Kuban might pursue independence but won’t become part of Ukraine, Russians say

The map which was part of the 1920 Memorandum to the Government of the United States on the Recognition of the Ukrainian People's Republic established in 1917. (Source: Project Gutenberg)

The map which was part of the 1920 Memorandum to the Government of the United States on the Recognition of the Ukrainian People's Republic established in 1917. (Source: Project Gutenberg) 

Analysis & Opinion, Russia, Ukraine

Reacting to recent statements by Kyiv officials about portions of Russia being historically Ukrainian, Russian commentators say that under certain conditions, the Kuban, one of these regions, might become an independent country but they and Russian officials say it will never be part of Ukraine.

Veniamin Kondratyev, the governor of Krasnodar Kray which is often referred to as the Kuban, says that “Kuban never was and never will be Ukrainian.” Ukrainian officials like Infrastructure Minister Vladimir Omelyan now and Donetsk Administrator Pavel Zhebrinsky last July who say otherwise simply don’t know their history.

It is true, Russian commentators say, that during the Russian civil war, there really was a Kuban Peoples Republic and that some of its leaders talked about creating a federation with Ukraine, but even then Cossacks formed only 43 percent of that territory and not all of them were resettled from the Zaporozhye region. Many were Don and Terek Cossacks.

But since that time, Russian analyst Pavel Polubota says, “much water has flowed under the bridge,” dramatically changing “both the ethnic composition of the residents of Krasnodar Kray and the mentality of the descendants of the Cossacks.” He does not mention the Soviet genocide of the Cossacks in the 1920s, but that played a major role in this regard.

The Map of Ethnicities of the Eastern Europe (1879) by Hachette & Co, Paris. Note that the map legend shows Ukrainians under the term "Petits Russiens (3)."

The Map of Ethnicities of the Eastern Europe (1879) by Hachette & Co, Paris. Note that the map legend shows Ukrainians under the term “Petits Russiens (3).”

Russian analysts argue that Ukrainians are now talking about Ukrainian territories in Russia to cover Kyiv’s failures at home. Aleksey Anpilogov, a Russian historian, says that in addition, Ukrainian leaders seek to push back the rise of the Ukrainian nation to the time of the dinosaurs even though he says that people arose only in the second half of the 19th century.

The Ethnographic Map of Ukraine by Drs. Volodymyr Kubiyovych and Mykola Kulytsky (Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Studies / Entsyklopediya Ukrayinoznavstva, ed. Volodymyr Kubiyovych, Molode zhyttya, 1955)

The Ethnographic Map of Ukraine by Drs. Volodymyr Kubiyovych and Mykola Kulytsky (Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Studies / Entsyklopediya Ukrayinoznavstva, ed. Volodymyr Kubiyovych, Molode zhyttya, 1955)

In this effort to promote the idea of a greater Ukraine with a golden age in the past, Ukrainians like to talk about territories in the Russian Federation as being part of the patrimony of the Ukrainian nation, the historian says. In this, they are supposedly only displaying their historical incompleteness and Nazi-like tendencies.

The Early 20th Century Map of Ethnic Ukrainian Settlement (Based on 1914 materials of St. Petersburg Science Academy. The red line marks Ukraine's modern state borders).

The Early 20th Century Map of Ethnic Ukrainian Settlement (Based on 1914 materials of St. Petersburg Science Academy. The red line marks Ukraine’s modern state borders).

“As far as the specific situation in Krasnodar Kray is concerned,” Anpilogov says, “one must understand that the current residents of this region even in their nightmares do not want to be citizens of Ukraine. Even in the event of the radical weakening of the central power in Rus and the rise of separatist tendencies in Kuban, this would have no relationship to Ukraine.”

The Overview Map of the Ukrainian Lands (published in Vienna, circa 1900)

The Overview Map of the Ukrainian Lands (published in Vienna, circa 1900)

In fact, there are many portions of the Russian Federation where there are significant ethnic Ukrainian communities, areas that Ukrainians call “wedges.” The most famous of these is in the Russian Far East where Ukrainians moved at the end of tsarist times, but there are others, including in the Kuban.

The Ethnicities of the USSR (ethnographic map published by the Soviet authorities in 1941)

The Ethnicities of the USSR (ethnographic map published by the Soviet authorities in 1941)

Moscow has done everything it can to undercount the Ukrainians in these locations and to suppress Ukrainian culture and identity there, not just since 2014 but for decades. (On this, see the sources cited in “Moscow deliberately undercounting ethnic Ukrainians in Russia, Kyiv official says.”)

