Holocaust Remembrance Day

Yom_Hashoah_candle

 

2015/04/15 • History

April 15th, 2015 is known in Israel and abroad as Yom HaShoah (יום השואה) or a “Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day”. It is observed as a day of commemoration for the approximately six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust as a result of actions carried out by Nazi Germany.

Ukraine is 4th Righteous Among The Nations list that reflects number of Jews saved in each country as well as rescue operations according to Israel’s Yad Vashem (official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust, established in 1953)

Below is small collection of stories of Ukrainians saving Jews during the Holocaust

“Tkachuk, Vasiliy Tkachuk, Marfa Tkachuk, Khristina Zatvornitskaya (Tkachuk), Anna Vasiliy Tkachuk, his wife, Marfa, and their daughter Khristina lived in the village of Lukanovka, Odesa District (today Lukanivka, Mykolayiv District). The Germans conquered the area in August 1941, and one day in October of that year, a Jewish boy knocked on the door of the Tkachuks’ home. The nine-year-old child, Yuriy Mogilevskiy, had been hiding for a few days in a field adjacent to the village and farmers had taken him food every night. The Tkachuks invited Mogilevskiy to stay in their home and, from that day on, he became part of their family.

Tkachuk family

Initially, the Tkachuks hid Mogilevskiy in their granary or the attic, and he only came into the house    at night. Mogilevskiy soon fell ill with typhus and was suffering terribly. He survived the disease     however because despite the lack of medication, the Tkachuk family took care of him lovingly and nursed him back to good health. While he was ill, Mogilevskiy was moved to the home of Anna Zatvornitskaya, the Tkachuks’ married daughter who also lived in Lukanovka. When he recovered, Mogilevskiy returned to the Tkachuks, whom he regarded as his adopted parents. Mogilevskiy stayed with them even after the liberation, in March 1944, because his home in Pervomaysk, Odesa, had been destroyed and his parents and other family members had perished in 1941. He remained there until 1948, when he moved to Moscow. Mogilevskiy moved to Israel in the 1990s. Throughout this time, he never lost contact with the Tkachuk family. During the war, the Tkachuks also occasionally afforded shelter to Olga Kreichman and her son Misha and the sisters Roza and Raya Shmilyk. On September 29, 1994, Yad Vashem recognized Vasiliy and Marfa Tkachuk, and their daughters, Khristina Tkachuk and Anna Zatvornitskaya (née Tkachuk) as Righteous Among the Nations.” (source of the story and image: Yad Vashem Memorial – http://www.yadvashem.org)


 

“Mikhalchuk, Yakov Mikhalchuk, Fedora Kravchenko (Mikhalchuk), Nadezhda Mikhalchuk, Mariya Lisyuk, Dmitro Lisyuk, Paraska Dikun (Lisyuk), Yelena Yakov Mikhalchuk, his wife, Fedora, and their daughters, Nadezhda and Mariya, lived in the village of Rudnya-Novenkaya, Kamenets-Podolsk District (today Rudnya-Noven’ka, Khmel’nyts’kyy District). By 1941 Nadezhda was married and the mother of a little girl. In October 1942, Valentina Neiman, her three-year-old daughter Genya and her sister, Fira Niznik, knocked on the Mikhalchuks’ door. The Mikhalchuks recognized the three Jews as residents of the adjacent village of Savichi (Savychi), and after they told the Mikhalchuks about the difficulties they had faced over the previous 16 months of occupation and about losing their families, they asked for temporary shelter in the Mikhalchuks’ home. Yakov prepared a hiding place for the three Jews under the floor of the storeroom, where they could only lie down and every few nights they were allowed out to wash and to breathe some fresh air. Overwhelmed by the burden of harboring three Jews, Mikhalchuk told his secret to his good friend Dmitro Lisyuk, also a resident of Rudnya-Novenkaya. Lisyuk then offered to help and in December 1942, the Jews were moved into his home, where they hid for a few months. Dmitro and Paraska Lisyuk had five daughters, of whom 18-year-old Yelena was the eldest. She was the only child that knew about the Jews’ presence and she helped look after them and ensured that her younger sisters would not discover anything. After some time, the Jews returned to the Mikhalchuks’ home, where they stayed until the liberation. After the war, the survivors renewed contact with their rescuers and expressed their gratitude to them. On September 29, 1996, Yad Vashem recognized Yakov and Fedora Mikhalchuk, their daughters, Mariya Mikhalchuk and Nadezhda Kravchenko, and Dmitro and Paraska Lisyuk, as Righteous Among the Nations. On October 23, 2000, Yad Vashem recognized Yelena Dikun (née Lisyuk) as Righteous Among the Nations.” (source of the story: Yad Vashem Memorial – http://www.yadvashem.org)


