This analysis of Canadian foreign policy was presented to Russian audiences on the state TV channel Rossiya 1 last Sunday, 13 January.
At the same time, the story is an example of the tendency in pro-Kremlin media to portray international criticism of Russia as irrational and the result of conspiracies.
Legitimizing Russian military aggression
Even if Rossiya 1’s report is at first glance about Canada, it quickly becomes clear that the main aim is to talk about Ukraine.
The item opens by showing a cemetery in Canada with the gravestones of Ukrainian soldiers who fought Soviet troops alongside Waffen-SS during World War 2.
This sets a tone of guilt by association and allows Rossiya 1 to present a number of Canadian politicians of Ukrainian descent, including foreign minister Chrystia Freeland, as suspicious, for example when they appear in public wearing traditional Ukrainian clothing, the vyshyvanka.
Criticism of the Kremlin portrayed as irrational
This framing makes it unnecessary to show the real reasons why Canada and other members of the international community have e.g. imposed sanctions on Russia, namely the Kremlin’s aggressive policies towards Ukraine.
A classical propaganda trick
Rossiya 1 supports this narrative with a classical propaganda trick.
The TV channel invites an expert to explain the role played by descendants of Ukrainian immigrants in Canadian politics.
The commentator, who speaks fluent Russian, is presented as simply “Irina Bronnikova, a resident of Toronto”; however, Canada’s national public broadcaster, CBC, identified her as “director of the Russian Congress of Canada, a group seen as being very pro-President Vladimir Putin”.
Escalation of anti-Ukrainian language
The Rossiya 1 report from Canada was introduced by the weekly show’s host, Dmitry Kiselyov, who has been personally sanctioned both by the EU and by Canada for his role in the government propaganda supporting the deployment of Russian forces in Ukraine.
The program was aired just two days before official Moscow stepped up its threats against Ukraine, which this time suggested that Ukraine could soon cease to exist a country.
- How Russian propaganda denigrates Ukraine with disinformation
- Ukraine remained under information fire from Russia in 2018
- “No Russian armed forces have even been in Ukraine” and other recent narratives of Russian propaganda
- Ukraine-related narratives dominate Russian propaganda – disinformation watchdogs