Of course, ethnicity doesn’t define citizenship or state borders, but given Moscow’s continuing invocation of the presence of ethnic Russians in Ukraine as justification for its actions, it is appropriate that Kyiv return the favor and point to the large Ukrainian regions in Russia (“A real ‘wedge’ issue: Ukrainian regions in the Russian Federation“).


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Edited by: A. N.

Tags: , , , , , ,

  • Ihor Dawydiak

    Once again “Great” Russian chauvinists have tried to utilize reverse logic through their ridiculous attempts to demean their perceived adversaries by labeling them as fascists or inferior in every respect. However, the real truth has been widely exposed a long time ago. The Russian leadership, both past and present, albeit with a few short term and rare exceptions, have been ruthless totalitarian imperialists. Moreover, with this aggression, as would be the case with almost every bully, they have tried to hide their inner embarrassment from the reality that it has been the Russian nation that has never evolved beyond its fascist tendencies and it has been the Russian nation that has failed to deal with its deeply rooted inferiority complex. Nevertheless, the glimmer of hope has never been totally extinguished. As the youth in Russia becomes more acculturated towards globalization and the desire for a better life in every respect, despots, predators and pederasts such as Putin will gradually be eliminated. Everyone on Earth deserves and will ultimately demand a constant source of fresh air and those who would try and deny this will be destined to the trash heap of bad history.

    • Oknemfrod

      Дуже доречно та влучно сказано, добродію Ігоре!

      • Ihor Dawydiak

        Dyakuyu.

        • Oknemfrod

          Nema za shcho ;).

          • Rafael Hernandez

            Remember Донбасс сердце России

          • Alex George

            Yes, Donbass belongs to Ukraine, just as Crimea belongs to Ukraine.

          • Rafael Hernandez

            Wishful thinking

          • Alex George

            No, the truth. Putin can hold them only so long as he keeps massive troops there. Which drains his purse, so sooner or later (more likely sooner) Russia will be gone.

          • Oknemfrod

            Остаточно з глузду з’їхав?

          • Rafael Hernandez
          • Oknemfrod

            You must be even more crazy than I thought if you think I’ll go there.

          • Andrew Chmile

            Copy fo’you 2:

            TO: Scradje:

            Cc: Oknemfrod & RUSKI MOLE POS (hmm… “Hernandez” 2! :)
            “Alex George/MichaelA” (same “clever” liar)

            “Alex George” — AND “Dagwood Bumstead” are BOTH
            “Ruski PAID **MOLES**” .

            “Dagwood Bumstead” -MOLE- is for the most part — “OK” & has some good info. I have yet to see him try to SELL Ruski BS. — he only up-votes the other RUSKI **MOLES** — e.g. “Alex George/MichaelA” – “Vasyl P.” etc… against me when they claim I am a Ruski sh*t. :) No big deal. :)

            “Alex George” OTOH is FAR more NASTY & is AGAINST the Ukrainian language — ACTIVELY! — also hides his “Alex George/MichaelA” posting profiles as he claims to be “afraid of trolls” like me! :)))

            He “suckered” you with his OBLIQUE “support” of English in Ukraine — WHILE IGNORING RUSSIFICATION OF UKRAINE & THE CONTINUING SUPPORT OF TAX PAYER FUNDED RUSKI LANG. SCHOOLS & THE CURRENT BS LANG. LAW IN UKRAINE etc.. — an “ENGLISH LANG. *DODGE*!!

            — Also THAT MOLE IS AGAINST the enforcement of the Rada approved LANG. LAW that FAT, CORRUPT POROSHENKO WON’T SIGN!!! — The SCUMBAG!!! )

            Claims that Ruski will get “mad” if there is a “ban on Russian” (as he calls such) — the LYING RUSKI MOLE POS!!! — and that the Ruski “might” side with PUTIN!!!! — OH MY!!!! HEAVEN HELP US!!! :)

            {Ruski don’t worry at all about offending Ukes, do they now?}
            .. and that “a Russian language ban wouldn’t work.”

            BS!!! — Then Y TF did the monhols BAN UKIE in those BS “republics”?

