Russia has not implemented a single call of any PACE resolution calling on it to stop its aggression in Ukraine. Despite this, on October 9, PACE will vote for a resolution effectively allowing the Russian delegation to return to the Assembly despite the sanctions introduced on it after the Russian occupation of Crimea in 2014. Such a move would undermine the authority of PACE as the European continent’s leading human rights organization. But also it would contradict PACE’s own resolutions. Here we examine the resolutions in which PACE called upon Russia to cease its military intervention in Ukraine’s Donbas and to deoccupy Crimea.
Resolution 1990 (2014) This resolution, adopted after Russia annexed Crimea, declares Russia’s actions are “in clear contradiction with the Statute of the Council of Europe,” and imposes political sanctions on the Russian delegation to PACE.
- Ensure that the rights of minorities in Crimea, in particular of Crimean Tatars and Ukrainians, are not violated.
- Reverse the closure of the Crimean Tatar television channel, ATR.
- Refrain from harassing Crimean Tatar organizations.
- Allow Mr Dzhemilev and Mr Chubarov to return to Crimea.
- Withdraw all troops, including covert forces, from Ukraine.
- Give its full co-operation to the MH17 investigations.
- Ensure permanent Ukrainian/Russian control of the State border.
- Release all hostages, prisoners of war and illegally held persons.
- Fully implement the Minsk Agreements.
- Immediately reverse the illegal annexation of Crimea.
- Release all Ukrainian prisoners in Russia and occupied Crimea on politically motivated charges.
Resolution 2132 (2016) – specifies that “only significant and measurable progress towards implementation of resolutions 1990, 2034, 2063 can lead to lifting sanctions on Russian delegation”
- Allow all human rights bodies of the Council of Europe full access to Crimea.
- Reverse the illegal annexation of Crimea.
- Withdraw troops from the territory of Ukraine, stop providing separatists with military supplies.
- Cease all financial and military support to illegal armed groups in eastern Ukraine.
- Lift the ban on the Mejlis.
- Release all Ukrainian prisoners captured in Russia and Crimea in the context of war.
- Allow access to Crimea to international organizations.
- Implement all the Assembly’s resolutions related to the military aggression against Ukraine.
- Reforming PACE rules of procedure must not lead to a weakening of the current sanctions regime
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