 

Krivoruchko, Semyon Krivoruchko, Yelena Derun, Safron Derun, Solomiya Derun, Tatyana Semyon Krivoruchko and his wife, Yelena, were farmers living in the village of Kudlai, district of Vinnitsa (today Kudlayi, Vinnytsya District). In mid July 1941 the Germans occupied the area. Two months later their Jewish acquaintance from nearby Nemirov (Nemyriv), Vera Viron, and her four-year-old daughter Yevgeniya came to ask the Krivoruchkos for shelter. Vera instinctively felt the danger and decided not to enter the ghetto established by then in Nemirov. Instead she and her little daughter started wandering the rural area, trying to find a place where people would not recognize them. The village of Kudlai was one of their stops on the road, and since Vera was acquainted with some of the villagers she preferred not to stay there openly. The Krivoruchkos hid Viron and her daughter for several days and then accompanied them to the neighboring village of Bayrakovka (Bayrakivka), where Semyon’s sister Solomiya lived with her husband, Safron Derun, and their 17-year-old daughter Tatyana. The Deruns welcomed Vera and Yevgeniya into their home. At the beginning of the German occupation, Safron Derun, highly respected by his co-villagers, was chosen to be the village head. His statement that Vera and Yevgeniya were his wife’s relatives was enough for the residents of Bayrakovka and they did not ask more questions. Thus, in quiet times the two Jews lived in the village openly, and Vera worked together with other farmers. But when the authorities’ representatives were expected to pay a visit, or sudden searches conducted, Vera and her daughter fled, with the help of Tatyana Derun, to the nearby forest and stayed there until the danger was over. In October 1943, Solomiya Derun gave birth to another daughter, Antonina, and Yevgeniya looked after the baby when the adults were working in the fields. In March 1944, after the liberation of the area, Semyon Krivoruchko enlisted in the Red Army and fell in combat. Vera and Yevgeniya (later Dekhtyaruk) returned to Nemirov and kept in touch with their wartime rescuers for many years. On June 11, 1996, Yad Vashem recognized Semyon and Yelena Krivoruchko, and Solomiya and Safron Derun, as Righteous Among the Nations. On February 10, 2003, Yad Vashem recognized Tatyana Derun as Righteous Among the Nations.” (source of the story: Yad Vashem Memorial – http://www.yadvashem.org)


 

Chertok familyMembers of EuroMaidanPress’s own editor and contributor Paula Chertok’s family were both Holocaust victims and survivors. Her Grandfather helped to evacuate Paula’s mother and Grandmother with plans of joining them later. However that did not happen, since he and all Jews of Mariupol were told to head to the agricultural field call Agrobaza, outside of the city. On October 18, 1941 together with the remaining Jews of Mariupol he was executed by members of the Sonderkommando 10a, part of the Einsatzgrupper D unit. There was only one eyewitness account of a girl who survived the massacre by pretending to be dead when the rest of the people were shot.

 

Let us remember and never forget all the innocent victims of Nazi crimes. Yom HaShoah.

 

Edited by: Paula Chertok

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  • puttypants

    May they rest in peace and may we never see such horror again!!!

  • disqus_aJpixObjG7

    …The holocaust was one of the greatest, egregious demonic world historic catastrophes! That is undeniable!