            (BESIDES BANNING ALL LANGUAGES EXCEPT RUSSIAN( UNDER PUTIN LAST YEAR) IN THE RUSKI “FEDERATION”?

            Language “bans” — DO WORK!!!— Look at KUBAN, BELHOROD, KURSK etc… I have pointed the above out– REPEATEDLY — he repeats THE SAME RUSKI **MOLE** LIES — REPEATEDLY!

            Ukie LANGUAGE HAS ALWAYS BEEN A KEY POINT FOR THE RUSKI SCUMBAGS!!! — FOR CENTURIES!

            AZOV & AYDAR VOLUNTEER BATTALIONS ARE LEARNING UKRAINIAN … it is merely historical justice — many Russophone are actually Ukrainian ETHNICALLY anyway — and if not — they still live in **UKRAINE** !

            The OLD LANG. LAW — in effect for 22 years –OVERTURNED BY FAT TRAITOR YANUKOVYCZ — didn’t bother monhols — and the BS Yanuk. law — STILL DIDN’T PREVENT THOSE STUPID MONHOL HORDES FROM PANICKING & SCREAMING:

            “GENOCIDE OF RUSSIAN SPEAKERS!!!! A-Y-Y-Y-Y-E-E-E-eeeeee !!!!! ”

            The world does NOT revolve around Ruski idiots & **MOLES** .

            Ukrainian language bans:

            The Ukrainian language has survived 134 prohibitions in 400 years! So which language needs protection?
            The chronology of Ukrainian language bans:

            XVII century
            1627 – order of Tsar Mikhail, petitioned by the Moscow Patriarch Filaret to burn all copies of the “Uchitel” Bible published in Ukraine by Kirilo Stavrovetskiy.
            1696 – order of the Polish Seym to implement the Polish language in courts and institutions of Right Bank Ukraine
            1690 – the condemnation and anathema of the Russian Patriarchal Church of “Kyivskia Novia Knigi” of Petro Mohyla, Kirilo Stavrovetskiy, S. Polotskiy, L. Baranovich, A. Radzivilovskiy and others.

            XVIII century
            1720 – order of Muscovite Tsar Pyotr I regarding the ban of book printing in Ukrainian and the elimination of Ukrainian texts from church scriptures
            1729 – order of Pyotr II to rewrite all government orders from Ukrainian into Russian
            1731 – order of Tsarina Anna Ivanovna to confiscate Ukrainian printed books, and to “teach sciences in our own Russian language.” In the secret instruction to the head of Ukraine Prince O. Shakhovskiy in 1734 she ordered to by all means to prevent Ukrainians to marry Poles and Belorussians, “and to artificially engage them with Big Russians.”
            1763 – order of Catherine II regarding the ban on teaching in Ukrainian in the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
            1769 – prohibition of the Sinode of the Russian Patriarchal Church to print and use the Ukrainian bukvar
            1775 – the ruin of the Zaporizhya Sich and the closure of Ukrainian schools in Cossack chancelleries.
            1789 – the order of the Education Committee of the Polish Seym regarding the closure of all Ukrainian schools

            XIX century
            1817 – the provision of the Polish language in all national schools of Western Ukraine
            1832 – the reorganisation of education in Right-Bank Ukraine on pan-imperial orders with using Russian language for teaching
            1847 – the ruin of the Kirilo-Methodius association and the increase of harsh persecution of Ukrainian language and culture, the ban on the best masterpieces of Shevchenko, Kulish, Kostomarov and others
            1859 – the Ministry of Religions and Sciences of Austro-Hungary in Eastern Galicia and Bukovina tried to replace the Ukrainian cyrillic alphabet with a latin one
            1862 – the closure of free Sunday Ukrainian schools for adults in Russia-governed Ukraine
            1863 – Valuyev order regarding the ban on censure allowance on printing Ukrainian spiritual and popular education literature: “there is and can not be any separate Maloros language”
            1864 – the affirmation of the Statute regarding primary school, according to which education should only be carried out in Russian
            1869 – the provision of the Polish language as the official language of education and administration of Eastern galicia
            1870 – the explanation of the Russian Minister of Education D. Tolstogo that “the end goal of the education of all foreigners has to be Russification”
            1876 – the Ems order of Alexander II regarding the prohibition on printing and import from outside the country of any Ukrainian language literature, as well as the prohibition of Ukrainian theatrical performances and printing of Ukrainian texts on sheet music, therefore national songs.
            1881 – the ban on teaching in public schools and church services in Ukrainians
            1884 – the ban of Alexander III of Ukrainian theatrical performances in all Maloros governments
            1888 – the order of Alexander III regarding the ban of using Ukrainian in all official institutions and baptisms with Ukrainian names
            1892 – the ban on translating books from Russian to Ukrainian
            1895 – the ban of the Main Headquarters in Questions of Printing to publish children’s books in Ukrainian

