Rare postcards depict Ukrainian village life at turn of 20th century

Rural life 

History, Ukraine

Source: FB
Source: Depo.poltava

Volodymyr Koziuk, collector, painter, photographer and People’s Artist of Ukraine from the village of Chesnivka, Vinnytsia Oblast, recently published some 40 rare postcards of Ukrainian landscapes of the 19th – early 20th  centuries.

Halychyna village landscape

“These are rare historical postcards. I want people to see and use this material, so please share my album. I’ve been collecting Ukrainian postcards since 1992. My favorite topics include Ukrainian landscapes, typical Ukrainian villages and farm dwellings, as well as all aspects of rural life! Yes, these old village homes have inspired me for close to 25 years. Moreover, I clearly understand that these postcards represent a valuable part of our history and heritage! I’d like everyone to have access to them, because I’m not interested in collecting things for myself, but for the Ukrainian people.”

Volodymyr Koziuk

Many of the postcards are labeled “Little Russia” (Малороссия) whereas they obviously refer to the political and geographic territory of present-day Ukraine. Here is a brief explanation:

Little Russia (Russian: “Малороссия” – Malorossiya”), la Petite Russie (French term on the postcards)  is an archaic geographical and historical term that continues to be used in Russian nationalist discourse, in which modern Ukrainians are presented as a single people in a united Russian nation.

“Little Russia” developed into a political and geographical concept in Russia, referring to most of the territory of modern-day Ukraine before the 20th century. Accordingly, derivatives such as “Little Russians” (Russian: Малороссы – Malorossy) were commonly applied to the people, language, and culture of Ukraine. Prior to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, a large part of Ukraine’s élite population adopted a “Little Russian identity” that competed with the local Ukrainian identity.

After the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917, the term started to recede from common use. It is regarded as derogatory, referring to those Ukrainians with little or no Ukrainian national consciousness. The term retains currency among Russian nationalists who deny that Ukraine and Ukrainians are distinct from Russia and Russians. By the late 1980s, the term had become archaic, and Ukrainians regard its anachronistic usage as extremely offensive.

Poltava Oblast


Mills in Poltava Oblast belonging to Prince Kochubey


Rural life


On the banks of the Psel River


On the Vorskla River near the village of Havrontsi, Poltava Oblast. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Harvesting flax. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Geese grazing on the bluffs. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Zaporizhzhya Oblast. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Village house in Kamenske


Sunset. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Village home in Mykola Hohol’s native region. (Hohol was born in Sorochyntsi, Poltava Oblast).  Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Street in the village of Petrivka, Poltava Oblast. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Village of Semianivka, Poltava Oblast.  Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Harvesting hops, village of Dykanka, Poltava Oblast


View of village of Petrivka, Poltava Oblast. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Silently flows the River Vorskla, Poltava Oblast. Photo: V.A. Svitlychny


Village of Zintsi near Poltava


Poltava landscape

Ukrainian “types”

Source: FB
Source: Depo.poltava

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