Ukraine extends quarantine, introduces emergency situation regime amid reports on two more COVID-19 deaths

Meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Kyiv, 25 March 2019. Photo: kmu.gov.ua 

Ukraine

Amid the ongoing worldwide pandemic of the novel strain of coronavirus COVID-19, Ukraine shows a relatively low infection spread and mortality rate at the moment as compared to other European countries. The first infection case in Ukraine was confirmed two weeks ago and on the morning of 26 March, the Health Ministry reported a total of 156 coronavirus cases in Ukraine, including 150 active cases, five deaths, and one recovery case.

Infographic: pravda.com.ua. Translation: Euromaidan Press. Data: Ukrainian Health Ministry

In order to slow down the spread rate of the coronavirus, the Ukrainian government has previously imposed a quarantine in the country, closing all educational establishments from preschools to universities, imposing a ban on public mass events, restricting public transportation, and denying entry for foreigners.

Now that the initial terms of quarantine restrictions were nearing their end, the Cabinet of Ministers extended the quarantine on 25 March by one month until 24 April and additionally imposed the nationwide emergency situation regime.

The emergency situation regime is usually applied locally in areas hit hard by a natural disaster.

Minister of Interior Arsen Avakov, the most-criticized person in Zelenskyy’s government, advocated for the state of emergency that provides more restrictive measures than declaring the emergency situation, however, on the day before the meeting of the Cabinet Avakov stated that the state of emergency was not necessary. Another advocate for the state of emergency was Health Minister Ilia Yemets, who urged the Parliament to declare it.

These days, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy narrates updates on the COVID-19 situation in Ukraine every morning. The texts he reads include not only general updates on the developments, hygiene advice, but also justification for the unpopular measures intended to stop the further spreading of the infection.

Another major day-to-day event in the presidential life now are meetings – or rather teleconferences – of the so-called Coordination Council on countering the spread of COVID-19, an advisory board consisting of Zelenskyy himself, his aides and managers, PM Denys Shmyhal with ministers of interior and foreign affairs, the health minister and the country’s chief health inspector, ministers of infrastructure, social policies, defense, chiefs of the RNBO (defense and security council), the military staff and the border service. Chiefs of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) and the Verkhovna Rada were included in the Commission only days ago, on 24 March.

The coordination council is an advisory board to the President and it doesn’t issue any legal acts, but merely harmonizes the actions of the government with the presidential will.

Oligarchy

Ukrainian oligarch Rinat Akhmetov

Ukrainian know-how in the effort to overcome the coronavirus is involving local oligarchs in the process. On 16 March, Zelenskyy met with the “representatives of big businesses” including “owners and CEOs of the largest Ukrainian companies and business groups.” Officially, the presidential office told how Zelenskyy put his foot down and appealed to the “Ukrainian business leaders” to be socially responsible in hard situations met by the country and urged to sponsor buying “large batches of [COVID-19] tests, necessary medical equipment, means of protection and disinfection.” And they promised to “provide all assistance” to the state.

Ihor Kolomoyskyi. Source: nv.ua

However unofficially, as Ukrainian Pravda reported referring to unnamed participants of the meeting that Zelenskyy also urged the oligarchs to oversee certain regions of Ukraine where they have assets and, respectively, human and non-human resources.

  • Rinat Akhmetov: the oblasts of Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Donetsk, Luhansk, and the cities “where he’s influential” such as Zelenskyy’s hometown of Kryvyi Rih.
  • Ihor Kolomoiskyi: Zaporizhia oblast.
  • Kolomoiskyi’s ally Ihor Palytsia: Volyn Oblast (along with Kolomoiskyi) and Ternopil Oblast.
  • Viktor Pinchuk: Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.
  • Andriy Verevskyi: the oblasts of Poltava and Kirovohrad.
  • Yuriy Kosiuk: the oblasts of Vinnytsia and Cherkasy.
  • Andriy Stavnitser: Odesa Oblast.
  • Oleksandr Yaroslavskyi: Kharkiv Oblast.

 

Timeline of the coronavirus pandemic in Ukraine

20 February

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Nine police officers were injured and 24 people arrested during the disorderly clashes in the small Ukrainian city of Novi Sanzhary where locals protested against the government’s decision to temporarily host evacuees from the coronavirus outburst epicenter in China. A journalistic investigation reveals that panic was the result of an organized online campaign connected to Russia.

11 March

The Cabinet of Ministers introduces a three-week nationwide quarantine, banning mass events with over 200 participants and imposing a lock-down on all educational institutions starting from 12 March.