    & guess what?…

    the HOLODOMOR WAS AN EVEN GREATER ONE,

    In fact it is the GREATEST GENOCIDAL EPISODE OF ALL HUMAN HISTORY as recognized officially by the European Union and most Western nations…

    BETWEEN 7 & 10 MILLION UKRAINIANS WERE MURDERED BY russians thru FAMINE…in ONE SINGLE YEAR

    among them THREE MILLION UKRAINIAN CHILDREN

    yet only one in a thousand knows of it…. hmmmm… why is that?

    Steve Spielberg spat on all UKRAINIANS at the end of his film Schindler’s List by showing a lone man ambling, riding up to Auschwitz -Birkenau on a nag and portrayed as a virulent anti- semite.

    NO PEOPLE ON THIS ENTIRE EARTH GAVE ANYTHING CLOSE TO WHAT UKRAINIANS DID TO DEFEAT HITLER AND SAVE THE JEWISH PEOPLE!!!!!!

    1st UKRAINIAN FRONT

    2nd UKRAINIAN FRONT

    3rd UKRAINIAN FRONT

    4th UKRAINIAN FRONT

    5th UKRAINIAN FRONT

    comprising 7.4 million troops…

    THAT’S SEVEN POINT FOUR MILLION TROOPS got that? KNOW IT!

    S-E-V-E-N P-O-I-N-T F-O-U-R M-I-L-L-I-O-N UKRAINIAN, UKRAINIAN UKRAINIAN…not some “russian” TROOPS defeated Germany in UKRAINE as Churchill wrote.

    UKRAINIANS NOT “russians” LIBERATED AUSCHWITZ & almost all the german concentration camps… did you know that?

    Not even most Ukrainians know this FACT

    And yet the Jewish people continue to WRONGFULLY, constantly VILIFY and curse UKRAINIANS…. calling them anti-semites, nazis etc.

    15% of Ukraine’s population were JEWISH BECAUSE RUSSIA DROVE THEM OUT and they lived in Ukraine. Russia ordered pogroms from Moscow.

    MOST “UKRAINIANS” WHO HELPED THE GERMANS against the Jews in WWII were in fact ETHNIC GERMANS IN UKRAINE – THE “HILFSPOLIZEI” etc were mostly ethnic Germans, not UKRAINIANS. Did you know that? Know it!

    UKRAINIANS HAVE RECEIVED STRICT ORDERS:

    “SHUT YOUR MOUTHS ABOUT THE HOLODOMOR OR ELSE…”

  • disqus_aJpixObjG7

    The holocaust was one of the greatest, egregious demonic world
    historic catastrophes! That is undeniable! We have all heard it a
    thousand, a million times.

    & guess what?…

    the HOLODOMOR WAS AN EVEN GREATER ONE,

    In fact it is the GREATEST GENOCIDAL EPISODE OF ALL HUMAN HISTORY

    as recognized OFFICIALLY by the European Union and most Western nations…

    BETWEEN 7 & 10 MILLION UKRAINIANS WERE MURDERED BY russians thru FAMINE…in ONE SINGLE YEAR

    among them THREE MILLION UKRAINIAN CHILDREN

  • disqus_aJpixObjG7

    Steve Spielberg spat on all UKRAINIANS at the end of his film
    Schindler’s List by showing a lone man ambling, riding up to
    Auschwitz-Birkenau on a nag and portrayed as a virulent anti- semite.

    NO PEOPLE ON THIS ENTIRE EARTH GAVE ANYTHING CLOSE TO WHAT UKRAINIANS DID TO DEFEAT HITLER AND SAVE THE JEWISH PEOPLE!!!!!!

    for emphasis, let’s repeat,
    NO PEOPLE ON THIS ENTIRE EARTH GAVE ANYTHING CLOSE TO WHAT UKRAINIANS DID TO DEFEAT HITLER AND SAVE THE JEWISH PEOPLE!!!!!!

