Unique 1919-1920 map of Ukraine exhibited in Prague

Map of Ukraine entitled  “World Peace in Ukraine!” published in Vienna by Christoph Reisser and Sons in 1919 or 1920

Map of Ukraine entitled “World Peace in Ukraine!” published in Vienna by Christoph Reisser and Sons in 1919 or 1920 

Diaspora, History, Russia, Ukraine

Article by: Rostyslav Khotyn

A unique map of Ukraine has been put on display in Prague as part of the exhibition on the history of Ukrainian, Russian and Belarusian immigration to interwar Czechoslovakia. Published almost 100 years ago, it depicts the Ukrainian liberation movement and Ukraine’s struggle to preserve its statehood during the Ukrainian People’s Republic (the UNR was declared on June 10, 1917). Czech experts assert that Ukraine’s attempts to build an independent state were not successful because of the lack of support from leading Western powers, and they advise Ukrainians not to forget this historic lesson in terms of Russia’s ongoing aggression in Eastern Ukraine.

The exhibition titled “The Refugee Experience: The Fate of Refugees from the Territory of the Former Russian Empire in Interwar Czechoslovakia” recently opened at the Hvězda Pavilion, a picturesque park located on the outskirts of Prague.

Hvězda Pavilion near Prague

Hvězda Pavilion near Prague

The exhibition shows the life of emigrants from Ukraine, Russia and Belarus who fled to Czechoslovakia in the interwar period.

The emigration movement in 1918 was predominantly political and triggered by several political upheavals – the rise and fall of the Ukrainian liberation movement in 1917-1921, the defeat of the Belarusian People’s Republic, and the unsuccessful advances of the Russian White Movement against the Bolsheviks.

Czechoslovakia was then a democratic state, and President Tomáš Masaryk opened the country’s doors to political immigrants. These diaspora groups grew and flourished as various clubs, cultural and scientific institutions were created. A total of two million people, fleeing from Bolshevik persecution and the wars, left the former territories of the Russian Empire and settled in different European countries.

“In the early 1920s, the young Czech state helped many immigrants from the former Russian Empire, and also supported each diaspora’s educational institutions. Ukrainian immigration was very strong in Czechoslovakia, and some institutions moved here from Vienna – for example, the Ukrainian Free University.” says the curator of the exhibition, Jakub Hauser.


A unique and very rare map of Ukraine is displayed at the exhibition. It shows Ukraine’s struggle to preserve its statehood during the UNR period and the voracious appetites of Ukraine’s neighbours.

“At the turn of 1920, many European countries were finally at peace, but not Ukraine. Look at the ironic title of the map – “World Peace in Ukraine!” – suggesting that although peace reigned in many European countries after the First World War, this was far from true in Ukraine. The situation in Ukraine contrasted greatly with Czechoslovakia’s, which had already managed to rebuild a young state. But, Ukraine was on fire, and the Ukrainian state managed to stay afloat for only a very short period of time.” says Hauser.

The map shows Bolsheviks encroaching on Ukrainian territories from the north, the White Guards advancing from the east as flames devour the country.


“On the map, we can see both the Bolsheviks and the White Guards under the Tsar’s flag fighting against Ukraine. It’s interesting that the Bolsheviks and the White Guards fought against each other, but they united their forces to fight against Ukraine – Ukraine was in a very difficult situation then!” explains Hauser.

The map shows Ukraine’s neighbours in the west and the southwest – Romanian and Polish soldiers – also eyeing Ukrainian territories.



The map was published in Vienna by Christoph Reisser and Sons almost a hundred years ago, either in 1919 or in 1920. The artist is called “Verte”, and the map was obviously created in Vienna, because next to his signature in the lower right corner is the inscription “Wien”. The author of the map – that is, the author of the concept – is Y. Hasenko. The map is stored in the Slavic Library in Prague.

Yuriy Hasenko

Yuriy Hasenko

Yuriy Hasenko was a political and cultural figure in the UNR. He was also personal Adjutant General Secretary of Military Affairs to Symon Peytliura (Ukrainian statesman, politician and nationalist leader who led Ukraine’s struggle for independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917 (1918–1921)-Ed) and member of the Ukrainian Central Council delegation at the peace talks in Brest.