12 March

Two healthy Ukrainian citizens return to Ukraine after their isolation onboard the Grand Princess cruise ship.

13 March

Reports on the first coronavirus death in Ukraine, a 71-year-old woman died in Zhytomyr Oblast. Another Ukrainian citizen dies in Italy.

At a Cabinet meeting, Ukrainian Interior Minister Avakov says that there are 12 coronavirus cases in the occupied city of Horlivka, Donetsk Oblast, proposes restrictions on crossing the checkpoints on the contact line.

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14 March

At least 10,000 veterans and activists marched in Kyiv in a 1.5 km long column, protesting against the possible adoption of laws assigning legitimacy to the “DNR” and “LNR” through the creation of a “Consultation Council” with the Russian proxies.

Read also: Quarantine parliament: Ukrainians rally against using coronavirus situation to rush treasonous laws

16 March

The entry ban for foreigners comes into force.

17 March

The second coronavirus death in the country, a 33-year-old woman dies in Chernivtsi Oblast. Subways shut down in the cities of Kyiv, Kharkiv, Dnipro.

The Cabinet bans railway and air traffic, as well as bus intercity and interregional passenger transport services,  restricts the number of passengers in city trams, trolleybuses and buses to 10 passengers. Other restrictions include the prohibition of all mass gatherings involving more than 10 people, suspension of all restaurants, shopping and entertainment centers.

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopts a law on amending certain legislative acts aimed at preventing the onset and spread of the coronavirus disease COVID-19. The piece of legislation among other measures establishes fines and criminal liability for various coronavirus-spread related misdemeanors and felonies.

Read also: Parliament’s urgent quarantine agenda: MPs appoint new Prosecutor General

18 March

The third coronavirus patient dies, a 56-year-old woman in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast.

The emergency situation regime introduced in Kyiv Oblast as the Kyiv Regional State Administration classified the COVID-19 situation as “biomedical emergency of a regional nature.”

The national railway operator Ukrzaliznytsia closes all railway stations in Ukraine.

President Zelenskyy signs the coronavirus law, adopted by the parliament a day before.

19 March

The second Ukrainian national dies in Italy. The Foreign Ministry reports that throughout the pandemic Ukrainian diplomats assisted in the repatriation of 16,079 Ukrainian citizens stranded abroad.

20 March

The government introduces an emergency situation regime in the capital city of Kyiv, and in Dnipropetrovsk and Ivano-Frankivsk oblasts.

The first coronavirus patient in Ukraine, a Chernivtsi man, recovers from the infection while the Ministry of Health reports on 26 confirmed cases of the infection.

Read also: No coronavirus testing in Russia-occupied territories of Ukraine: extent of epidemic unknown

21 March

Ukraine reports 41 lab-confirmed coronavirus cases in the country. The third Ukrainian citizen dies of the coronavirus in Italy.

23 March

The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry reported that in total three Ukrainian nationals died of the COVID-19 abroad, six more recovered, 18 remained in hospitals, 155 were put on quarantine in other countries, and 70,137 returned in Ukraine.

A Ukrainian military cargo plane arrives from China bringing a batch of polymerase chain reaction test systems, rapid tests, artificial lung ventilation machines, facemasks, protective suits.

Reports on the first confirmed coronavirus case in the Russia-occupied region of Crimea.

24 March

Locked up by the quarantine in their homes, Ukrainians launch an online protest against the possible inconspicuous recognition of the Russian-run sham republics of Luhansk and Donetsk by the Ukrainian government.

Read also: Ukrainians launch online protest against recognition of Russian-run “Donbas republics” set for 25 March

The number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Ukraine rises to 97. Six new cases reported in the Russia-occupied region of Crimea.

The Main Directorate of Intelligence of Ukraine reports that occupation administrations withhold information on coronavirus spread in occupied Donetsk and Luhansk. According to the agency, throughout the previous week, nine people died of alleged “common pneumonia” in the 7th Luhansk city hospital and none was officially diagnosed with COVID-19 infection.

The Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) detains a Kherson woman who disseminated disinformation on coronavirus spread in online groups she administered with a total audience of nearly 100,000 subscribers.

25 March

The lockdown extended until 24 April; a nationwide state of emergency declared in Ukraine for one month. The fourth and fifth coronavirus death confirmed, the total number of cases hits 145.

According to the Foreign Ministry, the number of repatriated Ukrainians reaches 78,592 as of March 24.

 


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