Copyright © 2024

The work of Euromaidan Press is supported by the International Renaissance Foundation

When referencing our materials, please include an active hyperlink to the Euromaidan Press material and a maximum 500-character extract of the story. To reprint anything longer, written permission must be acquired from [email protected].

Privacy and Cookie Policies.

Russia hits 2 million large-caliber munitions yearly; 500k shortfall covered by North Korea

First Belarus, then Iran, and now mainly North Korea have covered Russia’s ammunition shortfalls, according to Ukrainian intelligence
Russia hits 2 million large-caliber munitions yearly; 500k shortfall covered by North Korea

Russia has reached production of 2 million large-caliber shells annually but still depends on imports to cover a deficit of 500,000 rounds, with North Korea emerging as the main supplier, a top Ukrainian military intelligence official said.

“Russia fulfilled its 2023 defense order and achieved capacity for 2 million 122mm and 152mm artillery munitions per year,” said Major General Vadym Skibitskyi, deputy head of Ukraine’s Defense Intelligence, in the podcast (un)Safe country.

However, Russia had to tap foreign sources in 2023 to fill shortfalls, firstly Belarus, then Iran, and now mainly North Korea, Skibitskyi outlined.

“We essentially know from where, how, at which depots they were stored in Russia and how they were then delivered to the front. And it was precisely these supplies that allowed Russia’s defense ministry to almost fulfill its plan,” he remarked.

But further expanding production requires more effort on components like propellants, explosives, and detonators, entailing raw materials, experts, and equipment, he explained.

“Our assessment is that Russia will still face a 500,000 large-caliber ammunition deficit annually and will have to cover it from external sources,” Skibitskyi predicted.

On Ukraine’s munitions output, he said this hinges on Western partners. Increased shell production was raised at the third Ramstein meeting in June 2022.

“Over a year has passed, and we see Western defense industries are ramping up capabilities, but this doesn’t happen instantly, as we see with artillery systems, armor, and ammunition,” Skibitskyi concluded.

Currently, the EU is keeping optimistic about its pledge to provide 1 million shells to Ukraine by spring. Meanwhile, Ukraine’s needs can be estimated at around 590,000 a month.


You could close this page. Or you could join our community and help us produce more materials like this.  We keep our reporting open and accessible to everyone because we believe in the power of free information. This is why our small, cost-effective team depends on the support of readers like you to bring deliver timely news, quality analysis, and on-the-ground reports about Russia's war against Ukraine and Ukraine's struggle to build a democratic society. A little bit goes a long way: for as little as the cost of one cup of coffee a month, you can help build bridges between Ukraine and the rest of the world, plus become a co-creator and vote for topics we should cover next. Become a patron or see other ways to support. Become a Patron!

To suggest a correction or clarification, write to us here

You can also highlight the text and press Ctrl + Enter

Please leave your suggestions or corrections here

    Will the West continue to support Ukraine?
    • Know what moves the world.
    • Stay informed with Kompreno.
    • Get quality journalism from across Europe.
    Special discount
    for Euromaidan Press readers
    Euromaidan Press

    We are an independent media outlet that relies solely on advertising revenue to sustain itself. We do not endorse or promote any products or services for financial gain. Therefore, we kindly ask for your support by disabling your ad blocker. Your assistance helps us continue providing quality content. Thank you!

    Related Posts