    UKRAINE’S POPULATION FELL BY 14 MILLION IN WW2

    (for every American who died in WWII, 56 UKRAINIANS DIED!) consider this FACT.

    67% of ALL GERMAN FORCES- WORLDWIDE- INCLUDING ELITE & SS UNITS FOUGHT in UKRAINE- Did you know that? KNOW IT!

  • disqus_aJpixObjG7

    There are 2240 UKRAINIAN “RIGHTEOUS” honored in Jerusalem. It is
    acknowledged that THERE WERE TENS OF THOUSANDS MORE- but they were
    murdered by russians and germans before they could receive recognition.

  • disqus_aJpixObjG7

    UKRAINE’S POPULATION FELL BY 14 MILLION IN WW2

    (for every American who died in WWII, 56 UKRAINIANS DIED!) consider this FACT.

    67% of ALL GERMAN FORCES- WORLDWIDE- INCLUDING ELITE & SS UNITS FOUGHT in UKRAINE- Did you know that? KNOW IT!

    Soviet total WW2 death toll: 23 million.
    UKRAINE ALONE14 million.
    ALL THE SOVIET REPUBLICS put TOGETHER including “russia” lost a total of 9 million.

    UKRAINE LOST 150% of what all the other Soviet republics put together lost! Did you know that? KNOW IT! Tell others.

    1st UKRAINIAN FRONT

    2nd UKRAINIAN FRONT

    3rd UKRAINIAN FRONT

    4th UKRAINIAN FRONT

    5th UKRAINIAN FRONT

    comprising 7.4 million troops…

    THAT’S SEVEN POINT FOUR MILLION TROOPS got that? KNOW IT!

    S-E-V-E-N
    P-O-I-N-T F-O-U-R M-I-L-L-I-O-N UKRAINIAN, UKRAINIAN UKRAINIAN…not
    some “russian” TROOPS defeated Germany in UKRAINE as Churchill wrote.

    Churchill wrote: WORLD WAR II WAS DECIDED IN UKRAINE! Did you know that? Why not?

    UKRAINIANS NOT “russians” LIBERATED AUSCHWITZ & almost all the other german concentration camps… did you know that?

    Not even most Ukrainians know this FACT.

  • disqus_aJpixObjG7

    UKRAINIANS NOT “russians” LIBERATED AUSCHWITZ & almost all the other german concentration camps… did you know that?

    Not even most Ukrainians know this FACT.

    And
    yet the Jewish people continue to WRONGFULLY, constantly VILIFY and
    curse UKRAINIANS…. calling them anti-semites, nazis etc. still today
    in the Western media.

    15% of Ukraine’s population were JEWISH
    BECAUSE RUSSIA DROVE THEM OUT and they lived in Ukraine. Russia ordered
    pogroms from Moscow.

    David Selznick, Lord Grade, Golda Meir, Hedy
    Lamar,Kirk Douglas, Barbra Streisand, Dustin Hoffman Bob Dylan, Leonard
    Nimoy, Mila Kunis… etc etc etc etc etc etc ETC were not “russian” Jews
    they all were/are of Ukrainian origin.

    MOST “UKRAINIANS” WHO
    HELPED THE GERMANS against the Jews in WWII were in fact ETHNIC GERMANS
    IN UKRAINE – THE “HILFSPOLIZEI” etc were mostly ethnic Germans, not
    UKRAINIANS. Did you know that? Know it!

    Ukrainian history and knowledge of themselves and who they are has been STOLEN, PERVERTED, LIBELLED, ANNEXED throughout history.