Hasenko was also a special envoy of the UNR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, assigned to various diplomatic missions in Austria, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, etc. Therefore, he was well versed in politics and the complicated situation that surrounded Ukraine in those difficult years.

Hasenko worked at the UNR Embassy in Romania, also lived in Czechoslovakia and Germany, and finally moved to France, where he died in the early 1930s.

“The map illustrates the tragic history of Ukraine in those days. But, it speaks to us in another way…. referring to the current situation in Ukraine. Because of various imperialist aspirations of other countries, Ukraine was unable to maintain an independent state.” says Hauser.


The map also reflects the current situation in Ukraine where Russian forces have occupied Ukrainian territories for well over three years.

Crimea and Kuban are an integral part of Ukraine

Crimea and Kuban are an integral part of Ukraine

There are also certain parties and politicians in neighbouring western countries that have announced their plans to return specific Ukrainian regions under their control, or demanded autonomy for territories inhabited by close ethnic communities.

“Of course, it’s very difficult to compare the situation that existed 100 years ago with the present one. For example, relations between Ukraine and Poland at that time were much more complicated than today. But, if we look at Russia’s current aggression against Ukraine, then in some respects, history is being repeated.” says Hauser.

Professor Jiri Pehe of Columbia University (USA) points out that the key reason for Ukraine’s failure to maintain its statehood 100 years ago was the lack of support from all the leading Western powers.

“Western support is very important. Unlike the countries that were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and had some autonomy, Ukraine had nothing under the Russian Empire and therefore, wasn’t prepared to assume statehood at that time.” says Pehe.


Although there were many reasons for the defeat of the Ukrainian liberation movement 100 years ago, such as the lack of unity among Ukrainians or a strong focus on leftist social demands, less attention devoted to statehood itself, the absence of a powerful army during the UNR period, Professor Pehe points to the external factor as the most important catalyst in the ensuing events.

Map of Ukraine used at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919

Map of Ukraine used at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919

“These are lessons from past history, which are very relevant today! If a country wants to succeed and be independent, it must build strong alliances with leading world powers, as well as with its neighbours. If a country doesn’t have any support from powerful allies, then its independence may be threatened.” says Pehe.

“Ukraine is in a different situation than 100 years ago because, despite Russia’s pressure, Ukraine has the support of Western Europe and the EU. In my opinion, this support and assistance should be stronger so that present-day Ukraine doesn’t suffer the same fate as Ukraine in 1917-1919.”  concludes Professor Pehe.

Map of Ukraine, 1918. Full name: General Map of Ukraine. Prepared by M. Dyachyshyn. Svoboda, Ukrainian National Association of America. Scale 1: 2580000. Map format 85x52 cm

Map of Ukraine, 1918. Full name: General Map of Ukraine. Prepared by M. Dyachyshyn. Svoboda, Ukrainian National Association of America. Scale 1: 2580000. Map format 85×52 cm




Translated by: Christine Chraibi
Source: Radio Liberty

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  • Tony

    Same problem 300-400 years ago, same problem 100 years ago, same problem now.
    What to do about this constant state of being attacked on all sides?

    • Ihor Dawydiak

      In actuality, Ukraine has peaceful and amicable relations as well as mutually recognized borders with all of its neighbors (Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova) except Russia. In fact, it is only Russia that has threatened the established borders not only with Ukraine but also with most of the countries in Eastern Europe.

      • veth

        Moldova president: The Russian troops must stay in Transnistria. Is he mad?

        • Dagwood Bumstead

          Obviously- either that or he has received a large bag of $$$ from the demented dwarf, or both.

          • veth

            Both for sure.