            XX century
            1908 – four tears after the Russian Academy of Sciences acknowledge the Ukrainian language, the Senate announces the Ukrainian-speaking cultural and education activity to be harmful for the empire
            1910 – the closure on order of Stolipin’s government of all Ukrainian cultural associations, publishing houses, the ban on lecturing in Ukrainian, the ban on creating any non-Russian clubs
            1911 – the order of the VII Dvorian Assembly in Moscow regarding exclusively Russian-language education and the unacceptability of using any other languages in Russian schools
            1914 – the ban on celebrating Taras Shevchenko’s 100th birthday; the order of Nikolai II regarding the ban of Ukrainian press
            1914, 1916 – the campaigns of Russification in Western Ukraine; the prohibition of the Ukrainian language, education, church.
            1922 – the proclamation of part of the leadership of the CC RCP and CPSU of the “theory” of two cultures fighting in Ukraine – the city (Russian) and the village (Ukrainian) cultures, in which the former must win
            1924 – the order of the Polish Republic to limit the use of Ukrainian in administrative institutions, courts, education on lands governed by the Polish
            1924 – the order of the Romanian Kingdom regarding the obligation of all “Romanians,” who have “lost their mother tongue” to educate their children in Romanian schools only.
            1925 – the final closure of the Ukrainian “secret” university in Lviv
            1926 – Stalin’s letter to “Comrade Kaganovich and other members of the Politbureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine” with the emphasis on fighting against “national inclinations,” the beginning of persecution of “Ukrainisation” activists
            1933 – Stalin’s telegram regarding the suspension of “Ukrainisation”
            1933 – the abolition in Romania of the ministry order of December 31st of 1929, which allowed several hours of Ukrainian language a week in schools with a majority of Ukrainian students
            1934 – the special order of the Ministry of Education of Romania regarding the firing “for animosity to the state and the Romanian people” of all Ukrainian teachers which demanded the return of the Ukrainian language to schools
            1938 – the order of the Council of People’s Commissars and the CC of the SCP “Regarding the compulsory learning of the Russian language in the schools of national republics and regions,” the according order of the Council of People’s Commissars and the Communist Party of Ukraine
            1947 – operation “Visla”; the dispersal of part of Ukrainians from ethnic Ukrainian lands together with Poles in Western Poland in order to speed up their “polonisation”
            1958 – article 20 of the Basis of USSR Legislation and that of soviet republics regarding national education of the free choice of language of learning; the learning of all languages except for Russian by choice of the students’ parents
            1960-1980 – mass closures of Ukrainian schools in Poland and Romania
            1970 – the order that theses can only be written in Russian
            1972 – the ban by party bodies of the celebration of Kotlyarevskiy Museum’s jubilee in Poltava
            1973 – the ban on the celebration on the anniversary on Kotlyarevskiy’s masterpiece “The Eneid”
            1972 – the order of the CC CPSU “Regarding the preparations for the 50th anniversary of the creation of the USSR,” in which for the first time the “creation of a new historical community – the soviet people” is proclaimed, an official de-nationalisation course
            1978 – the order of the CC CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR “Regarding the means of further improvement of learning and teaching the Russian language in Soviet republics” (“Brezhnev document”)
            1983 – the order of the CC CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR “Regarding additional measures in improving the learning of the Russian language in public schools and other learning institutions of Soviet republics” (“Andropov order”), which in particular instills a 16% increase in the salaries of the teachers of the Russian language and literature; the directive of the collegium of the Ministry of Education of the Ukrainian Socialist Republic “regarding additional measures of improving the learning or the Russian language in public schools, pedagogical learning institutions, pre-school and post-school institutions of the republic,” directed at increasing russification.
            1984 – the order of the CC CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR “Regarding the further improvement of public middle school education of the youth and the improvement of working conditions of public schools”
            1984 – the beginning of 15% increase in salaries for Russian language teachers in comparison with Ukrainian language teachers in Ukraine
            1984 – the order of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR regarding the transfer of all businesses in all museums of the USSR to the Russian language
            1989 – the order of the CC CPSU “regarding the legal fixation of the Russian language as the official national language”
            1990 – the approval of the law regarding the languages of the people of the USSR in which Russian is deemed the official language

            (latest bans are under Putin & in the BS rebel republics — Ukie libraries closed of course as usual!)

