders:
- Poroshenko – 2.15 (46,51%)
- Zelenskyy – 2.15 (46,51%)
- Tymoshenko – 4.50 (22,22%)
- Hrytsenko – 12.00 (8,33%)
- Boiko – 15.00 (6,66%)
Other candidates in the betting range between 35-275 (2.85%-0.36%), according to Parimatch.
The parallel odds of the three leaders to not be elected are no surprise – the betting just mirrors the odds of becoming president.
Probability to become a president (solid columns) and to not become a president (dashed columns) according to the odds by Favoritsport (blue) and Parimatch (red).[/caption]
It is remarkable that one of the questions in a recent survey by the Rating Group was “who in your opinion will become the next President of Ukraine?” And the results were pretty similar to the betting odds:
- Poroshenko – 22,9%
- Tymoshenko – 18,6%
- Zelenskyy – 16,1%
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