      • Tony

        Poland and Turkey was a rival, Cossacks spilled blood with them. Germany invaded. Hungary wants to give passports to neighbouring Hungarian speaking Ukrainians. Transnistria. Etc. Just look at that map!
        Perhaps one reason for Ukraines historic troubles is the lack of strong & easily defended natural barriers like the UK and Japan has.
        So I’m asking what to do about this but unfortunately I’m only getting ostrich behavior back, hiding your heads and pretending there’s no recurring problem here.
        Ok then I’ll try to provide some answers but be warned that I know no good solutions:
        1. Conquer or give up territory until Ukraine is surrounded by strong barriers
        2. Try to create strong barriers, perhaps with dam building.
        3. Go north Korea style but this may require external backing. Obviously not a great solution but you have to admit that NK is good at one thing, making military action too expensive even for overwhelmingly strong opponents.

        • slavko

          Well the only problem insofar as borders in Eastern Europe go are with Rossiya. The Kremlin is the only one in the area usurping international treaties AFTER invading a neighbor without warning. As we all know this IS the history of the Moskal going back centuries when the founder of Moscow attacked Kyiv out of greed. Today the same greed drove Moscow to the annexation of Crimea since the Ukrainians found vast deposits of oil and gas off the coast of Crimea. Within the last couple years the Moskal has driven the Ukrainians away by military force from the oil and gas rigs in uncontested waters of the Black Sea. Now, given that this is the 21st century and we have only 2 nations on the planet that usurp international borders… China and Rossiya to start a war doesn’t make sense given the certainty of massive human suffering that would pale against that of WWII. My thoughts are that Ukraine must develop economically and socially in such a way that makes her the preferred destination over Russia, but not so different that it becomes a “foreign country”. In this manner, Crimean, Luhansk and Donbas populations will gravitate towards Kyiv if a better life can be assured without a cultural, social and language disruption. And so a balance must be struck between “progressive” and “tradition”. With this in mind the people have power over an authoritarian regime such as exists with Moscow by having something of value to fight for in the land of Ukraine. In such an environment Rossiya will then have to step back and re-evaluate its own path towards evolution or disintegrate as it will no longer have losers to rule over. Of course by then people will shift towards the friendliest country.

          • Ihor Dawydiak

            Well stated.

        • Ihor Dawydiak

          As slavko mentioned in his commentary, Ukraine does not have any territorial disputes with any of its neighbors other than the Russian Federation. In fact, other than Russia, the last territorial dispute Ukraine had was with Romania over their border delimitation in the Black Sea including the status of Zmiinyi (Serpent or Snake) Island which was confirmed as Ukrainian territory by the International Court of Justice in 2009 and subsequently the entire matter was settled in a peaceful manner. Now when it comes to other relatively less significant issues which do not involve any existent territorial claims (excluding Russia) such as commemorative historical differences between Poland and Ukraine, or the transportation corridor between the Slovak and Ukrainian sides of Selemantseve village which was divided after WWII, or the issue of Hungarian passports to ethnic Hungarians living in Zakarpattia (Transcarpathian) Oblast, or illegal smuggling, etc., all of these matters are being negotiated in a peaceful and orderly manner. As for Russia, matters are obviously quite different. In that regard and prior to Russia’s invasions of Crimea and Eastern Donbas, the existing negotiations between Russia and Ukraine on all of their border issues were well on the way to a final agreement. However, although Russia has not formally disputed its existing border with Ukraine in the Donbas Region (aka Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts) but have militarily occupied the eastern areas as well as trying to annex Crimea, a future solution to Russian aggression and illegal occupations remain in the balance. Then, to bring all of this one step forward, the Ukrainian Government has made progress to either build a wall and/or install barbed wire and tank traps along its uncontested border with Russia. Even so, the building of physical barriers alone will not necessarily deter future aggression once the current conflict has been resolved. The Russian people themselves must change their mindset and fully understand that they cannot have the cake and eat it too. In the meantime Ukraine would best defend its sovereignty by arming itself to the teeth, cleaning up its judicial system, cleaning up its political administration, fully engaging in a war against corruption at every level and continue on its road to rejoin the European Family of Nations. Even greater sanctions leveled against Russia by the Western powers in addition to providing Ukraine with advanced lethal weapons could also make a difference. Finally, if such measures could be proven to be successful then Russia would be faced with bankruptcy and in such a state would not be able to wage war without the real threat of another revolution. Anything else would be icing on the cake.