            ———–
            How Kremlin’s “minority rights” defenders are supporting Russian …
            euromaidanpress.com/2017/04/03/105898/

            Apr 3, 2017 – The Kremlin uses so-called “experts on minority rights” to support Russian expansionism in Ukraine.
            ————————

            Ruski SCUMBAG MOLE “Alex George/MichaelA” as “helpful” for Ukieland as Ruski Foreign Ministry “friendly advice” for Ukraine:

            https://twitter.com/mfa_russia/status/847372231483183104/photo/1

          • Andrew Chmile

            Copy fo’you 2 — Ruski POS SCUMBAG! :)))

            TO: Scradje:

            Cc: Oknemfrod & RUSKI MOLE POS (hmm… “Hernandez” 2! :)
            “Alex George/MichaelA” (same “clever” liar)

            “Alex George” — AND “Dagwood Bumstead” are BOTH
            “Ruski PAID **MOLES**” .

            “Dagwood
            Bumstead” -MOLE- is for the most part — “OK” & has some good
            info. I have yet to see him try to SELL Ruski BS. — he only up-votes
            the other RUSKI **MOLES** — e.g. “Alex George/MichaelA” – “Vasyl P.”
            etc… against me when they claim I am a Ruski sh*t. :) No big deal.
            :)

            “Alex George” OTOH is FAR more NASTY & is AGAINST the
            Ukrainian language — ACTIVELY! — also hides his “Alex
            George/MichaelA” posting profiles as he claims to be “afraid of trolls”
            like me! :)))

            He “suckered” you with his OBLIQUE “support” of
            English in Ukraine — WHILE IGNORING RUSSIFICATION OF UKRAINE & THE
            CONTINUING SUPPORT OF TAX PAYER FUNDED RUSKI LANG. SCHOOLS & THE
            CURRENT BS LANG. LAW IN UKRAINE etc.. — an “ENGLISH LANG. *DODGE*!!


            Also THAT MOLE IS AGAINST the enforcement of the Rada approved LANG.
            LAW that FAT, CORRUPT POROSHENKO WON’T SIGN!!! — The SCUMBAG!!! )

            Claims
            that Ruski will get “mad” if there is a “ban on Russian” (as he calls
            such) — the LYING RUSKI MOLE POS!!! — and that the Ruski “might”
            side with PUTIN!!!! — OH MY!!!! HEAVEN HELP US!!! :)

            {Ruski don’t worry at all about offending Ukes, do they now?}
            .. and that “a Russian language ban wouldn’t work.”

            BS!!! — Then Y TF did the monhols BAN UKIE in those BS “republics”?

            (BESIDES BANNING ALL LANGUAGES EXCEPT RUSSIAN( UNDER PUTIN LAST YEAR) IN THE RUSKI “FEDERATION”?

            Language
            “bans” — DO WORK!!!— Look at KUBAN, BELHOROD, KURSK etc… I have
            pointed the above out– REPEATEDLY — he repeats THE SAME RUSKI
            **MOLE** LIES — REPEATEDLY!

            Ukie LANGUAGE HAS ALWAYS BEEN A KEY POINT FOR THE RUSKI SCUMBAGS!!! — FOR CENTURIES!

            AZOV
            & AYDAR VOLUNTEER BATTALIONS ARE LEARNING UKRAINIAN … it is
            merely historical justice — many Russophone are actually Ukrainian
            ETHNICALLY anyway — and if not — they still live in **UKRAINE** !

            The
            OLD LANG. LAW — in effect for 22 years –OVERTURNED BY FAT TRAITOR
            YANUKOVYCZ — didn’t bother monhols — and the BS Yanuk. law — STILL
            DIDN’T PREVENT THOSE STUPID MONHOL HORDES FROM PANICKING &
            SCREAMING:

            “GENOCIDE OF RUSSIAN SPEAKERS!!!! A-Y-Y-Y-Y-E-E-E-eeeeee !!!!! ”

            The world does NOT revolve around Ruski idiots & **MOLES** .

