Poland’s new prime minister and the Polish-Ukrainian dialogue

Poland's new prime minister and the Polish-Ukrainian dialogue

Prime Minister of Poland Mateusz Morawiecki  

Analysis & Opinion

Article by: Vitaly Portnikov

The designation of Mateusz Morawiecki as Poland’s new prime minister has already given rise to dozens of comments regarding possible changes in Poland’s political direction and the need to seek compromise and mutual understanding between Poland and the European Union and to resolve problems in Polish-Ukrainian relations.

In Kyiv one can hear voices accusing the former prime minister Beata Shidlo of exacerbating these relations and speculations about the possible dismissal of Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski, author of the toughest pronouncements on the relations between Warsaw and Kyiv.

All these comments do not take into account one important point. The head of government has been changed in Warsaw but the ruling political party remains in power and is quite comfortable in terms of ratings and prospects. Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the actual ruler of Poland and the head of this party, remains in the driver’s seat. Many observers believe that this authoritative politician is determining the future direction of the country. In this respect, Poland’s political system can be compared to that of Iran with certain reservations. In that country, citizens elect the president and parliament, but the last word in determining the political order belongs with the spiritual leader, whose role is prescribed in the constitution. Jaroslaw Kaczynski did not need constitutional changes to become such as spiritual leader in Poland. His role in Polish politics is unprecedented and has no analogs either in recent Polish history or in modern Europe.

It is important to seek opportunities for informal dialogue

The spiritual leader sets the goal but bears no responsibility for its achievement. In this respect, it is quite logical to change prime ministers.

The technocrat Morawiecki may be able to deal with the issue of the growing isolation in the European Union more effectively than his predecessor Shidlo. But this is only in theory. In practice, the selection of the new prime minister coincided with voting for a controversial judicial reform that can only aggravate relations between Poland and the rest of Europe. But what will happen if Prime Minister Morawiecki fails? Nothing in particular. The ruling party will simply select a new head of government depending on the relevant tasks. The position of prime minister no longer has the “sacred” significance that it had in Polish politics in the past. The failures of the prime minister have no serious impact on the authority of the spiritual leader, on the intentions of the leadership of the ruling party, or even on its ratings. Furthermore, the foreign minister plays no role in the development of Polish foreign policy. In his speeches, including the ones dealing with Ukrainian-Polish relations, the current Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski expresses the common views of the leadership and, most importantly, the attitudes of Jaroslaw Kaczynski.

The leader of Poland's main opposition party Law and Justice (PiS) Jaroslaw Kaczynski kisses the candidate for prime minister Beata Szydlo after the exit poll results are announced in Warsaw, Poland October 25, 2015. Poland's conservative opposition Law and Justice (PiS) party was ahead of the ruling Civic Platform (PO) as voting ended in Sunday's parliamentary election, an exit poll by IPSOS showed. REUTERS/Pawel Kopczynski TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

Jaroslaw Kaczynski with former prime minister Beata Szydlo. REUTERS/Pawel Kopczynski

These are the attitudes that will determine the development of the dialogue between Warsaw and Kyiv in the coming years. It would be naive, at the very least, to expect that the change of the head  of government or the foreign affairs minister in an established system of government can change something in these relations. It is also naive to expect that a dialogue between the presidents can lead to serious changes.

President Andrzej Duda who, despite all the difficulties in the dialogue between Kyiv and Warsaw has decided to visit Ukraine, is constrained in his political opportunities. At first glance, Jaroslaw Kaczynski does not have these restrictions. And yet, this influential Polish politician is guided by public opinion. Ukrainians — as well as other European countries — should seek opportunities for informal dialogue with Kaczynski and the immediate circle around him. But, at the same time, they should also think about a dialogue with Polish society, which still remains an important factor in shaping political intentions. The future of the dialogue between Warsaw and Kyiv can be influenced by Kaczynski and by average Poles. For politicians and officials, there are far fewer opportunities.

Translated by: Anna Mostovych
Source: Radio Svoboda

Since you’re here – we have a favor to ask. Russia’s hybrid war against Ukraine is ongoing, but major news agencies have gone away. But we’re here to stay, and will keep on providing quality, independent, open-access information on Ukrainian reforms, Russia’s hybrid war, human rights violations, political prisoners, Ukrainian history, and more. We are a non-profit, don’t have any political sponsors, and never will. If you like what you see, please help keep us online with a donation!

Tags: , ,

  • laker48

    I’ve already blocked “slavko” and you may be next one in line. BTW, I visited the UK, Germany, Poland and western Ukraine last September and October. Western Ukraine is a half century behind south-eastern Poland as far as its infrastructure is concerned and it’ll take at least a generation for it to have the standard of living comparable with Poland’s in the 1990s. All Ukrainians we met were saying after a couple of Black Jack or other “horilka” shots that they “khochy zhyty kak v Polshche”.

    The only positive difference I noticed were professional police forces, a stark difference between my 2008 visit there where almost all traffic police thugs tried to gouge out of us phoney traffic tickets and backed off only after having realised that they were recorded by our dashboard cameras. Ukraine is still a mafia state and Poroshenko, whom I’d tried to give credit for three years, appeared to be a corrupt oligarch not interested in reforming the country.

    • slavko

      Well since you blocked me then I get the last word in :)))

      You are a two faced liar and you play both sides towards the middle. You pretend to be a friend of Ukraine while hitting her with low blows. You bring up ancient history in order to deflect away from Ukraine’s aspiration to throw of the Russian corrupt sphere of influence. Basically you are a pompous a$$.

      Poland right now looks to be infiltrated by Kremlin agents as Poland has become anti-Europe in its policies with an unbiased judicial system at risk of turning into a tool of an autocratic government. And you are on record for supporting such dictatorship. You have no regard for the rule of law and you only push for dictatorial order. Which relegates you and your Poland back into the trash heap.

      • Maidan

        there you go again…being too kind:p

  • slavko

    Happy New Year :)