    • zorbatheturk

      Join the EU.

    • zorbatheturk

      Learn kung fu and buy a Glock.

      • Dagwood Bumstead

        A Sturmgewehr 44 would be more useful, methinks………

  • Ihor Dawydiak

    An interesting article within a capsule although it should be noted that a multitude of significant issues were not mentioned or clarified. Some of these issues involved; 1) The maps provided were an expression of what was deemed as Ukrainian ethnographic territory although most of Ukraine’s regional peripheries (outer boundaries) included a mixed population of various nationalities. Furthermore, these boundaries did not necessarily express political or military control as they were contested by various Governments at that time. 2) The wide variety of entities contesting control also included autonomous Ukrainian Bilshovyks as opposed to Russian Bolsheviks and anarchists under the leadership of Nestor Makhno), and 3) The Region of Carpatho-Ukraine (Subcarpathian Rus or Ruthenia) which in the current context is defined as Ukraine’s Zakarpatska (Transcarpathian) Oblast was incorporated into Czechoslovakia following WWI. Finally, it should be noted that following the conclusion of WWII, the various borders of the countries in Europe were divided and established based on compromises and zones of influence but they were not set in stone. The Russian invasions of Georgia and Ukraine are a testimony to that new reality.

    • Dagwood Bumstead

      According to a Tsarist ethnographic map the Kuban was overwhelmingy ethnically Ukrainian so the “Paris” map certainly had validity. This changed after the Holodomor as the Kuban was also hard hit and Stalin sent in ethnic Russians to replace the dead Ukrainians, thus altering the ethnic composition.
      Actually, the borders WERE set in stone following WW2 as confirmed by various conferences- Potsdam, Helsinki etc. The dwarf decided to tear up the status quo, but his stupid actions make Dwarfstan also vulnerable to changed borders- think China for one, which makes no secret of wanting the Lost Territories back, or Dai-Nippon wanting the Kuriles back (and presumably also Sakhalin, though this isn’t mentioned officially)..

      • veth


        Russian government sends notices to farmers outlining their wartime duties
        Saturday, August 26, 2017 3:00:19 PM

        Private farms in the Kaluga region of Russia have been notified that during wartime they will be required to supply products for state needs, Meduza news website reports.

        In particular, in the Zhukovsky district, the notifications were signed by the head of the district administration, Anatoliy Suyarko.

        The document says that “in accordance with the approved mobilization plan of the municipal district,” farms “in wartime will be involved in the supply of goods (work, services) for public needs in accordance with the types of products” that they produce.

        “The directors of the farms need to sign that they are aware of this notification and send the second signed copy to the Civil Defense and Emergency Department by the end of July,” Meduza reports.

        According to the head of the Department of Civil Defense and Emergencies in the Zhukovsky district, Victor Katsykalo, “earlier such work was not carried out, but now it is being carried out,” since the administration of the region gave the command to “send out instructions.” He said that the notifications were sent to all organizations in the district, and all the heads signed it.

        “If the farm grows grain, it is obvious that it will grow it in wartime as well,” the official said, and stressed that he does not know whether the produce will be taken free of charge. He did not disclose other details, stating it was “classified.”

        At the same time, Anatoly Artamonov, the governor of the Kaluga region, said that he does not know anything about this and did not give any instructions of this nature.

      • zorbatheturk

        Once RuSSia has collapsed economically the Nips will buy back the islands for a few billion yen.

        • Dagwood Bumstead

          By then Dai-Nippon could probably get the islands back for some beads, mirrors and fishhooks………..