            Ukrainian language bans:

            The Ukrainian language has survived 134 prohibitions in 400 years! So which language needs protection?
            The chronology of Ukrainian language bans:

            XVII century
            1627
            – order of Tsar Mikhail, petitioned by the Moscow Patriarch Filaret to
            burn all copies of the “Uchitel” Bible published in Ukraine by Kirilo
            Stavrovetskiy.
            1696 – order of the Polish Seym to implement the Polish language in courts and institutions of Right Bank Ukraine
            1690
            – the condemnation and anathema of the Russian Patriarchal Church of
            “Kyivskia Novia Knigi” of Petro Mohyla, Kirilo Stavrovetskiy, S.
            Polotskiy, L. Baranovich, A. Radzivilovskiy and others.

            XVIII century
            1720
            – order of Muscovite Tsar Pyotr I regarding the ban of book printing in
            Ukrainian and the elimination of Ukrainian texts from church scriptures
            1729 – order of Pyotr II to rewrite all government orders from Ukrainian into Russian
            1731
            – order of Tsarina Anna Ivanovna to confiscate Ukrainian printed books,
            and to “teach sciences in our own Russian language.” In the secret
            instruction to the head of Ukraine Prince O. Shakhovskiy in 1734 she
            ordered to by all means to prevent Ukrainians to marry Poles and
            Belorussians, “and to artificially engage them with Big Russians.”
            1763 – order of Catherine II regarding the ban on teaching in Ukrainian in the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
            1769 – prohibition of the Sinode of the Russian Patriarchal Church to print and use the Ukrainian bukvar
            1775 – the ruin of the Zaporizhya Sich and the closure of Ukrainian schools in Cossack chancelleries.
            1789 – the order of the Education Committee of the Polish Seym regarding the closure of all Ukrainian schools

            XIX century
            1817 – the provision of the Polish language in all national schools of Western Ukraine
            1832 – the reorganisation of education in Right-Bank Ukraine on pan-imperial orders with using Russian language for teaching
            1847
            – the ruin of the Kirilo-Methodius association and the increase of
            harsh persecution of Ukrainian language and culture, the ban on the best
            masterpieces of Shevchenko, Kulish, Kostomarov and others
            1859 – the
            Ministry of Religions and Sciences of Austro-Hungary in Eastern Galicia
            and Bukovina tried to replace the Ukrainian cyrillic alphabet with a
            latin one
            1862 – the closure of free Sunday Ukrainian schools for adults in Russia-governed Ukraine
            1863
            – Valuyev order regarding the ban on censure allowance on printing
            Ukrainian spiritual and popular education literature: “there is and can
            not be any separate Maloros language”
            1864 – the affirmation of the
            Statute regarding primary school, according to which education should
            only be carried out in Russian
            1869 – the provision of the Polish language as the official language of education and administration of Eastern galicia
            1870
            – the explanation of the Russian Minister of Education D. Tolstogo that
            “the end goal of the education of all foreigners has to be
            Russification”
            1876 – the Ems order of Alexander II regarding the
            prohibition on printing and import from outside the country of any
            Ukrainian language literature, as well as the prohibition of Ukrainian
            theatrical performances and printing of Ukrainian texts on sheet music,
            therefore national songs.
            1881 – the ban on teaching in public schools and church services in Ukrainians
            1884 – the ban of Alexander III of Ukrainian theatrical performances in all Maloros governments
            1888
            – the order of Alexander III regarding the ban of using Ukrainian in
            all official institutions and baptisms with Ukrainian names
            1892 – the ban on translating books from Russian to Ukrainian
            1895 – the ban of the Main Headquarters in Questions of Printing to publish children’s books in Ukrainian