    There
    are 2240 UKRAINIAN “RIGHTEOUS” honored in Jerusalem. It is acknowledged
    that THERE WERE TENS OF THOUSANDS MORE- but they were murdered by
    russians and germans before they could receive recognition.Unfortunately, the media & UKRAINIANS HAVE RECEIVED STRICT ORDERS:
    “SHUT YOUR MOUTHS ABOUT THE HOLODOMOR OR ELSE…”

  • disqus_aJpixObjG7

    As we have all heard about the holocaust thousands of times, let us on this occasion also have an extremely rare opportunity to ponder a far greater but censored genocide, the HOLODOMOR:

    Boys from another school pulled out the severed head of a
    classmate while fishing in a pond. His whole family had died. Had they
    eaten him first? Or had he survived the deaths of his parents only to be
    killed by a cannibal? No one knew; but such questions were commonplace
    for the children of Ukraine in 1933. … Yet cannibalism was, sometimes, a
    victimless crime. Some mothers and fathers killed their children and
    ate them. … But other parents asked their children to make use of their
    own bodies if they passed away. More than one Ukrainian child had to
    tell a brother or sister: “Mother says that we should eat her if she
    dies.”

    — Timothy Snyder, “Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin” (2010)

    While Vladimir Putin, Stalin’s spawn, ponders what to do with what
    remains of Ukraine, remember: Nine years before the January 1942 Wannsee
    Conference, at which the Nazis embarked on industrialized genocide,
    Stalin deliberately inflicted genocidal starvation on Ukraine.

    To fathom the tangled forces, including powerful ones of memory, at
    work in that singularly tormented place, begin with Mr. Snyder’s
    stunning book. Secretary of State John Kerry has called Russia’s
    invasion of Ukraine “a 19th-century act in the 21st century.” Mr. Snyder
    reminds us that “Europeans deliberately starved Europeans in horrific
    numbers in the middle of the 20th century.” Here is Mr. Snyder’s
    distillation of a Welsh journalist’s description of a Ukrainian city:

    “People appeared at 2 o’clock in the morning to queue in front of
    shops that did not open until 7. On an average day 40,000 people would
    wait for bread. Those in line were so desperate to keep their places
    that they would cling to the belts of those immediately in front of
    them. … The waiting lasted all day, and sometimes for two. … Somewhere
    in line a woman would wail, and the moaning would echo up and down the
    line, so that the whole group of thousands sounded like a single animal
    with an elemental fear.”

    This, which occurred about as close to Paris as Washington is to
    Denver, was an engineered famine, the intended result of Stalin’s
    decision that agriculture should be collectivized and the “kulaks” —
    prosperous farmers — should be “liquidated as a class.”

    In January 1933, Stalin, writes Mr. Snyder, sealed Ukraine’s borders
    so peasants could not escape and sealed the cities so peasants could not
    go there to beg. By spring, more than 10,000 Ukrainians were dying each
    day, more than the 6,000 Jews who perished daily in Auschwitz at the
    peak of extermination in the spring of 1944.

    Soon, many Ukrainian children resembled “embryos out of alcohol
    bottles” (Arthur Koestler’s description) and there were, in Mr. Snyder’s
    words, “roving bands of cannibals”: “In the villages smoke coming from a
    cottage chimney was a suspicious sign, since it tended to mean that
    cannibals were eating a kill or that families were roasting one of their
    members.”

    Mr. Snyder, a Yale historian, is judicious about estimates of
    Ukrainian deaths from hunger and related diseases in 1932 and 1933,
    settling on an educated guess of approximately 3.3 million. He says that
    when “the Soviet census of 1937 found 8 million fewer people than
    projected,” many of the missing being victims of starvation in Ukraine
    and elsewhere (and the children they did not have), Stalin “had the
    responsible demographers executed.”

    Mr. Putin, who was socialized in the Soviet-era KGB apparatus of
    oppression, aspires to reverse the Soviet Union’s collapse, which he
    considers “the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the [20th] century.”
    Herewith a final description from Mr. Snyder of the consequences of the
    Soviet system, the passing of which Mr. Putin so regrets:

    “One spring morning, amidst the piles of dead peasants at the Kharkiv
    market, an infant suckled the breast of its mother, whose face was a
    lifeless gray. Passersby had seen this before … that precise scene, the
    tiny mouth, the last drops of milk, the cold nipple. The Ukrainians had a
    term for this. They said to themselves, quietly, as they passed: ‘These
    are the buds of the socialist spring.’ ”