      • Ihor Dawydiak

        Speaking of “Lost Territories”, what about the Kuban Region? This region was formally bequeathed to the Ukrainian Zaporozhian Host (Kozaks or Cossacks) and their Descendants in Perpetuity by Tsarina Catherine the Great as compensation for ending their military status within Ukraine in 1775 and for their colonization of the Kuban Region as protectors of the Russian Empire. Moreover, this decree that was proclaimed by the Russian Empress has never been modified or canceled by any Russian Administration since it was issued. It could also be added that during the Civil War in Ukraine, the Descendants of the Ukrainian Zaporozhian Host via the authorities of the newly established Kuban Peoples Republic, made a formal request for reunification with the Peoples Republic of Ukraine (UNR) in 1918. Finally, it should be underlined that ethnic Ukrainians still remain in the Kuban Region to this very day albeit in far fewer numbers compared to the past. Therefore, should the Kuban Region not be considered as just another Ukrainian Territory that has been illegally usurped and occupied by Russia? You be the judge.

        • Dagwood Bumstead

          I wonder whether the demented dwarf and Lozhvrov are aware of Catherine bequeathing the Kuban in perpetuity- I suspect not. Poroshenko and Klimkin should formally claim Ukrainian sovereignty over the Kuban , citing “historical rights” as the dwarf does with regard to the Crimea. If nothing else, it would no doubt cause quite a few cardiac arrests and popped blood vessels in Dwarfstan! That alone would make it well worth claiming sovereignty over the Kuban.

          I’m not sure whether an Imperial Decree can be overturned by anyone but a Tsar, but I’m by no means an expert on Tsarist constitutional matters. The dwarf could of course get his rubber-stamp Duma to pass legislation annulling Catherine’s Decree, but “in perpetuity” would indicate that no successor has the right to annul the grant- and that would include the dwarf.
          I don’t know what the current ethnic composition of the Kuban is, but presumably it now has an ethnic Russian majority so (hypotheticall speaking) adding the Kuban plus Taganrog and the other territories the Ukrainian SSR had to transfer to the RSFSR in 1919-1922 to the Ukraine might not be such a good idea.

          • Ihor Dawydiak

            Agreed. However, just to add another point to my previous commentary, the issue of the ownership of Kuban could be forwarded to the international community as a counter argument to Russia’s illegal seizure of Crimea. In this case, Putin tried to justify Russia’s attempted annexation of Crimea based on Muscovy’s historical occupation of Ukraine’s peninsula despite the fact that Crimean Tatars had ruled this region for centuries before the Russian onslaught. Therefore, what is good for the goose is good for the gander in so far as historical claims are concerned by both Russia and Ukraine. As such, if Russia is bent on claiming Crimea then Ukraine would have every right to claim Kuban. There would of course be another option that could be considered as fair. The Russians could withdraw to its previous recognized borders with Ukraine (prior to 2014) and Ukraine could formally drop any claims to Kuban. You be the judge.

        • Rafael Hernandez

          Give back Lvov to Poland. Give back Ismail to Romania. Remember that Russia gave these territories to you

          • Ihor Dawydiak

            Is that so, Rafochko? Well then, lets try this on for size. Give Venezuela back to Spain or even better, give Venezuela back to its indigenous people. How does that sound Rafochko or is that too much rotten Russian kapusta for your plate?

    • Dagwood Bumstead

      The “wide variety of entities” was caused by the breakdown of central authority following the February and October Revolutions. Had Gernany either won WW1 or been allowed to keep its troops in the Ukraine following the Nov. 11th Armistice the situation would have eventually stabilised as the German army dealt with all the groups and established control. Unfortunately there isn’t much literature available on the German (and Austrian-Hungarian) occupation of the Ukraine following signing of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty with the UNR- at least, I haven’t discovered any.

      • Ihor Dawydiak

        There are of course many theories of what could have happened if actual events had been altered in some way. One popular scenario that has been postulated has been what would have happened if the Germans had opted to keep Lenin on “ice” instead of sending him to St. Petersburg in a sealed train? What would have happened to the Russian Revolution and its aftermath? However, while speculations could serve as a future guide to avoid the errors of the past, they can never alter true historical events.