            XX century
            1908
            – four tears after the Russian Academy of Sciences acknowledge the
            Ukrainian language, the Senate announces the Ukrainian-speaking cultural
            and education activity to be harmful for the empire
            1910 – the
            closure on order of Stolipin’s government of all Ukrainian cultural
            associations, publishing houses, the ban on lecturing in Ukrainian, the
            ban on creating any non-Russian clubs
            1911 – the order of the VII
            Dvorian Assembly in Moscow regarding exclusively Russian-language
            education and the unacceptability of using any other languages in
            Russian schools
            1914 – the ban on celebrating Taras Shevchenko’s 100th birthday; the order of Nikolai II regarding the ban of Ukrainian press
            1914, 1916 – the campaigns of Russification in Western Ukraine; the prohibition of the Ukrainian language, education, church.
            1922
            – the proclamation of part of the leadership of the CC RCP and CPSU of
            the “theory” of two cultures fighting in Ukraine – the city (Russian)
            and the village (Ukrainian) cultures, in which the former must win
            1924
            – the order of the Polish Republic to limit the use of Ukrainian in
            administrative institutions, courts, education on lands governed by the
            Polish
            1924 – the order of the Romanian Kingdom regarding the
            obligation of all “Romanians,” who have “lost their mother tongue” to
            educate their children in Romanian schools only.
            1925 – the final closure of the Ukrainian “secret” university in Lviv
            1926
            – Stalin’s letter to “Comrade Kaganovich and other members of the
            Politbureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine”
            with the emphasis on fighting against “national inclinations,” the
            beginning of persecution of “Ukrainisation” activists
            1933 – Stalin’s telegram regarding the suspension of “Ukrainisation”
            1933
            – the abolition in Romania of the ministry order of December 31st of
            1929, which allowed several hours of Ukrainian language a week in
            schools with a majority of Ukrainian students
            1934 – the special
            order of the Ministry of Education of Romania regarding the firing “for
            animosity to the state and the Romanian people” of all Ukrainian
            teachers which demanded the return of the Ukrainian language to schools
            1938
            – the order of the Council of People’s Commissars and the CC of the SCP
            “Regarding the compulsory learning of the Russian language in the
            schools of national republics and regions,” the according order of the
            Council of People’s Commissars and the Communist Party of Ukraine
            1947
            – operation “Visla”; the dispersal of part of Ukrainians from ethnic
            Ukrainian lands together with Poles in Western Poland in order to speed
            up their “polonisation”
            1958 – article 20 of the Basis of USSR
            Legislation and that of soviet republics regarding national education of
            the free choice of language of learning; the learning of all languages
            except for Russian by choice of the students’ parents
            1960-1980 – mass closures of Ukrainian schools in Poland and Romania
            1970 – the order that theses can only be written in Russian
            1972 – the ban by party bodies of the celebration of Kotlyarevskiy Museum’s jubilee in Poltava
            1973 – the ban on the celebration on the anniversary on Kotlyarevskiy’s masterpiece “The Eneid”
            1972
            – the order of the CC CPSU “Regarding the preparations for the 50th
            anniversary of the creation of the USSR,” in which for the first time
            the “creation of a new historical community – the soviet people” is
            proclaimed, an official de-nationalisation course
            1978 – the order of
            the CC CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR “Regarding the
            means of further improvement of learning and teaching the Russian
            language in Soviet republics” (“Brezhnev document”)
            1983 – the order
            of the CC CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR “Regarding
            additional measures in improving the learning of the Russian language in
            public schools and other learning institutions of Soviet republics”
            (“Andropov order”), which in particular instills a 16% increase in the
            salaries of the teachers of the Russian language and literature; the
            directive of the collegium of the Ministry of Education of the Ukrainian
            Socialist Republic “regarding additional measures of improving the
            learning or the Russian language in public schools, pedagogical learning
            institutions, pre-school and post-school institutions of the republic,”
            directed at increasing russification.
            1984 – the order of the CC
            CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR “Regarding the further
            improvement of public middle school education of the youth and the
            improvement of working conditions of public schools”
            1984 – the
            beginning of 15% increase in salaries for Russian language teachers in
            comparison with Ukrainian language teachers in Ukraine
            1984 – the
            order of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR regarding the transfer of
            all businesses in all museums of the USSR to the Russian language
            1989 – the order of the CC CPSU “regarding the legal fixation of the Russian language as the official national language”
            1990
            – the approval of the law regarding the languages of the people of the
            USSR in which Russian is deemed the official language

            (latest bans are under Putin & in the BS rebel republics — Ukie libraries closed of course as usual!)

            ———–
            How Kremlin’s “minority rights” defenders are supporting Russian …
            euromaidanpress.com/2017/04/03/105898/

            Apr 3, 2017 – The Kremlin uses so-called “experts on minority rights” to support Russian expansionism in Ukraine.
            ————————

            Ruski SCUMBAG MOLE “Alex George/MichaelA” as “helpful” for Ukieland as Ruski Foreign Ministry “friendly advice” for Ukraine:

            https://twitter.com/mfa_russia/status/847372231483183104/photo/1

    • Rafael Hernandez

      Total utter BS

      • Alex George

        Why?

        • Ihor Dawydiak

          Perhaps blind sided or baffled silly?

        • Rafael Hernandez

          I won’t waste my energy trying to explain Igor’s flawments in his comment to such a brainwashed individual like you.

          • Alex George

            So in other words, you have no idea.

            Typical uneducated Russian.

    • Alex George

      What I find really interesting is that the Russian commentators are openly discussing the possibility of parts of the Russian Federation breaking away:

      “Anpilogov says, “…. Even in the event of the radical weakening of the central power in Rus and the rise of separatist tendencies in Kuban, this would have no relationship to Ukraine.”

      I suspect many Russians know that the current situation is unsustainable. Just as Gorbachev had to let eastern Europe go, so Putin (or more likely his successor) is going to have to let go Kuban, Tatarstan, Far East and many other regions of the RF.

      • Murf

        Thinking about the unthinkable.

  • zorbatheturk

    The only good thing about the Iron Curtain was it kept the RuSSians in.

  • Dagwood Bumstead

    Tsarist maps show that the Kuban was overwhelmingly etchically Ukrainian. This changed as a result of the Holodomor, which also hit the Kuban badly. Stalin sent ethnic Russians to replace the deceased Ukrainians, as he did elsewhere. Kazakhstan was another affected area, where ethnic Kazakhs were replaced by ethnic Russians after Filipp Goloshchekin (one of Tsar Nicholas II’s murderers) caused an artificial famine there using the same methods as were used in the Kuban and the Ukraine.

    • Ihor Dawydiak

      It remains to be seen if the people in the Kuban Region will formally seek future unification with Ukraine but it is a known fact that a significant number of their populace recognize their Ukrainian roots (regardless of the current language they use) and many if not most of the people have an ax to grind against their Muscovite overlords. In addition, they are not oblivious to their own future prosperity. The future lies in Europe (perhaps as a region of Ukraine) and not in the skanky backwaters of Muscovy.

      • Scradje

        It absolutely should be reunified with Ukraine, partly to correct a historical injustice and partly as a contribution towards reparations for totally unacceptable aggression. Furthermore, all of the Caucasus region is Russian occupied territory that needs to be liberated and all Russian occupied territories east of the Urals need to be granted their independence.

        • Ihor Dawydiak

          Yes indeed. It must also never be forgotten that Tsarina Catherine the Great willed the Kuban Region to the Zaporozhian Host and their descendants in PERPETUITY and it was the Zaporozhian Host that represented the people of Ukraine.

    • Rafael Hernandez

      Maps before 1917 shows that Donbass and Crimea was Russian territory. Maps show that Western Ukraine was eastern Poland before 1917.

      • Alex George

        No they don’t. Those maps show that Crimea was administered as part of what is now Ukraine.

        That is why Crimea belongs to Ukraine. Russia has no rights there. It is merely an illegal interloper, like the Nazzis were in 1942, and it will leave.

      • Dagwood Bumstead

        Even if they do, so what? The Crimea is Ukrainian and has been since Georgi Malenkov transferred the peninsula to the Ukrainian SSR in January 1954, something explicitly recognised by both Yeltsin and your demented pedophile Kremlin dwarf leader in the various treaties they signed with Kyiv.
        Those Tsarist maps also show that Belgorod, Taganrog and other territory was Ukrainian before the Civil War. The RSFSR stole those territories between 1919 and 1922, so it’s high time Dwarfstan hands them back to Kyiv.

  • Tony

    Ukraine should give office, funds, weapons and political support to every russian separatist. Let russians have a taste of their own medicine.

    • Dagwood Bumstead

      The dwarf loves separatists so much that he actively supports them in other countries, so he can hardly complain if others support separatists in Dwarfstan. Sauce for the goose, sauce for the gander and all that.

    • Alex George

      True.

      It is amazing the difference a year makes – Russian separatism always existed, but now it is gathering force.