        • Dagwood Bumstead

          Interestingly, despite being forced to withdraw all troops from the territories Lenin ceded at Brest-Litovsk under the terms of the Nov. 11th Armistice, Germany continued to suport the UNR. “The German Giants” by G.W. Haddow and Peter M. Grosz mentions how Staaken Riesenflugzeuge were used to supply the Ukrainian government with money until the Inter-Allied Control Commission put a stop to the flights, seizing the aeroplanes. There are several photos of such an aeroplane with the letters “DLR” (for “Deutsche Luft Reederei”) and a Ukrainian trident on the fuselage sides in the Ukrainian book “Heroï Ukraïnskogo Neba” by Yaroslav Tinchenko, plus two colour plates. The original German Balkenkreuze were painted over; the tridents were yellow on the wings, white on the fuselage sides, “DLR” was in blue; the vertical fins and rudders were yellow over blue. Unfortunately the book is in Ukrainian so I can’t decipher it and as far as I know has not been translated into English or German yet.
          All rather ironic seeing how Germany now would love to throw the Ukrainians to the wolves and appease the demented dwarf.

    • veth


      North Korea has hired former KGB staff as advisors to ensure the security of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun reported with reference to an unnamed source.

      According to the newspaper, around 10 former KGB employees will be consultants for Kim Jong Un’s bodyguards. It is likely that these are agents from the seventh division of the Second Chief Directorate, which was involved in counter-intelligence.

      Asahi Shimbun reports that the former Russian KGB agents were invited to Pyongyang in February 2017. They were supposed to teach Kim Jong Un’s bodyguards how to prevent acts of terrorism and how to act during an attack.

      According to the newspaper’s source, the leadership of North Korea is particularly interested in means of protection against assassination using the latest American weapons, especially drones.

      • zorbatheturk


      • Dagwood Bumstead

        Was there really any doubt?

  • veth


    The Associated Press
    Posted: Aug. 25, 2017 8:00 am
    MOSCOW (AP) — A bus carrying construction workers drove off a pier in southern Russia on Friday, killing at least 17 people, officials said.

    The bus was carrying workers who were building a pier for an oil company on the Black Sea coast not far from Crimea, the Investigative Committee said. Several oil companies are drilling for oil off the Russian Black Sea coast.

    Official accounts of how many workers were on the bus that plunged into the sea changed several times Friday morning. In the early afternoon, the Emergency Situations Ministry said 50 people had been on the bus — the 17 people found dead in the water in addition to 33 others who were rescued by divers.

    Footage released by emergency services showed the mangled bus lying on the pier after it had been lifted out of the water.

    Eight people were hospitalized, five of them in serious condition, emergency officials said.

    Investigators didn’t immediately say why the bus drove off the pier, but local officials pointed to faulty brakes. The Tass news agency quoted the town hall of the Temryuk district as saying that the bus drove along the pier for nearly a quarter of a mile before the brakes failed.

  • veth

    President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko greeted Donetsk inhabitants on their city’s day and phrased his belief that the hymn of Ukraine will sound in Donetsk again. The greeting was posted on the president’s Twitter.

    “Ukrainian Donetsk is celebrating its birthday today. Happy city’s day, dear Donetsk inhabitants! We remember about you, and are working persistently to return you to Ukraine. I am sure that the Ukrainian hymn will sound again in our Donetsk,” the president wrote.

    The birthday of Donetsk is celebrated on the same day as Ukraine’s Day of Miner, this year on August 27.

  • veth
    • zorbatheturk

      Shoot em all.

  • veth

    IN THE MEANTIME IN PUTLERSTAN…………………………………………………….

  • zorbatheturk

    Putin has limited map-reading skills.

    • Ihor Dawydiak

      To be more specific, Putin probably believes that he can conquer lands equidistant to his pinocchio sized nose including Alaska but in reality he will have a difficult time in keeping the current Russian Federation in one piece.

      • zorbatheturk

        A virus infects anyone who spends too much time in the Krumlin.

        • veth

          Russians torture Crimean Tatars using electricity
          Abdureshit Dzhepparov, the coordinator of the Crimean contact group on human rights, said Aug. 26 at the conference that electric current had been used by the Russian authorities to torture 2 Crimean Tatars arrested on Aug. 10 in Novolenove, Crimea, Radio Svoboda reports.

          Both men were tied up to chairs and beaten up. In the end, they were tortured by electric current. The police connected the electrodes to their private parts and began the interrogation.

          They started this kind of torture 12 times.

          Later, the captives were told to keep mum about the interrogations.

          The Crimean authorities carry out massive searches of the homes of journalists, activists and Mejlis (Crimean Tatars assembly) members, human rights activists said. Читайте більше тут: http://zik.ua/en/news/2017/08/28/russians_torture_crimean_tatars_using_electricity_1156765

          Killing Russian is no crime, being an Russian is an crime.

        • veth

          LNR claims two of their “MPs” murdered
          The self-proclaimed republic doesn’t name the MPs

          Well done!

      • Dagwood Bumstead

        Actually, it’s Zakharchenko who wants to conquer Alaska! :)))

      • veth

        NO FREEDOM IN CRIMEA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
        Freedom House evaluates level of freedom in Crimea, marks it 9 out of 100
        The organization found it necessary to mark Crimea separately from both Ukraine and Russia, in order to evaluate it in its present condition

        16:34, 28 August 2017

        In their report Populists and Autocrats: The Dual Threat to Global Democracy, the Freedom House marked Crimea separately from Ukraine because it’s not a political map, but shows the level of freedom and democracy, as coordinator of the organization in Ukraine Zorian Kys told Krym.Realii.

        According to Kys, the Freedom House advocates for Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty, but de-facto the peninsula is controlled by Russia. He also denied allegations that Crimea is a part of Russia on the map, emphasizing that the peninsula is marked separately.

        Related: Freedom House recognizes Ukraine’s progress in democracy
        “It’s not a political map, but the map of freedom and democracy levels. The Freedom House’s attitude is clear and unchangeable: Crimea is a part of Ukraine. There’s no room for discussing this…De-facto, Crimea is controlled by Russia, Russian laws are working there, as well as the so-called security forces of Russia. It can’t be overlooked. This is why we evaluated Crimea separately from the territory of Ukraine, but also separately from Russia,” he said.

        It’s worth noting that, according to the report, the freedom level in Crimea is 9 out of 100, among the lowest ratings in the whole world. It’s worse than in Russia (20/100), while Ukraine’s freedom is evaluated as 61/100.

        As it was reported earlier, human rights advocates in occupied Crimea told about Russian security services using tortures against arrested.

      • veth

        Halya Coynash: Russians admit to killing for money – Ukrainians or Syrians, as Russia demands

        By Halya Coynash. Published Aug. 29 at 11:50 am

        (FILES) This file photo taken on March 20, 2014 shows Russian soldiers patrolling the area surrounding the Ukrainian military unit in Perevalne, outside Simferopol.
        Photo by AFP
        More details have emerged of the scale and the money used to recruit Russians willing to fight Russia’s undeclared wars in Ukraine and Syria. The new documents about people fighting in the so-called Wagner Private Military Company give the lie to Moscow’s claims that all Russians fighting against the Ukrainian army in Donbas are there as ‘volunteers’, and this is not only because of the money they earn. Several men have received fully-fledged Russian military awards for their part in key battles, they use weapons only available to the military and train at a base adjacent to one run by the Defence Ministry. The trail also clearly leads to Yevgeny Prigozhin, a billionaire who owes his wealth to his close connections to Russian President Vladimir Putin.

      • Mick Servian

        while you fantasize and obsess about the guy.
        he’s taking your shit country apart dude

  • veth
  • Rafael Hernandez

    What is Crimea and Lvov doing on that map? These territories were Russian in the 20’s. Only later, Russian leaders gifted eastern poland and Crimea and Ukraine.

    • Dagwood Bumstead

      And until 1918 Lemberg was Austrian, from 1918-1939 it was Polish. Prior to 1783 the Crimea was part of the Ottoman Empire for several centuries, so the Turks have far more historic rights to the Crimea than Dwarfstan. The Crimea has been part of first the Ukrainian SSR since 1954 when Malenkov transferred the peninsula conform a decision by Stalin, and since 1991 part of independent Ukraine- a fact explicitly recognised by Russia in several treaties, signed by first Yeltsin and later by Putin. The Crimea is Ukrainian, end of story, and this is not up for discussion.

  • veth